Members of Lok Sabha (House of the People) or the lower house of India's Parliament are elected by being voted upon by all adult citizens of India, from a set of candidates who stand in their respective constituencies. Every adult citizen of India can vote only in their constituency. Candidates who win the Lok Sabha elections are called 'Member of Parliament' and hold their seats for five years or until the body is dissolved by the President on the advice of the council of ministers. The house meets in the Lok Sabha Chambers of the Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi, on matters relating to creation of new laws, removing or improving the existing laws that affect all citizens of India. Elections take place once in 5 years to elect 545 members for the Lok Sabha (Lower house). [1]

The first elections to the Lok Sabha took place during 1951–52.[2][3][4]

List of Lok Sabha general elections in India from 1951 onwards...

Election year Lok Sabha Total seats Single largest party Majority Turnout Percentage in the Parliament
1951–52 First 489 Indian National Congress 364 checkY Steady 45.7% 74.48%
1957 Second 494 Indian National Congress 371 checkY Increase 55.42% 75.10%
1962 Third 494 Indian National Congress 361checkY Steady 55.42% 73.08%
1967 Fourth 520 Indian National Congress 283checkY Increase 61.04% 54.42%
1971 Fifth 518 Indian National Congress 352checkY Decrease 55.27% 67.95%
1977 Sixth 542 Janata Party 298checkY Increase 60.49% 54.98%
1980 Seventh 542* Indian National Congress (I) 351checkY 56.92% 64.76%
1984 Eighth 541 Indian National Congress 414checkY 64.01% 76.52%
1989 Ninth 529 Indian National Congress 195 ☒N 61.95% 36.86%
1991 Tenth 521 Indian National Congress 244 ☒N 55.88% 46.83%
1996 Eleventh 543 Bharatiya Janata Party 161 ☒N 57.94% 29.65%
1998 Twelfth 545 Bharatiya Janata Party 182 ☒N 61.97% 33.39%
1999 Thirteenth 545 Bharatiya Janata Party 182 ☒N 59.99% 33.39%
2004 Fourteenth 543 Indian National Congress 145 ☒N 58.07% 26.70%
2009 Fifteenth 545 Indian National Congress 206 ☒N 58.21% 37.80%
2014 Sixteenth 545 Bharatiya Janata Party 282checkY 66.44% 51.74%
2019 Seventeenth 543 Bharatiya Janata Party 303checkY 67.40% 55.80%

References

  1. ^ "Terms of the Houses". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Lok Sabha Results 1951-52". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  3. ^ "Statistical Report on Lok Sabha Elections 1951-52" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Lok Sabha Elections Stats Summary 1951-52" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 23 November 2014.