|Established||10 December 1972|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Hajipur, Vaishali|
|• Vidhan Sabha constituencies||Hajipur, Lalganj, Vaishali, Mahua, Raja Pakar, Raghopur, Mahnar, Patepur|
|• Total||2,036 km2 (786 sq mi)|
|Elevation||51 m (167 ft)|
|• Density||1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||1.895 ♂/♀|
|• Additional official||Urdu|
|• Regional Languages||[Vajjika [Vajjika] ]|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH 22, NH 31, NH 322|
Vaishali district is a district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is a part of Tirhut division. Vaishali is known for being the birthplace of Mahavira of the Jain religion. Hajipur, its largest city and district headquarters, is known for its banana forest. The district is connected via the NH-77 and NH-322 highways, which connect the state capital Patna, the division headquarters Muzaffarpur, and the eastward district Samastipur.
Main article: Vaishali (ancient city)
According to legend, Vaishali derives its name from King Vishal, a son of Ikshvaku who founded the city. Vaishali was the capital of the vibrant Licchavi republic and was closely associated with the early histories of both Buddhism and Jainism. In that period, Vaishali was an ancient metropolis and the capital city of the republic of the Vajji confederation of Mithila, which covered most of the Himalayan Gangetic region of present-day Bihar. Magadh rulers of the Shishunaga dynasty shifted its capital from Pataliputra to Vaishali.
Vaishali became a district when it was split from Muzaffarpur in 1972.
The Vaishali district occupies an area of 2,036 square kilometres (786 sq mi),
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Vaishali one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 38 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Vaishali district has a population of 3,495,021, roughly equal to the nation of Panama or the US state of Connecticut. This gives it a ranking of 86th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,717 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,450/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.58%. Vaishali has a sex ratio of 892 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 66.60%. 6.67% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 21.12% and 0.07% of the population respectively.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 95.09% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 4.80% Urdu as their first language. 69.88% of the population recorded their language as 'Other' under Hindi, while Hindi itself was only reported by 25.10%. The dialect of the region is Bajjika, variously regarded as a dialect of Maithili language.
In 1997, the district became home to the Barela Salim Ali Zubba Saheni Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 2 km2 (0.8 sq mi).
|124||Lalganj||Sanjay Kumar Singh||BJP||NDA|
|126||Mahua||Mukesh Kumar Raushan||RJD||MGB|
|127||Raja Pakar||Pratima Kumari||INC||MGB|
|130||Patepur||Lakhendra Kumar Raushan||BJP||NDA|
Panama 3,460,462 July 2011 est.