Bhojpur District
Arrah–Chhapra Bridge
Location of Bhojpur district in Bihar
Location of Bhojpur district in Bihar
Coordinates (Arrah): 25°46′N 84°52′E / 25.767°N 84.867°E / 25.767; 84.867
Country India
 • District collectorRaj Kumar (IAS)
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesArrah
R. K. Singh, MP
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies
 • Total2,395 km2 (925 sq mi)
 • Total2,728,407
 • Density1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
 • Literacy72.79%
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
802301 (Bhojpur)[1]
Vehicle registrationBR-03
Major highwaysNH-922
WebsiteBhojpur District

Bhojpur district is one of the 38 districts of the Indian state of Bihar. Arrah city (also known as Ara) is the administrative headquarters of this district. Bhojpur district came into existence in 1972. Earlier it was the part of Shahabad district. This district is named "Bhojpur" after great Parmara King Bhoja as most early settlers were Rajput rulers of Parmara dynasty then called as Ujjainiya.[2][3]

In the year 1972, Shahabad district was bifurcated in two parts namely Bhojpur and Rohtas. Buxar was a subdivision of old Bhojpur district then. In 1992, Buxar became a separate district and presently the rest of Bhojpur district has now three sub-divisions – Ara Sadar, Jagdishpur and Piro. It shares its border with Uttar Pradesh in the north west.


Bhojpur district occupies an area of 2,395 square kilometres (925 sq mi).[4]

It is located (the headquarter Arrah) at a longitude of 83° 45' to 84° 45' East and the latitude is 25° 10' to 25° 40' North and is situated at a height of 193 meters above sea level.[5]


Till 1972, Bhojpur was part of old Shahabad District. The present district of Bhojpur came into existence in 1972, when Shahabad district was bifurcated in two parts namely Bhojpur and Rohtas. From 1972 to 1991, Buxar was a sub-division of Bhojpur district only. Later on 17 March 1991 Buxar district got separated from Bhojpur district. Bhojpur falls under Patna division.


In 2006 the Indian government named Bhojpur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[6] It is one of the 38 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[6]


The climate of the district is of moderately extreme type. The summers are hot and the winter are cool. Most of the rain that the district receives is from the South- West monsoon, during July and August. Winters are quite dry and light showers may take place during the Rabi crop.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Religions in Bhojpur district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

According to the 2011 census Bhojpur district, Bihar has a population of 2,728,407,[9] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[10] or the US state of Nevada.[11] This gives it a ranking of 145th in India (out of a total of 640).[9] The district has a population density of 1,136 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,940/sq mi).[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 21.27%.[9] Bhojpur has a sex ratio of 907 females for every 1000 males,[9] and a literacy rate of 72.79%. 14.29% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 15.59% and 0.51% of the population respectively.[9]


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Languages in Bhojpur district (2011)[12]

  Bhojpuri (92.06%)
  Hindi (5.23%)
  Urdu (2.50%)
  Others (0.21%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 92.06% of the population in the district spoke Bhojpuri, 5.23% Hindi and 2.50% Urdu as their first language. Bhojpuri is considered a Hindi dialect in the census, so in census data its speakers are categorized as speaking Hindi.[12]

Languages include Bhojpuri, a language with almost 2,000,000 speakers, according to the study of 'Times of India Daily' written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts,[13] Hindi and Urdu.


The Bhojpur district (headquartered at Arrah) is headed by an IAS officer of the rank of District Magistrate (DM).

The district has got 1209 villages under 228 Gram Panchayats, 34 territorial police stations[14] and 1 municipality, Arrah, which has now become a Municipal Corporation.[15]


Bhojpur district comprises three tehsils or Sub-divisions, each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM):

  1. Arrah Sadar
  2. Jagdishpur
  3. Piro


These Tehsils are further divided into 14 Blocks, each headed by a Block Development Officer (BDO)[16]

  1. Arrah
  2. Agiaon
  3. Barhara
  4. Bihiya
  5. Charpokhari
  6. Garhani
  7. Jagdispur
  8. Koilwar
  9. Piro
  10. Udwantnagar
  11. Sahar
  12. Sandesh
  13. Shahpur
  14. Tarari


This section is transcluded from 17th Bihar Assembly. (edit | history)

District No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
Bhojpur 192 Sandesh Kiran Devi Yadav RJD MGB
193 Barhara Raghvendra Pratap Singh BJP NDA
194 Arrah Amrendra Pratap Singh BJP NDA
195 Agiaon Manoj Manzil CPI(ML)L MGB Disqualified on 16 February 2024 due to criminal conviction [17]
Shiv Prakash Ranjan CPI(ML)L MGB
196 Tarari Sudama Prasad CPI(ML)L MGB
197 Jagdishpur Ram Vishnun Yadav RJD MGB
198 Shahpur Rahul Tiwari RJD MGB



Notable people

Freedom fighter


Government office holders

Academia & literature

Television & film personalities



  1. ^ Bhojpur
  2. ^ Gopal, Surendra (22 December 2017). Mapping Bihar: From Medieval to Modern Times. Routledge. ISBN 9781351034166.
  3. ^ Singh, Surinder; Gaur, I. D. (2008). Popular Literature and Pre-modern Societies in South Asia. Pearson Education India. ISBN 9788131713587.
  4. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti, ed. (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  5. ^ "About District | Welcome To Bhojpur District | India". Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  7. ^ "Table A-02 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901: Bihar" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  8. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Bihar". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook: Bhojpur" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  11. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  12. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Bihar". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  13. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  14. ^ "List of police stations in Bhojpur District, India". Bihar Police. Retrieved 14 June 2024.
  15. ^ Babu Veer Kunwar Singh Babu Veer Kunwar Singh. "Welcome To Bhojpur District | India". Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  16. ^ , Bhojpur District, Bihar.
  17. ^ "CPI-ML MLA Manoj Manzil disqualified from Bihar assembly". Indian Express.

25°33′22″N 84°39′55″E / 25.5562°N 84.6653°E / 25.5562; 84.6653