Members of the Lok Sabha (House of the People) or the lower house of Parliament of India are elected by being voted upon by all adult citizens of India, from a set of candidates who stand in their respective constituencies. Every adult citizen of India can vote only in their constituency. Candidates who win the Lok Sabha elections are called 'Member of Parliament' and hold their seats for five years or until the body is dissolved by the President on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. The house meets in the Lok Sabha Chamber of the Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi, on matters relating to creation of new laws, removing or improving the existing laws that affect all citizens of India. Elections take place once in five years to elect 543 members for the Lok Sabha.[1]

The first elections to the Lok Sabha took place during 1951–52.[2][3][4]

List of Lok Sabha general elections in India

Election year Lok Sabha Total seats Turnout Single largest party Government seats Majority Percentage in the Parliament Leader
1951–52 First 489 Steady45.7% Indian National Congress 364 119 74.48% Jawaharlal Nehru
1957 Second 494 Increase 55.42% Indian National Congress 371 123 75.10% Jawaharlal Nehru
1962 Third Steady 55.42% Indian National Congress 361 113 73.08% Jawaharlal Nehru
1967 Fourth 520 Increase 61.04% Indian National Congress 283 22 54.42% Indira Gandhi
1971 Fifth 518 Decrease 55.27% Indian National Congress 352 92 67.95% Indira Gandhi
1977 Sixth 542 Increase 60.49% Janata Party 295 23 54.98% Morarji Desai
1980 Seventh 529 56.92% Indian National Congress 353 88 64.76% Indira Gandhi
1984 Eighth 541 64.01% Indian National Congress 414 143 76.52% Rajiv Gandhi
1989 Ninth 529 61.95% Indian National Congress 197 –68 36.86% V. P. Singh
1991 Tenth 521 55.88% Indian National Congress 244 –17 46.83% P. V. Narasimha Rao
1996 Eleventh 543 57.94% Bharatiya Janata Party 161 –111 29.65% Atal Bihari Vajpayee
1998 Twelfth 543 61.97% Bharatiya Janata Party 182 –90 33.39% Atal Bihari Vajpayee
1999 Thirteenth 59.99% Bharatiya Janata Party 182 –90 33.39% Atal Bihari Vajpayee
2004 Fourteenth 543 58.07% Indian National Congress 145 –127 26.70% Manmohan Singh
2009 Fifteenth 543 58.21% Indian National Congress 206 –66 37.80% Manmohan Singh
2014 Sixteenth 66.44% Bharatiya Janata Party 282 10 51.74% Narendra Modi
2019 Seventeenth 543 67.40% Bharatiya Janata Party 303 31 55.80% Narendra Modi

See also

References

  1. ^ "Terms of the Houses". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 19 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Lok Sabha Results 1951-52". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  3. ^ "Statistical Report on Lok Sabha Elections 1951-52" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Lok Sabha Elections Stats Summary 1951-52" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Retrieved 23 November 2014.