Members of Lok Sabha (House of the People) or the lower house of India's Parliament are elected by being voted upon by all adult citizens of India, from a set of candidates who stand in their respective constituencies. Every adult citizen of India can vote only in their constituency. Candidates who win the Lok Sabha elections are called 'Member of Parliament' and hold their seats for five years or until the body is dissolved by the President on the advice of the council of ministers. The house meets in the Lok Sabha Chambers of the Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi, on matters relating to creation of new laws, removing or improving the existing laws that affect all citizens of India. Elections take place once in 5 years to elect 545 members for the Lok Sabha (Lower house).[1]

The first elections to the Lok Sabha took place during 1951–52.[2][3][4]

List of Lok Sabha general elections in India

Election year Lok Sabha Total seats Turnout Single largest party Government seats Majority Percentage in the Parliament
1952 First 489 Steady45.7% Indian National Congress 364 239 74.48%
1957 Second 494 Increase 55.42% Indian National Congress 371 248 75.10%
1962 Third Steady 55.42% Indian National Congress 361 228 73.08%
1967 Fourth 520 Increase 61.04% Indian National Congress 283 46 54.42%
1971 Fifth 518 Decrease 55.27% Indian National Congress 352 186 67.95%
1977 Sixth 542 Increase 60.49% Janata Party 298 54 54.98%
1980 Seventh 542* 56.92% Indian National Congress (I) 351 160 64.76%
1984 Eighth 541 64.01% Indian National Congress 415 289 76.52%
1989 Ninth 529 61.95% Indian National Congress 195 –139 36.86%
1991 Tenth 521 55.88% Indian National Congress 244 –33 46.83%
1996 Eleventh 543 57.94% Bharatiya Janata Party 161 –221 29.65%
1998 Twelfth 545 61.97% Bharatiya Janata Party 182 –181 33.39%
1999 Thirteenth 59.99% Bharatiya Janata Party 182 –181 33.39%
2004 Fourteenth 543 58.07% Indian National Congress 145 –253 26.70%
2009 Fifteenth 545 58.21% Indian National Congress 206 –133 37.80%
2014 Sixteenth 66.44% Bharatiya Janata Party 282 19 51.74%
2019 Seventeenth 543 67.40% Bharatiya Janata Party 303 63 55.80%

References

  1. ^ "Terms of the Houses". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Lok Sabha Results 1951-52". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  3. ^ "Statistical Report on Lok Sabha Elections 1951-52" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Lok Sabha Elections Stats Summary 1951-52" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 23 November 2014.