Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly
12th Jammu and Kashmir Assembly
(Dissolved)
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
History
Founded1957
Preceded byJammu and Kashmir Constituent Assembly
Leadership
Speaker
Vacant
since 31 October 2019
Deputy Speaker
Vacant
since 31 October 2019
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Vacant
since 31 October 2019
Deputy Leader of the House (Deputy Chief Minister)
Vacant
since 31 October 2019
Leader of the Opposition
Vacant
since 31 October 2019
Seats114 (90 seats + 24 seats reserved for Pakistan occupied Kashmir)
Elections
First past the post
Last election
25 November to 20 December 2014
Next election
Next
Website
jkla.neva.gov.in

The Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly also known as the Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Sabha is the legislature of Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.

The Legislative Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir was dissolved by the Governor on 21 November 2018.[1]

Prior to 2019, the State of Jammu and Kashmir had a bicameral legislature with a legislative assembly (lower house) and a legislative council (upper house). The Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, passed by the Parliament of India in August 2019, replaced this with a unicameral legislature while also re-organising the state into a union territory.

History

Praja Sabha

The first legislature of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, called the Praja Sabha, was established by the government of the Maharaja Hari Singh in 1934.[2] It had 33 elected seats, 30 nominated members and 12 ex-officio members.[3]

The first election in 1934 saw the Liberal Group headed by Pandit Ram Chander Dubey emerge as the largest party and the Muslim Conference as the second largest (with 14 seats).[4] Further elections were held in 1938 and 1947.

In 1939, the Muslim Conference party renamed itself to National Conference under the leadership of Sheikh Abdullah and opened its membership to people of all religions. It launched a Quit Kashmir movement in 1946 and boycotted the 1947 election.[5]

Post-accession

Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly in 2010
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly in 2010

After the accession of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir to the Union of India in 1947, the Maharaja ceded powers to a popular government headed by Sheikh Abdullah. Elections for a constituent assembly were held in 1951, in which Abdullah's National Conference won all 75 seats.

In 1957, a new constitution was adopted by the constituent assembly, which established a bicameral legislature consisting of an upper house, the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council and a lower house, the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly.[6]

In August 2019, a Reorganisation Act was passed by the Indian Parliament. The act reorganised the former state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories; Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh on 31 October 2019. The union territory of Jammu and Kashmir has a unicameral Legislative Assembly. The Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council was formally abolished on 16 October 2019.[7][8]

In March 2020, a three-member Delimitation Commission was formed, chaired by retired Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai, for the delimitation of the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.[9] The commission published its interim report in February 2022.[10] The final delimitation report was released on 5 May 2022[11] and it came into force from 20 May 2022.[12]

Composition

The Legislative Assembly was initially composed of 100 members, later increased to 111 by the then Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir (Twentieth Amendment) Act of 1988.[6] Of these, 24 seats are designated for the territorial constituencies of the state that came under Pakistani control in 1947.[6] These seats remain officially vacant as per section 48 of the then state constitution and now also in The Constitution of India.[6] These seats are not taken into account for reckoning the total membership of the assembly, especially for deciding quorum and voting majorities for legislation and government formation.[6] Hence the total contestable and filled seats of the assembly remained 87 of which there are presently 83 seats after the separation of Ladakh as a union territory which had 4 seats. The Kashmir valley region has 46 seats, the Jammu region has 37 seats.

Delimitation started for all the constituencies of the assembly prior to the next Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly election.[9] The delimitation report has added additional 6 seats to the Jammu division and 1 seat to Kashmir division, thus taking the total tally to 90 seats.[13]

Tenure and functions

Members of the Legislative Assembly were elected for a six-year term up to 2019 and five-year term thereafter. The seats are filled by direct election from single member constituencies using the first past the post method. The assembly may be dissolved before the completion of the full term by the Lieutenant Governor upon the advice of the Chief Minister. The Lieutenant Governor may also convene special sessions of the legislative assembly.

Membership by party

The assembly is currently dissolved. The composition of the assembly prior to dissolution was as follows:

Composition in June 2018

Office bearers

Source:[14]

Members of Legislative Assembly

The assembly is currently dissolved. The members of the assembly prior to dissolution were as follows:[15]

No. Constituency Name Party Remarks
1 Karnah Raja Manzoor Ahmad Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
2 Kupwara Bashir Ahmad Dar Jammu and Kashmir People's Conference
3 Lolab Abdul Haq Khan Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
4 Handwara Sajjad Lone Jammu and Kashmir People's Conference
5 Langate Engineer Rashid Independent
6 Uri Mohammad Shafi Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
7 Rafiabad Yawar Ahmad Mir Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
8 Sopore Abdul Rashid Dar Indian National Congress
9 Gurez Nazir Ahmad Khan Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
10 Bandipora Usman Abdul Majid Indian National Congress
11 Sonawari Mohammad Akbar Lone Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
12 Sangrama Basharat Ahmed Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
13 Baramulla Javid Hassan Baig Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
14 Gulmarg Mohammad Abass Wani Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
15 Pattan Imran Raza Ansari Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
16 Kangan Altaf Ahmad Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
17 Ganderbal Ishfaq Ahmad Sheikh Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
18 Hazratbal Asia Naqash Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
19 Zadibal Abid Hussain Ansari Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
20 Eidgah Mubarik Ahmad Gul Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
21 Khanyar Ali Mohd Sagar Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
22 Habba Kadal Shamim Firdous Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
23 Amira Kadal Syed Mohammad Altaf Bukhari Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
24 Sonawar Mohammad Ashraf Mir Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
25 Batmaloo Noor Mohammad Sheikh Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
26 Chadoora Javaid Mustafa Mir Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
27 Budgam Aga Syed Ruhullah Mehdi Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
28 Beerwah Omar Abdullah Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
29 Khan Sahib Hakeem Mohammad Yaseen Shah Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Front
30 Charari Sharief Ghulam Nabi Lone Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
31 Tral Mushtaq Ahmad Shah Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
32 Pampore Zahoor Ahmad Mir Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
33 Pulwama Mohammad Khalil Band Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
34 Rajpora Haseeb Drabu Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
35 Wachi Aijaz Ahmad Mir Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
36 Shopian Mohammad Yousuf Bhat Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
37 Noorabad Abdul Majid Padder Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
38 Kulgam Mohammed Yousuf Tarigami Communist Party of India (Marxist)
39 Hom Shali Bugh Majeed Bhat Laram Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
40 Anantnag Mehbooba Mufti Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
41 Devsar Mohammad Amin Bhat Indian National Congress
42 Dooru Syed Farooq Ahmad Andrabi Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
43 Kokernag Abdul Rahim Rather Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
44 Shangus Gulzar Ahmad Wani Indian National Congress
45 Bijbehara Abdul Rehman Bhat Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
46 Pahalgam Altaf Ahmad Wani Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
47 Nubra Deldan Namgail Indian National Congress
48 Leh Nawang Rigzin Jora Indian National Congress
49 Kargil Asgar Ali Karbalai Indian National Congress
50 Zanskar Syed Mohammad Baqir Rizvi Independent
51 Kishtwar Sunil Kumar Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party
52 Inderwal Ghulam Mohammad Saroori Indian National Congress
53 Doda Shakti Raj Bharatiya Janata Party
54 Bhaderwah Daleep Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
55 Ramban Neelam Kumar Langeh Bharatiya Janata Party
56 Banihal Vikar Rasool Wani Indian National Congress
57 Gulabgarh Mumtaz Ahmed Indian National Congress
58 Reasi Ajay Nanda Bharatiya Janata Party
59 Gool Arnas Ajaz Ahmed Khan Indian National Congress
60 Udhampur Pawan Kumar Gupta Independent
61 Chenani Dina Nath Bharatiya Janata Party
62 Ramnagar Ranbir Singh Pathania Bharatiya Janata Party
63 Bani Ranbir Singh Pathania Bharatiya Janata Party
64 Basohli Lal Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
65 Kathua Rajiv Jasrotia Bharatiya Janata Party
66 Billawar Dr. Nirmal Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party
67 Hiranagar Kuldeep Raj Bharatiya Janata Party
68 Samba Dr. Devinder Kumar Manyal Bharatiya Janata Party
69 Vijaypur Chander Prakash Ganga Bharatiya Janata Party
70 Nagrota Devender Singh Rana Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
71 Gandhinagar Kavinder Gupta Bharatiya Janata Party
72 Jammu East Rajesh Gupta Bharatiya Janata Party
73 Jammu West Sat Paul Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party
74 Bishnah Kamal Verma Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
75 RS Pura Gagan Bhagat Bharatiya Janata Party
76 Suchetgarh Sham Lal Choudhary Bharatiya Janata Party
77 Marh Sukhnandan Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party
78 Raipur Domana Bali Bhagat Bharatiya Janata Party
79 Akhnoor Rajeev Sharma Bharatiya Janata Party
80 Chhamb Kirshan Lal Bharatiya Janata Party
81 Nowshera Ravinder Raina Bharatiya Janata Party
82 Darhal Chowdhary Zulfkar Ali Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
83 Rajouri Qamar Hussain Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
84 Kalakote Abdul Ghani Kohli Bharatiya Janata Party
85 Surankote Chaudhary Mohammad Akram Indian National Congress
86 Mendhar Javed Ahmed Rana Jammu & Kashmir National Conference
87 Poonch Haveli Shah Mohammad Tantray Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party
Nominated Priya Sethi[16] Bharatiya Janata Party
Nominated Anjum Fazili[16] Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party

Attack on the State Assembly Complex

On 1 October 2001, armed terrorists belonging to Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammed terrorist group carried out an attack on the Jammu and Kashmir State Legislative Assembly Complex in Srinagar using a car bomb and three suicide bombers.[17][18]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Amid contrasting claims, J&K Governor dissolves Assembly". The Hindu. 21 November 2018. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  2. ^ "Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly". National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 29 August 2010.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Rai, Mridu (2004), Hindu Rulers, Muslim Subjects: Islam, Rights, and the History of Kashmir, C. Hurst & Co, p. 274, ISBN 1850656614
  4. ^ Copland, Ian (1981), "Islam and Political Mobilization in Kashmir, 1931-34", Pacific Affairs, 54 (2): 228–259, doi:10.2307/2757363, JSTOR 2757363
  5. ^ Choudhary, Dipti, "The Constitutional Development in the State of Jammu and Kashmir" (PDF), State autonomy under indian constitution a study with reference to the state of jammu and kashmir, Kurukhsetra University/Shodhganga, pp. 60, 69, hdl:10603/32675
  6. ^ a b c d e "Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir" (PDF).
  7. ^ "J&K administration orders abolition of legislative council, asks its staff to report to GAD". Financial express. PTI. 17 October 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  8. ^ "Abolition of Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council in terms of Section 57 of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganization Act, 2019" (pdf). jkgad.nic.in. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  9. ^ a b "Delimitation of Constituencies in Jammu-Kashmir, Assam,Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland - Notification dated 06.03.2020 - Delimitation - Election Commission of India". eci.gov.in. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
  10. ^ "Many seats redrawn in J&K delimitation draft". The Hindu. 5 February 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  11. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Delimitation report". The Hindu. 9 May 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  12. ^ "Orders of J&K Delimitation Commission take effect". Hindustan Times. 21 May 2022. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
  13. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Delimitation report". The Hindu. 9 May 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  14. ^ "Home | Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly". jkla.neva.gov.in. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  15. ^ "2014 Jammu and Kashmir election results". eci.gov.in.
  16. ^ a b Excelsior, Daily (1 March 2015). "Fazili, Sethi nominated as MLAs".
  17. ^ Fidayeen storm J&K House, kill 29, The Tribune, 2001-10-02
  18. ^ Praveen Swami (13 October 2001). "An Audacious Strike". Frontline. Archived from the original on 28 November 2001.((cite news)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)