Arwal district
Son River near Arwal
Son River near Arwal
Location of Arwal district in Bihar
Location of Arwal district in Bihar
Country India
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesJahanabad
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesArwal and Kurtha
 • Total638 km2 (246 sq mi)
 • Total700,843
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Literacy67.44 per cent
 • Sex ratio928
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
PIN Code
Major highwaysNH 98
HDI (2016)Increase 0.226[1] (low)

Arwal district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Arwal town is the administrative headquarters of this district. It was earlier part of Jehanabad district.

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Bihar (out of 38), after Sheikhpura and Sheohar.[2] Arwal District is very small district of Bihar. Most of people are engaged in primary sector.


Recent events

There was a massacre of Dalit people, who were considered to be naxal supporters by Ranvir Sena-a private militia of dominant Bhumihar caste, at Laxmanpur Bathe in 1997. This massacre was in response of capturing land belonging to upper caste people and killing of Bhumihars in various massacre like Bara massacre and Senari massacre by Naxalite, most of the members of naxal cadres being Dalits. It was a part of the Red Corridor.[3]


Arwal district occupies an area of 638 square kilometres (246 sq mi),[4] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Foley Island.[5]


Arwal is the unique district of Bihar in the sense of quality of water and its greater availability. As per survey done by the experts underground water of arwal is completely free from the impurities. Water is available at most of the place at much shallower depths this is the reason why most of the households of arwal used to install handpumps instead of motors and storage. Excellent transportation, Son river and huge availability of water in Arwal may provide suitable conditions to establishment of industries. It is the part of plain of Ganga. There are most agricultural field.


This section is transcluded from 17th Bihar Assembly. (edit | history)

District No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
Arwal 214 Arwal Maha Nand Singh CPI(ML)L MGB
215 Kurtha Bagi Kumar Verma RJD MGB


Economy of the district is totally agriculture-based, and this area does not have any presence of any industry. Paddy, wheat and pulse are the main crops. Though most of the area of the district is well irrigated, due to lack of infrastructure and power, farmers are not benefitted. Industries related to agriculture are starting up nowadays.


Arwal district is a part of Magadh division. It came into existence on 20 August 2001 and was earlier part of Jehanabad district.

The district comprises only one sub-division, Arwal Sadar, which is further divided into five blocks, namely, Arwal, Karpi, Kaler, Kurtha and Suryapur Vanshi.There are total 335 villages present in district.[6]


Nearest Airport is at Patna and Railway Station is Jehanabad (JHD) and Anugarh Narayan Road (AUBR). By Road, Arwal is linked with Jehanabad, Patna and Aurangabad. Jagdeo Prasad Bridge connects to Arwal with Sahar (Bhojpur) on River Sone. It is having excellent communication facility with other cities of India. NH- 139 (Old NH- 98) which passes through Arwal connects NH- 19 (Old NH- 02).


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Religions in Arwal district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

According to the 2011 census Arwal district has a population of 700,843,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Bhutan[9] or the US state of North Dakota.[10] This gives it a ranking of 502nd in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 1,099 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,850/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.01%.[2] Arwal has a sex ratio of 927 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 69.54%. 7.40% of the population live in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 20.16% and 0.08% of the population respectively.[2]


Languages in Arwal district (2011)[11]

  Magahi (86.53%)
  Hindi (8.11%)
  Urdu (4.96%)
  Others (0.40%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 86.53% of the population in the district spoke Magahi, 8.11% Hindi, and 4.96% Urdu as their first language.[11] The language spoken here is Magahi. Some number of people also speaks Bhojpuri.[11]

See also

How to reach

Arwal district is 65 km from Patna District. It is bounded with Patna, Aurangabad, Jehanabad and Bhojpur District. This district is not connected by Rail. It can be reached by Road either from any of the bounded districts. Nearest airport is Patna airport which is 65 km from this district.


  1. ^ "Development of Human Development Index at District Level for EAG States". March 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census Handbook: Arwal" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  3. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Archived from the original on 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  4. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti, ed. (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  5. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Archived from the original on 2015-12-01. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Foley Island 638km2
  6. ^ "Bihar districts:Arwal". Official website of Bihar. Archived from the original on 23 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-12.
  7. ^ "Table A-02 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901: Bihar" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  8. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Bihar". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Bhutan 708,427
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. North Dakota 672,591
  11. ^ a b c "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Bihar". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.

25°14′24″N 84°40′12″E / 25.24000°N 84.67000°E / 25.24000; 84.67000