17th Lok Sabha
16th Lok Sabha 18th Lok Sabha
New Parliament House,Sansad Marg, New Delhi, India
Overview
Legislative bodyIndian Parliament
Term17 June 2019 –
Election2019 Indian general election
GovernmentThird National Democratic Alliance Government
Sovereign
PresidentRam Nath Kovind
Droupadi Murmu
Vice PresidentM. Venkaiah Naidu
Jagdeep Dhankhar
House of the People
Members543
Speaker of the HouseOm Birla
Leader of the HouseNarendra Modi
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Leader of the OppositionVacant[a]
Party controlNational Democratic Alliance

The 17th Lok Sabha was formed by the members elected in the 2019 Indian general election.[1] Elections, all across India, were conducted in seven phases from 11 April 2019 to 19 May 2019 by the Election Commission of India. Counting started officially on the morning of 23 May 2019 and the results were declared on the same day.

Om Birla was elected as the Speaker of the House. As no party holds 10% of the seats to secure the position of Leader of Opposition, currently, there is no Leader of the Opposition. However, Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury is the leader of the Congress in the Lok Sabha, which is the second largest party.[2][3]

The 17th Lok Sabha has the most women representatives, at 14 percent. 267 members are first-time MPs. 233 members (43 percent) have had criminal charges against them. 475 members have their declared assets to be more than 1 crore (US$130,000); average assets were 20.9 crore (US$2.6 million). Around 39 percent of members are professionally noted to be politicians or involved in social work.[citation needed]

Members

Main article: List of members of the 17th Lok Sabha

Party-wise seat distribution in the 17th Lok Sabha

Party-wise distribution of seats

Party wise distribution as of 18 December 2023
Party Seats Leader in Lok Sabha
BJP 290 Narendra Modi
INC 48 Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury
DMK 24 T. R. Baalu
AITC 23 Sudip Bandyopadhyay
YSRCP 22 P. V. Midhun Reddy
JD (U) 16 Rajiv Ranjan
SHS 13 Rahul Shewale
BJD 12 Pinaki Misra
BSP 9 Girish Chandra
BRS 9 Nageswara Rao
SS(UBT) 6 Vinayak Raut
RLJP 5 Pashupati Kumar Paras
NCP 4 Supriya Sule
TDP 3 K Ram Mohan Naidu
IUML 3 E. T. Mohammed Basheer
JKNC 3 Farooq Abdullah
CPI(M) 3 P R Natarajan
SP 3 S. T. Hasan
CPI 2 K. Subbarayan
AD(S) 2 Anupriya Patel
SAD 2 Harsimrat Kaur Badal
AIMIM 2 A. Owaisi
AIUDF 1 Badruddin Ajmal
AIADMK (OPS) 1 P. Ravindhranath
SAD(A) 1 Simranjit Singh Mann
KC(M) 1 T. Chazhikadan
JD (S) 1 Prajwal Revanna
NCP 1 Sunil Tatkare
LJP(RV) 1 Chirag Paswan
JMM 1 Vijay Hansdak
AAP 1 Sushil Kumar Rinku
VCK 1 T.Thirumavalan
RSP 1 Premchandran
NDPP 1 T.Yepthomi
AJSU 1 CP Choudhary
NPF 1 Lorho Pfoze
NPP 1 Agatha Sangma
MNF 1 C. Lalrosanga
SKM 1 I.H Subba
Independent 5
Vacant 21

Statistics

Party-wise members with criminal charges[8]
Party Elected
members
Members with
criminal charges
Percent
BJP 303 116 39%
INC 60 28 57%
DMK 24 10 43%
JD(U) 16 13 81%
AITC 22 9 41%

BSP

10 5 50%

CPI(M)

3 2 67%

CPI

2 0 0%

The 17th Lok Sabha has the highest ever number of women politicians with a total of 78 which is nearly 14%.[9] The earlier Lok Sabha had 62 women MPs. The average age of 17th Lok Sabha is noted to be 54 years and 12% of MPs are below the age of 40. Chandrani Murmu of BJD from Keonjhar constituency became the youngest member at the age of 25 years, 11 months and nine days and Shafiqur Rahman Barq of SP from Sambhal constituency became the oldest member at the age of 89.[10][11] Education-wise, 43% MPs have graduate-level education, 25% are post-graduates and 4% of members have doctorates in various subjects. Of the total strength, 300 members have been elected as member for the first time and 197 members have been elected second time consecutively i.e. they were a member in the 16th Lok Sabha as well.[9] BJP members Maneka Gandhi from Sultanpur constituency and Santosh Gangwar from Bareilly constituency has been elected to Lok Sabha for the eighth time.[12] Religion-wise, 90.4% members are Hindus and 5.2% are Muslims, with the rest, nearly 4%, being Sikhs, Christians and other minorities.[12]

According to the NGO Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR), 233 members (i.e. 43%) have criminal charges against them. Of these, nearly 29% of the cases are rape, murder, attempted murder, or crime against women. Congress MP Dean Kuriakose, of the Idukki constituency in Kerala, has 204 criminal cases.[8]

Financially, the number of members who are crorepati (i.e. with declared assets more than 1 crore (US$130,000)) are 475. Members with more than 5 crore (US$630,000) assets are 266. The average assets of the whole Lok Sabha was 20.9 crore (US$2.6 million) and Nakul Nath of Congress from Chhindwara constituency has the highest declared assets of nearly 660 crore (US$83 million).[13] Nath is followed by H. Vasanthakumar from Kanyakumari constituency, with 417 crore (US$52 million) and D. K. Suresh from Bangalore Rural constituency with 338 crore (US$42 million); both being of Congress party.[14]

Professionally, around 39% noted to be politicians or involved in social work. This is followed by 38% of members declaring as agriculturists and 23% as businessmen.[15]

Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Percentage of bills referred to Parliamentary committees

Bills

As of January 2024, during the tenure of the 17th Lok Sabha, 16% of bills were referred to Parliamentary committees for examination.[16] [17] and half of the bills passed so far were discussed for less than two hours each. [18][19]

Subsequent by-elections and vacancies

State Constituency Name of elected M.P. Party affiliation
Andhra Pradesh Tirupati(SC) Balli Durga Prasad Rao


(Died on 16 September 2020)

YSR Congress Party
Maddila Gurumoorthy


(Elected on 2 May 2021)

Bihar Valmiki Nagar Baidyanath Prasad Mahto
(Died on 28 February 2020)
JD (U)
Sunil Kumar


(Elected on 10 November 2020)

Samastipur (SC) Ram Chandra Paswan


(Died on 21 July 2019)

Lok Janshakti Party
Prince Raj


(Elected on 24 October 2019)

Rashtriya Lok Janshakti Party
Chhattisgarh Sarguja (ST) Renuka Singh
(Resigned on 6 December 2023)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant
Raigarh (ST) Gomati Sai
(Resigned on 6 December 2023)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant
Bilaspur Arun Sao
(Resigned on 6 December 2023)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant
Haryana Ambala (SC) Rattan Lal Kataria
(Died on 18 May 2023)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant
Himachal Pradesh Mandi Ram Swaroop Sharma
(Died on 17 March 2021)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Pratibha Singh


(Elected on 2 November 2021)

Indian National Congress
Karnataka Belgaum Suresh Angadi


(Died on 23 September 2020)

Bharatiya Janata Party
Mangala Suresh Angadi


(Elected on 2 May 2021)

Kerala Malappuram P. K. Kunhalikutty


(Resigned on 3 February 2021)

Indian Union Muslim League
M. P. Abdussamad Samadani


(Elected on 2 May 2021)

Madhya Pradesh Morena Narendra Singh Tomar
(Resigned on 6 December 2023)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant
Damoh Prahlad Singh Patel
(Resigned on 6 December 2023)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant
Sidhi Riti Pathak
(Resigned on 6 December 2023)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant
Jabalpur Rakesh Singh
(Resigned on 6 December 2023)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant
Hoshangabad Uday Pratap Singh
(Resigned on 6 December 2023)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant
Khandwa Nandkumar Singh Chauhan


(Died on 2 March 2021)

Bharatiya Janata Party
Gyaneswar Patil


(Elected on 2 November 2021)

Maharashtra Chandrapur Suresh Dhanorkar
(Died on 30 May 2023)
Indian National Congress
Vacant
Pune Girish Bapat
(Died on 29 March 2023)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant
Satara Udayanraje Bhosale


(Resigned on 14 September 2019)

Nationalist Congress Party
Shriniwas Patil


(Elected on 24 October 2019)

Punjab Jalandhar Santokh Singh Chaudhary


(Died on 14 January 2023)

Indian National Congress
Sushil Kumar Rinku
(Elected on 13 May 2023)
Aam Aadmi Party
Sangrur Bhagwant Mann
(Resigned on 14 March 2022)
Aam Aadmi Party
Simranjit Singh Mann


(Elected on 26 June 2022)

SAD(A)
Rajasthan Jaipur Rural Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore
(Resigned on 6 December 2023)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant
Alwar Balak Nath
(Resigned on 7 December 2023)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant
Nagaur Hanuman Beniwal
(Resigned on 8 December 2023)
Rashtriya Loktantrik Party
Vacant
Rajsamand Diya Kumari
(Resigned on 6 December 2023)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant
Tamilnadu Kanyakumari H. Vasanthakumar


(Died on 28 August 2020)

Indian National Congress
Vijay Vasanth


(Elected on 2 May 2021)

Telangana Medak Kotha Prabhakar Reddy
(Resigned on 13 December 2023)
Bharat Rashtra Samithi
Vacant
Malkajgiri A. Revanth Reddy
(Resigned on 8 December 2023)
Indian National Congress
Vacant
Nalgonda N. Uttam Kumar Reddy
(Resigned on 6 December 2023)
Indian National Congress
Vacant
Bhongir Komatireddy Venkat Reddy


(Resigned on 8 December 2023)

Indian National Congress
Vacant
Uttar Pradesh Rampur Azam Khan
(Resigned on 22 March 2022)
Samajwadi Party
Ghanshyam Singh Lodhi


(Elected on 26 June 2022)

Bharatiya Janata Party
Mainpuri Mulayam Singh Yadav


(Died on 10 October 2022)

Samajwadi Party
Dimple Yadav


(Elected on 8 December 2022)

Azamgarh Akhilesh Yadav


(Resigned on 22 March 2022)

Samajwadi Party
Dinesh Lal Yadav Nirahua


(Elected on 26 June 2022)

Bharatiya Janata Party
Ghazipur Afzal Ansari


(disqualified on 1 May 2023)

Bahujan Samaj Party
Vacant
West Bengal Krishnanagar Mahua Moitra
(disqualified on 8 December 2023)
Trinamool Congress
Vacant
Asansol Babul Supriyo
(Resigned on 22 October 2021)
Bharatiya Janata Party
Shatrughan Sinha
(Elected on 16 April 2022)
Trinamool Congress
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Dadra and Nagar Haveli (ST) Mohanbhai Sanjibhai Delkar
(Died on 22 February 2021)
Independent
Kalaben Delkar
(Elected on 2 November 2021)
Shiv Sena (Uddhav Balasaheb Thackeray)

2023 Security Breach

On 13 December 2023, two protestors breached the parliament and entered the Lok Sabha.[20] The parliament security breach was organised by six protestors where two of the accused Sagar Sharma and D Manoranjan, jumped into the chamber from the visitor's gallery, and opened a yellow smoke canister, in an attempt to reach the Speaker's Chair. While outside the parliament, two others, Neelam Devi and Amol Shinde opened aerosol canister releasing a color smoke.[21][22]

The sixth individual, Vishal Sharma, was caught meters away from the parliament after filming and uploading the video of the protest outside Parliament to the social media platforms.[23][24] The leader of the protestors was Lalit Jha who is affiliated with the Samyabadi Subhas Sabha, a non-governmental organisation in West Bengal, and calls himself teacher on his Instagram profile.[25][26] The Delhi police told the court that it was well planned attack on the parliament and all the nabbed accused could be affiliated with terrorist organisations.[27]

Day after the security breach, MP Derek O'Brien of the Rajya Sabha and 13 MPs of Lok Sabha from the Congress and the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam parties, were suspended till the remainder of the session for demanding a discussion on the breach.[28] A week later, 33 MPs from Lok Sabha and 46 members from Rajya Sabha were suspended taking the total number of MPs suspended in this session to 92.[29] Furthermore, 49 more members of Parliament (MPs) of the INDIA bloc of parties were suspended on 19 December 2023 for disrupting proceedings which took the total number of such suspensions in the two Houses to 141.[30]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury served as the Leader of the Indian National Congress party in the Lok Sabha. There was no official opposition, as the opposition party is required to have at least 55 seats. The INC had a plurality (50) seats in the chamber.

References

  1. ^ "General Election 2019 - Election Commission of India". results.eci.gov.in. Archived from the original on 25 May 2019. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Congress MP Ravneet Singh Bittu Becomes New Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha". msn.com. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  3. ^ "After Derek O'Brien, Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury Asks Standing Committee to Discuss 'Tek Fog'". The Wire. 12 January 2022. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  4. ^ "Om Birla unanimously elected as the speaker of Lok Sabha". Economic Times. 20 June 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  5. ^ Kumar Shakti Shekhar (31 July 2019). "Narendra Modi govt yet to appoint Lok Sabha deputy speaker, Congress slams delay". The Times of India. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
  6. ^ "Leader of the House". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Senior IAS officer Utpal Kumar Singh named Lok Sabha Secretary General - ET Government". Economic Times. 30 November 2020. Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  8. ^ a b "43% newly-elected Lok Sabha MPs have criminal record: ADR". The Hindu. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  9. ^ a b Khanna, Pretika (24 May 2019). "At 14%, 17th Lok Sabha has the highest number of women MPs". Live Mint. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  10. ^ "BJD's Chandrani Murmu, 25, becomes youngest Member of Parliament". MSN. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  11. ^ Chaudhary, Anjan Kumar (28 May 2019). "17वीं लोकसभा के सबसे यंग और सबसे बूढ़े सांसद को जानिए". One India (in Hindi). Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  12. ^ a b "From faith to gender and profession to caste: A profile of the 17th Lok Sabha". Hindustan Times. 25 May 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  13. ^ Deuskar, Nachiket (27 May 2019). "Composition of 17th Lok Sabha: Women's representation, education and professional backgrounds". Money Control. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  14. ^ "With Assets Worth Rs 660 Crore, Kamal Nath's Son Tops List of 475 Crorepati MPs in New Lok Sabha: Report". News 18. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  15. ^ Rai, Kavya (22 June 2019). "What does the 17th Lok Sabha look like?". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  16. ^ "The Importance of Parliamentary Committees". PRS Legislative Research. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  17. ^ "संसद में पेश 83 फीसदी विधेयक को संसदीय समिति की समीक्षा के लिए नहीं भेजा गया- रिपोर्ट". ABP (in Hindi). 26 August 2023. Retrieved 31 January 2024.
  18. ^ "Vital Stats". PRS Legislative Research. Retrieved 31 January 2024.
  19. ^ "Half of bills passed by 17th Lok Sabha discussed for less than two hours each: Report". The Times of India. PTI. 22 December 2023. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 31 January 2024.
  20. ^ "The Indian Parliament was Just Attacked with Gas Bombs - The News Dispatcher". 13 December 2023. Retrieved 13 December 2023.
  21. ^ "Terror charges invoked in Parliament security breach case". The Hindu. 14 December 2023.
  22. ^ "MPhil Degree, No Job: Parliament Protester's Mother On Why She Was Upset". 14 December 2023.
  23. ^ "Terror charges invoked in Parliament security breach case". The Hindu. 14 December 2023.
  24. ^ "Explained Lok Sabha security breach—What helped the two men elude tight security". 14 December 2023.
  25. ^ "Terror charges invoked in Parliament security breach case". The Hindu. 14 December 2023.
  26. ^ "Parliament security breach: 7-day police custody for 'mastermind' Lalit Jha". 15 December 2023.
  27. ^ "Terror charges invoked in Parliament security breach case". The Hindu. 14 December 2023.
  28. ^ "Parliament security breach: 14 India opposition MPs suspended for protests". BBC. 14 December 2023. Retrieved 2 February 2024.
  29. ^ Sharma, Akhilesh; Gunasekar, Arvind; Bose, Saikat Kumar (18 December 2023). "In Unprecedented Move, Close To 100 MPs Suspended From Parliament". NDTV. India News. Retrieved 2 February 2024.
  30. ^ Mohan, Archis (19 December 2023). "Winter Session: Lok Sabha clears 3 key Bills as 49 more Oppn MPs suspended". Business Standard. Retrieved 2 February 2024.