Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly
16th Tamil Nadu Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
Leadership
R. N. Ravi
since 18 September 2021
M. K. Stalin, DMK
since 7 May 2021
M. Appavu, DMK
since 12 May 2021
Deputy Speaker
K. Pitchandi, DMK
since 12 May 2021
Duraimurugan, DMK
since 11 May 2021
Chief Government Whip
Govi. Chezhian, DMK
since 7 May 2021
Edappadi K. Palaniswami, AIADMK
since 11 May 2021
Deputy Leader of the Opposition
R. B. Udhayakumar, AIADMK
since 19 July 2022
Structure
Seats234
Political groups
Government (157)
  I.N.D.I.A (157)

Official Opposition (62)

  AIADMK (62)

Other Opposition (13)

  NDA (13)

Vacant (2)

  Vacant (2)
Elections
First past the post
First election
27 March 1952
Last election
6 April 2021
Next election
May 2026
Meeting place
13°04′47″N 80°17′14″E / 13.0796°N 80.2873°E / 13.0796; 80.2873
Chief Secretariat of Tamil Nadu, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Website
www.assembly.tn.gov.in

The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It has a strength of 234 members, all of whom are democratically elected using the first-past-the-post system. The presiding officer of the Assembly is the Speaker. The term of the Assembly is five years, unless dissolved earlier.

Since Tamil Nadu has a unicameral legislature, the terms Tamil Nadu Legislature and Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly are almost synonymous and are often confused. However, they are not one and the same. The Tamil Nadu Legislature is the legislative body, while the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly is a part of it. The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, along with the Governor of Tamil Nadu, constitutes the Tamil Nadu Legislature.

The present state of Tamil Nadu is a residuary part of the erstwhile Madras Presidency and was formerly known as Madras State. The first legislature of any sort for the Presidency was the Madras Legislative Council, which was set up as a non-representative advisory body in 1861. In 1919, direct elections were introduced with the introduction of diarchy under the Government of India Act 1919. Between 1920 and 1937, the Legislative Council was a unicameral legislature for the Madras Presidency. The Government of India Act 1935 abolished diarchy and created a bicameral legislature in the Madras Presidency. The Legislative Assembly became the Lower House of the Presidency.

After the Republic of India was established in 1950, the Madras Presidency became the Madras State, and the bicameral setup continued. The Madras State's assembly strength was 375, and the first assembly was constituted in 1952. The current state was formed in 1956 after the reorganisation of states, and the strength of the assembly was reduced to 206. Its strength was increased to the present 234 in 1965. Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969, and subsequently, the assembly came to be called the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly. The Legislative Council was abolished in 1986, making the legislature a unicameral body and the assembly its sole chamber.

The present Sixteenth Legislative Assembly was constituted on 3 May 2021. It was constituted after the 2021 assembly election, which resulted in the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)-led front winning and forming the government. The next election will take place in 2026.

History

Origin

Main article: Madras Legislative Council

The first legislature of any kind to be established in Madras was the Madras Legislative Council in 1861. First established as a non-representative advisory body, it saw the introduction of elected members in 1892. The Indian Councils Act 1909 (popularly called the "Minto-Morley Reforms") officially introduced indirect election of members to the Council. In 1919, direct elections were introduced with the introduction of diarchy under the Government of India Act 1919. Between 1920 and 1937, the Legislative Council was a unicameral legislature for the Madras Presidency. The Government of India Act 1935 abolished diarchy and created a bicameral legislature in Madras province. The Legislature consisted of the Governor and two legislative bodies: a Legislative Assembly and a Legislative Council. The Assembly was the lower house and consisted of 215 members, who were further classified into general members and reserved members representing special communities and interests:[1][2]

Reservation Number of members
General 116
Scheduled Castes 30
Muslims 28
Christians 8
Women 8
Landholders 6
Commerce and Industry 6
Labour and Trade Unions 6
Europeans 3
Anglo-Indians 2
University 1
Tribal 1
Total 215

The presiding officer of the Assembly was called the Speaker of the Assembly.

Madras Presidency

First Assembly of the Madras Presidency meeting in the Senate House, Madras University (1937)

See also: 1937 Madras Presidency legislative assembly election and Madras Presidency legislative assembly election, 1946

The first legislative assembly election in the presidency was held in February 1937. The Indian National Congress obtained a majority by winning 159 of 215 seats. C. Rajagopalachari became the first elected chief minister of the Presidency under the provincial autonomy system guaranteed by the Government of India Act 1935. The first assembly was constituted in July 1937. Bulusu Sambamurti and A. Rukmani Lakshmipathi were elected as the Speaker and Deputy Speaker respectively.[3]

The first assembly lasted its term until February 1943, but the Congress cabinet resigned in October 1939, protesting India's participation in World War II. From 1939 to 1946, Madras was under the direct rule of the governor and no elections were held in 1943 when the assembly's term expired. Next elections were held only in 1946, when a political compromise was reached between the Congress and viceroy Lord Wavell.[4][5][6] The second assembly of the presidency was constituted in April 1946 and J. Shivashanmugam Pillai was elected as the speaker. The Congress won an absolute majority in the elections and again formed the Government.[6] On 15 August 1947, India became independent and the new Indian Constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950. Madras Presidency became Madras State and the existing assembly and government were retained till new elections could be held in 1951.[7]

Republic of India

In the Republic of India, the Madras State Legislative Assembly continued to be the lower house in a bicameral legislature. The first election to the assembly on the basis of universal adult suffrage was held in January 1952. According to the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies (Madras) Order, 1951, made by the President under sections 6 and 9 of the Representation of the People Act, 1950, the assembly's strength was 375 members elected from 309 constituencies. Out of the 309 constituencies in the undivided Madras State, 66 were two member constituencies, 62 of which had one seat reserved for Scheduled Caste candidates and 4 for Scheduled Tribe candidates.[8][9] The two member constituencies were established in accordance to Article 332 of the Indian Constitution. The voting method and the plurality electoral formula were defined in The Representation of People Act, 1950.[10] These constituencies were larger in size and had greater number of voters (more than 1,00,000)[11] when compared to general constituencies. Multiple members were elected only in the 1952 and 1957 elections as double member representation was abolished in 1961 by the enactment of Two-Member Constituencies Abolition Act (1961).[12] Of the 375 seats, 143 were from what later became Andhra state, 29 were from Malabar, 11 from South Canara (part of present-day Karnataka) and the remaining 190 belonged to Tamil Nadu.

On 1 October 1953, a separate Andhra State consisting of the Telugu-speaking areas of the composite Madras State was formed and the Kannada-speaking area of Bellary District was merged with the then Mysore State. This reduced the strength of the Legislative Assembly to 231. On 1 November 1956, the States Reorganisation Act took effect and consequently the constituencies in the erstwhile Malabar District were merged with the Kerala State. This further reduced the strength to 190. The Tamil-speaking area of Kerala (present day Kanyakumari district) and Sengottai taluk were added to Madras State. According to the new Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order 1956, made by the Delimitation Commission of India under the provisions of the State Reorganisation Act of 1956, the strength of the assembly was increased to 205.[8]

The 1957 elections were conducted for these 205 seats. In 1959, as result of The Andhra Pradesh and Madras (Alteration of Boundaries) Act 1959, one member from the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly was allotted to Madras increasing its Legislative Assembly strength to 206. The 1962 elections were conducted for these 206 seats. In 1965, the elected strength of the assembly was increased to 234 by the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 1965. In addition to the 234, the assembly also has one nominated member representing the Anglo-Indian community. From 1965, the number of members has remained constant. In 1969, Madras State was renamed Tamil Nadu and subsequently the assembly came to be known as the "Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly". The Legislative Council was abolished with effect from 1 November 1986 through an Act of Parliament titled as The Tamil Nadu Legislative Council (Abolition) Act, 1986. With the abolition of the council, the legislature became a unicameral body and remained so for the next 24 years. Of the fourteen assemblies that have been constituted so far, four (the sixth, seventh, ninth and tenth) have been dismissed by the Central Government using Article 356 of the Indian Constitution.[8] This State Assembly is unique because, since 1996, the actual leader of the official opposition party, though he or she is an official member of the house, has chosen mostly to sign the attendance register outside but not attend the house proceedings. M. KarunanidhiJ. Jayalalithaa, and Vijayakant conducted themselves in this manner, unless an extremely important situation happened. Once M. K. Stalin became the leader of the opposition in 2016, the leader of the opposition always came and participated fully in the House. Following the 2021 elections, the leader of the opposition Edappadi K. Palaniswami, also attended the house.

Location

Main article: Fort St. George, India

Fort St. George where the Tamil Nadu Legislature has functioned for 60 years
Senate House, Madras University

The Legislative Assembly is seated at the Fort St. George, Chennai. Fort St. George has historically been the seat of the Government of Tamil Nadu since colonial times. During 1921–37, the precursor to the assembly – Madras Legislative Council, met at the council chambers within the fort. Between 14 July 1937 – 21 December 1938, the assembly met at the Senate House of the University of Madras and between 27 January 1938 – 26 October 1939 in the Banqueting Hall (later renamed as Rajaji Hall) in the Government Estate complex at Mount Road. During 1946–52, it moved back to the Fort St. George. In 1952, the strength of the assembly rose to 375, after the constitution of the first assembly, and it was briefly moved into temporary premises at the government estate complex. This move was made in March 1952, as the existing assembly building only had a seating capacity of 260. Then on 3 May 1952, it moved into the newly constructed assembly building in the same complex. The assembly functioned from the new building (later renamed as "Kalaivanar Arangam") during 1952–56. However, with the reorganisation of states and formation of Andhra, the strength came down to 190 and the assembly moved back to Fort St. George in 1956. From December 1956 till January 2010, the Fort remained the home to the assembly.[13][14][15]

In 2004, during the 12th assembly, the AIADMK Government under J. Jayalalithaa made unsuccessful attempts to shift the assembly, first to the location of Queen Mary's College and later to the Anna University campus, Guindy. Both attempts were withdrawn after public opposition.[16] During the 13th Assembly, the DMK government led by M. Karunanidhi proposed a new plan to shift the assembly and the government secretariat to a new building in the Omandurar Government Estate. In 2007, the German architectural firm GMP International won the design competition to design and construct the new assembly complex. Construction began in 2008 and was completed in 2010. The new assembly building was opened and the assembly started functioning in it from March 2010.[16][17][18][19] After AIADMK's victory in the 2011 elections, the assembly shifted back to Fort St. George.[20][21][22]

List of historical locations where the Tamil Nadu Legislature has been housed:

Duration Location
11 July 1921 – 13 July 1937 Council Chamber, Fort St. George, Chennai
14 July 1937 – 21 December 1937 Beveridge Hall, Senate House, Chennai
27 January 1938 – 26 October 1939 Multipurpose Hall, Rajaji Hall, Chennai
24 May 1946 – 27 March 1952 Council Chamber, Fort St. George, Chennai
3 May 1952 – 27 December 1956 Multipurpose Hall, Kalaivanar Arangam, Chennai
29 April 1957 – 30 March 1959 Assembly Chamber, Fort St. George, Chennai
20 April 1959 – 30 April 1959 Multipurpose Hall, Arranmore Palace, Udhagamandalam
31 August 1959 – 11 January 2010 Assembly Chamber, Fort St. George, Chennai
19 March 2010 – 10 February 2011 Assembly Chamber, Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly-Secretariat Complex, Chennai
23 May 2011 – 13 September 2020 Assembly Chamber, Fort St. George, Chennai
14 September 2020 – 13 September 2021 Multipurpose Hall, Kalaivanar Arangam, Chennai
5 January 2022 – present Assembly Chamber, Fort St. George, Chennai

List of the assemblies

Assembly
(Election)
Ruling Party Chief Minister Deputy Chief Minister Speaker Deputy Speaker Leader of the House Leader of the Opposition
1st
(1952)
Indian National Congress C. Rajagopalachari

K. Kamaraj

Vacant J. Shivashanmugam Pillai

N. Gopala Menon

B. Baktavatsalu Naidu C. Subramaniam T. Nagi Reddy

P. Ramamurthi

2nd
(1957)
Indian National Congress K. Kamaraj Vacant U. Krishna Rao B. Baktavatsalu Naidu C. Subramaniam V. K. Ramaswami
3rd
(1962)
Indian National Congress K. Kamaraj

M. Bhakthavatsalam

Vacant S. Chellapandian K. Parthasarathi M. Bhakthavatsalam V. R. Nedunchezhiyan
4th
(1967)
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam C. N. Annadurai

V. R. Nedunchezhiyan


M. Karunanidhi

Vacant S. P. Adithanar

Pulavar K. Govindan

Pulavar K. Govindan

G. R. Edmund

V. R. Nedunchezhiyan

M. Karunanidhi


V. R. Nedunchezhiyan

P. G. Karuthiruman
5th
(1971)
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. Karunanidhi Vacant K. A. Mathiazhagan

Pulavar K. Govindan

P. Seenivasan

N. Ganapathy

V. R. Nedunchezhiyan Vacant[a]
6th
(1977)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. G. Ramachandran Vacant Munu Adhi Su. Thirunavukkarasar Nanjil K. Manoharan M. Karunanidhi
7th
(1980)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. G. Ramachandran Vacant K. Rajaram P. H. Pandian V. R. Nedunchezhiyan M. Karunanidhi
K. S. G. Haja Shareef
8th
(1984)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. G. Ramachandran

V. R. Nedunchezhiyan


V. N. Janaki Ramachandran

Vacant P. H. Pandian V. P. Balasubramanian V. R. Nedunchezhiyan

R. M. Veerappan

O. Subramanian
9th
(1989)
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. Karunanidhi Vacant M. Tamilkudimagan V. P. Duraisamy K. Anbazhagan J. Jayalalithaa
S. R. Eradha
G. K. Moopanar
10th
(1991)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam J. Jayalalithaa Vacant Sedapatti R. Muthiah K. Ponnusamy

S. Gandhirajan

V. R. Nedunchezhiyan S. R. Balasubramoniyan
11th
(1996)
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. Karunanidhi Vacant P. T. R. Palanivel Rajan Parithi Ilamvazhuthi K. Anbazhagan S. Balakrishnan
12th
(2001)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam J. Jayalalithaa

O. Panneerselvam


J. Jayalalithaa

Vacant K. Kalimuthu A. Arunachalam C. Ponnaiyan K. Anbazhagan
13th
(2006)
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. Karunanidhi M. K. Stalin R. Avudaiappan V. P. Duraisamy K. Anbazhagan O. Panneerselvam

J. Jayalalithaa

14th
(2011)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam J. Jayalalithaa

O. Panneerselvam


J. Jayalalithaa

Vacant D. Jayakumar

P. Dhanapal

P. Dhanapal

Pollachi V. Jayaraman

O. Panneerselvam

Natham R. Viswanathan


O. Panneerselvam

Vijayakant
Vacant[b]
15th
(2016)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam J. Jayalalithaa

O. Panneerselvam


Edappadi K. Palaniswami

O. Panneerselvam P. Dhanapal Pollachi V. Jayaraman O. Panneerselvam

K. A. Sengottaiyan


O. Panneerselvam

M. K. Stalin
16th
(2021)
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. K. Stalin Vacant M. Appavu K. Pitchandi Duraimurugan Edappadi K. Palaniswami
Note

In the 1952 election, no party achieved a majority in the assembly election, so C. Rajagopalachari became the first and only non-elected chief minister. In the 1967 election, C. N. Annadurai was elected to the Lok Sabha and not to the assembly. He resigned as a member of parliament and was elected to the state legislative council to become chief minister.

List of members of legislative assembly

This section is transcluded from 16th Tamil Nadu Assembly. (edit | history)

Source:[23][24]
District No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
Tiruvallur 1 Gummidipoondi T. J. Govindrajan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
2 Ponneri (SC) Durai Chandrasekar Indian National Congress SPA
3 Tiruttani S. Chandran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
4 Thiruvallur V. G. Raajendran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
5 Poonamallee (SC) A. Krishnaswamy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
6 Avadi S. M. Nasar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Chennai 7 Maduravoyal K. Ganapathy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
8 Ambattur Joseph Samuel Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
9 Madavaram S. Sudharsanam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
10 Thiruvottiyur K. P. Shankar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
11 Dr. Radhakrishnan Nagar J. J. Ebenezer Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
12 Perambur R. D. Shekar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
13 Kolathur M. K. Stalin Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA Chief Minister
14 Villivakkam A. Vetriazhagan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
15 Thiru-Vi-Ka-Nagar (SC) P. Sivakumar (A) Thayagam Kavi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
16 Egmore (SC) I. Paranthamen Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
17 Royapuram Idream R. Murthy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
18 Harbour P. K. Sekar Babu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
19 Chepauk-Thiruvallikeni Udhayanidhi Stalin Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
20 Thousand Lights Dr. Ezhilan Naganathan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
21 Anna Nagar M. K. Mohan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
22 Virugampakkam A. M. V. Prabhakara Raja Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
23 Saidapet M. Subramanian Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
24 Thiyagaraya Nagar J. Karunanithi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
25 Mylapore Dha. Velu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
26 Velachery J. M. H. Aassan Maulaana Indian National Congress SPA
27 Shozhinganallur S. Aravind Ramesh Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
28 Alandur T. M. Anbarasan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Kanchipuram 29 Sriperumbudur (SC) K. Selvaperunthagai Indian National Congress SPA
Chengalpattu 30 Pallavaram I. Karunanithi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
31 Tambaram S. R. Raja Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
32 Chengalpattu M. Varalakshmi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
33 Thiruporur S. S. Balaji Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi SPA
34 Cheyyur (SC) Panaiyur M. Babu Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi SPA
35 Maduranthakam (SC) Maragatham Kumaravel All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
Kanchipuram 36 Uthiramerur K. Sundar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
37 Kancheepuram C. V. M. P. Ezhilarasan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Ranipet 38 Arakkonam (SC) S. Ravi All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
39 Sholingur A. M. Munirathinam Indian National Congress SPA
Vellore 40 Katpadi Durai Murugan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA Leader of the House
Ranipet 41 Ranipet R. Gandhi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
42 Arcot J. L. Eswarappan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Vellore 43 Vellore P. Karthikeyan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
44 Anaikattu A. P. Nandakumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
45 Kilvaithinankuppam (SC) M. Jaganmoorthy All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (PBK) None
46 Gudiyattam (SC) V. Amulu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Tirupathur 47 Vaniyambadi G. Sendhil Kumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
48 Ambur A. C. Vilwanathan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
49 Jolarpet K. Devaraji Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
50 Tirupattur(Vellore) A. Nallathambi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Krishnagiri 51 Uthangarai (SC) T. M. Tamilselvam All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
52 Bargur D. Mathiazhagan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
53 Krishnagiri K. Ashok Kumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
54 Veppanahalli K. P. Munusamy All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
55 Hosur Y. Prakaash Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
56 Thalli T. Ramachandran Communist Party of India SPA
Dharmapuri 57 Palacode K. P. Anbalagan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
58 Pennagaram G. K. Mani Pattali Makkal Katchi None
59 Dharmapuri S. P. Venkateshwaran Pattali Makkal Katchi None
60 Pappireddippatti A. Govindasamy All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
61 Harur (SC) V. Sampathkumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
Tiruvannamalai 62 Chengam (SC) M. P. Giri Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
63 Tiruvannamalai E. V. Velu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
64 Kilpennathur K. Pitchandi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA Deputy Speaker
65 Kalasapakkam P. S. T. Saravanan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
66 Polur S. S. Krishnamoorthy All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
67 Arani Sevvoor S. Ramachandran All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
68 Cheyyar O. Jothi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
69 Vandavasi (SC) S. Ambeth Kumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Viluppuram 70 Gingee K. S. Masthan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
71 Mailam C. Sivakumar Pattali Makkal Katchi None
72 Tindivanam P. Arjunan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
73 Vanur (SC) M. Chakrapani All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
74 Villupuram R. Lakshmanan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
75 Vikravandi N. Pugazhenthi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Vacant
76 Tirukkoyilur K. Ponmudy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA Disqualified on 19 December 2023[25]

And resisted in March 2024.
Kallakurichi 77 Ulundurpettai A. J. Manikannan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
78 Rishivandiyam Vasantham K. Karthikeyan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
79 Sankarapuram T. Udhayasuriyan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
80 Kallakurichi M. Senthilkumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
Salem 81 Gangavalli (SC) A. Nallathambi All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
82 Attur (SC) A. P. Jayasankaran All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
83 Yercaud (ST) G. Chitra All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
84 Omalur R. Mani All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
85 Mettur S. Sathasivam Pattali Makkal Katchi None
86 Edappadi Edappadi K. Palaniswami All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None Leader of the Opposition
87 Sankari S. Sundararajan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
88 Salem (West) R. Arul Pattali Makkal Katchi None
89 Salem (North) R. Rajendran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
90 Salem (South) E. Balasubramanian All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
91 Veerapandi M. Raja All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
Namakkal 92 Rasipuram (SC) M. Mathiventhan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
93 Senthamangalam (ST) K. Ponnusamy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
94 Namakkal P. Ramalingam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
95 Paramathi-Velur S. Sekar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
96 Tiruchengodu E. R. Eswaran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (KMDK) SPA
97 Kumarapalayam P. Thangamani All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
Erode 98 Erode (East) E. V. K. S. Elangovan Indian National Congress SPA
99 Erode (West) S. Muthusamy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
100 Modakkurichi C. Saraswathi Bharatiya Janata Party NDA
Tiruppur 101 Dharapuram N. Kayalvizhi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
102 Kangayam M. P. Saminathan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Erode 103 Perundurai S. Jayakumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
104 Bhavani K. C. Karuppannan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
105 Anthiyur A. G. Venkatachalam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
106 Gobichettipalayam K. A. Sengottaiyan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
107 Bhavanisagar (SC) A. Bannari All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
Nilgiris 108 Udhagamandalam R. Ganesh Indian National Congress SPA
109 Gudalur (SC) Pon. Jayaseelan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
110 Coonoor K. Ramachandran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Coimbatore 111 Mettupalayam A. K. Selvaraj All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
Tiruppur 112 Avanashi (SC) P. Dhanapal All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
113 Tiruppur (North) K. N. Vijayakumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
114 Tiruppur (South) K. Selvaraj Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
115 Palladam M. S. M. Anandan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
Coimbatore 116 Sulur V. P. Kandasamy All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
117 Kavundampalayam P. R. G. Arunkumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
118 Coimbatore (North) Amman K. Arjunan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
119 Thondamuthur S P Velumani All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None Chief Whip of the Opposition
120 Coimbatore (South) Vanathi Srinivasan Bharatiya Janata Party NDA
121 Singanallur K. R. Jayaram All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
122 Kinathukadavu S. Damodaran All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
123 Pollachi Pollachi V. Jayaraman All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
124 Valparai (SC) Amul Kandasami T K All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
Tiruppur 125 Udumalaipettai Udumalai K. Radhakrishnan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
126 Madathukulam C. Mahendran All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
Dindigul 127 Palani I. P. Senthil Kumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
128 Oddanchatram R. Sakkarapani Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
129 Athoor I. Periyasamy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
130 Nilakottai (SC) S. Thenmozhi All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
131 Natham Natham R. Viswanathan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
132 Dindigul Dindigul C. Sreenivaasan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
133 Vedasandur S. Gandhirajan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Karur 134 Aravakurichi Monjanoor R. Elango Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
135 Karur V. Senthilbalaji Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
136 Krishnarayapuram (SC) K. Sivagama Sundari Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
137 Kulithalai R. Manickam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Tiruchirappalli 138 Manapaarai Abdul Samad. P Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MMK) SPA
139 Srirangam M. Palaniyandi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
140 Tiruchirappalli (West) K. N. Nehru Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA Deputy Leader of the House
141 Tiruchirappalli (East) Inigo Irudhayaraj .S Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
142 Thiruverumbur Anbil Mahesh Poyyamozhi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
143 Lalgudi A. Soundara Pandian Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
144 Manachanallur C. Kathiravan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
145 Musiri N. Thiyagarajan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
146 Thuraiyur (SC) S. Stalin Kumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Perambalur 147 Perambalur (SC) M. Prabhakaran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
148 Kunnam S. S. Sivasankar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Ariyalur 149 Ariyalur K. Chinnappa Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) SPA
150 Jayankondam Ka. So. Ka. Kannan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Cuddalore 151 Tittakudi C. V. Ganesan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
152 Vriddhachalam R. Radhakrishnan Indian National Congress SPA
153 Neyveli Saba Rajendran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
154 Panruti T. Velmurugan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (TVK) SPA
155 Cuddalore G. Iyappan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
156 Kurinjipadi M. R. K. Panneerselvam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
157 Bhuvanagiri A. Arunmozhithevan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
158 Chidambaram K. A. Pandian All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
159 Kattumannarkoil (SC) M. Sinthanai Selvan Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi SPA
Mayiladuthurai 160 Sirkazhi (SC) M. Panneerselvam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
161 Mayiladuthurai S. Rajakumar Indian National Congress SPA
162 Poompuhar Nivedha M. Murugan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Nagapattinam 163 Nagapattinam Aloor Shanavas Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi SPA
164 Kilvelur (SC) Nagai Maali (A) P. Mahalingam Communist Party of India (Marxist) SPA
165 Vedaranyam O. S. Manian All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
Tiruvarur 166 Thiruthuraipoondi (SC) K. Marimuthu Communist Party of India SPA
167 Mannargudi Dr. T. R. B. Rajaa Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
168 Thiruvarur K. Poondi Kalaivanan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
169 Nannilam R. Kamaraj All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
Thanjavur 170 Thiruvidaimarudur (SC) Go. Vi. Chezhiyan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA Chief Whip of the Government
171 Kumbakonam G. Anbazhagan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
172 Papanasam Dr. M. H. Jawahirullah Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MMK) SPA
173 Thiruvaiyaru Durai Chandrasekaran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
174 Thanjavur T. K. G. Neelamegam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
175 Orathanadu R. Vaithilingam ADMKTUMK NDA
176 Pattukkottai K. Annadurai Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
177 Peravurani N. Ashok Kumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Pudukkottai 178 Gandharvakottai (SC) M. Chinnadurai Communist Party of India (Marxist) SPA
179 Viralimalai C. Vijayabaskar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
180 Pudukkottai Dr. V. Muthuraja Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
181 Thirumayam S. Ragupathi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
182 Alangudi Meyyanathan Siva V Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
183 Aranthangi T. Ramachandran Indian National Congress SPA
Sivaganga 184 Karaikudi S. Mangudi Indian National Congress SPA
185 Tiruppattur(Sivaganga) K. R. Periyakaruppan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
186 Sivaganga P. R. Senthilnathan All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
187 Manamadurai (SC) A. Tamilarasi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Madurai 188 Melur P. Selvam All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
189 Madurai East P. Moorthy Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
190 Sholavandan (SC) A. Venkatesan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
191 Madurai North G. Thalapathi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
192 Madurai South M. Boominathan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) SPA
193 Madurai Central Palanivel Thiagarajan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
194 Madurai West Sellur K. Raju All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
195 Thiruparankundram V. V. Rajan Chellappa All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
196 Tirumangalam R. B. Udhayakumar All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None Deputy Leader of Opposition
197 Usilampatti P. Ayyappan ADMKTUMK NDA
Theni 198 Andipatti A. Maharajan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
199 Periyakulam (SC) K. S. Saravana Kumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
200 Bodinayakanur O. Panneerselvam ADMKTUMK NDA
201 Cumbum N. Eramakrishnan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Virudhunagar 202 Rajapalayam S. Thangappandian Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
203 Srivilliputhur (SC) E. M. Manraj All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
204 Sattur A. R. R. Raghumaran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) SPA
205 Sivakasi A. M. S. G. Ashokan Indian National Congress SPA
206 Virudhunagar A. R. R. Seenivasan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
207 Aruppukkottai K. K. S. S. R. Ramachandran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
208 Tiruchuli Thangam Thennarasu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Ramanathapuram 209 Paramakudi (SC) S. Murugesan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
210 Tiruvadanai R. M. Karumanickam Indian National Congress SPA
211 Ramanathapuram Katharbatcha Muthuramalingam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
212 Mudhukulathur R. S. Raja Kannappan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
Thoothukudi 213 Vilathikulam G. V. Markandayan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
214 Thoothukkudi P. Geetha Jeevan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
215 Tiruchendur Anitha Radhakrishnan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
216 Srivaikuntam Oorvasi S. Amirtharaj Indian National Congress SPA
217 Ottapidaram (SC) M. C. Shunmugaiah Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
218 Kovilpatti Kadambur C. Raju All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
Tenkasi 219 Sankarankovil (SC) E.Raja Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
220 Vasudevanallur (SC) T. Sadhan Tirumalaikumar Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) SPA
221 Kadayanallur C. Krishnamurali All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
222 Tenkasi S. Palani Nadar Indian National Congress SPA
223 Alangulam P. H. Manoj Pandian Independent NDA
Tirunelveli 224 Tirunelveli Nainar Nagendran Bharatiya Janata Party NDA
225 Ambasamudram E. Subaya All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
226 Palayamkottai M. Abdul Wahab Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
227 Nanguneri Ruby R. Manoharan Indian National Congress SPA
228 Radhapuram M. Appavu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA Speaker
Kanyakumari 229 Kanniyakumari N. Thalavai Sundaram All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
230 Nagercoil M. R. Gandhi Bharatiya Janata Party NDA
231 Colachel Prince J.G. Indian National Congress SPA
232 Padmanabhapuram Mano Thangaraj Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
233 Vilavancode S. Vijayadharani Indian National Congress SPA Resigned on 24 February 2024
Vacant
234 Killiyoor S. Rajesh Kumar Indian National Congress SPA

Party position

This section is transcluded from 16th Tamil Nadu Assembly. (edit | history)

Alliance Party No. of MLAs Leader of the party
Government
SPA

Seats: 157
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 132 M. K. Stalin
Indian National Congress 17 S. Rajesh Kumar
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi 4 Sinthanai Selvan
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 2 P. Mahalingam
Communist Party of India 2 T. Ramachandran
Opposition
AIADMK

Seats: 62
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 62 Edappadi K. Palaniswami
Others
NDA

Seats: 13
Pattali Makkal Katchi 5 G. K. Mani
Bharatiya Janata Party 4 Nainar Nagendran
Independent 4 O. Panneerselvam
Vacant
Seats: 2
Vacant 2
Total 234

Standing committees of the house (2023–2024)

The following standing committee of the house was constituted on 21 April 2023.

No. Name Chairman No. of members
(Excluding chairman)
1 Business Advisory Committee M. Appavu 16
2 Committee on Rules M. Appavu 16
3 Committee of Privileges K. Pitchandi 16
4 Committee on Estimates G. Anbalagan 19
5 Committee on Public Accounts K. Selvaperunthagai 19
6 Committee on Public Undertakings A. Soundarapandian 17
7 Committee on Delegated Legislation P. Sivakumar @ Thayagam Kavi 11
8 Committee on Government Assurances T. Velmurugan 11
9 House Committee M. Panneerselvam 17
10 Committee on Petitions Govi. Chezhiaan 10
11 Library Committee S. Sudharsanam 9
11 Committee on Papers Laid on the Table of the House A. Tamilarasi 10

Portraits in the assembly chamber

No. Portrait of Unveiled on Unveiled by
1 C. Rajagopalachari 24 June 1948 Jawaharlal Nehru
2 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 23 August 1948 C. Rajagopalachari
3 Thiruvalluvar 22 March 1964 Zakir Husain
4 C. N. Annadurai 6 October 1969 Indira Gandhi
5 K. Kamaraj 18 August 1977 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
6 E. V. Ramasami 9 August 1980 Jothi Venkatachalam
7 B. R. Ambedkar 9 August 1980 Jothi Venkatachalam
8 U. Muthuramalingam Thevar 9 August 1980 Jothi Venkatachalam
9 Muhammad Ismail Sahib 9 August 1980 Jothi Venkatachalam
10 M. G. Ramachandran 31 January 1992 J. Jayalalithaa
11 J. Jayalalithaa 12 February 2018 P. Dhanapal
12 S. S. Ramaswami Padayachi 19 July 2019 Edappadi K. Palaniswami
13 V. O. Chidambaram Pillai 23 February 2021 Edappadi K. Palaniswami
14 P. Subbarayan 23 February 2021 Edappadi K. Palaniswami
15 Omanthur P. Ramaswamy Reddiar 23 February 2021 Edappadi K. Palaniswami
16 M. Karunanidhi 2 August 2021 Ram Nath Kovind

The bust of P. Rajagopalachari and L. D. Swamikannu Pillai, former presidents of the Madras Legislative Council, adorns the assembly lobby.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ No official opposition because no political party obtained at least 10% of the seats in the following assembly election
  2. ^ No official opposition because no political party obtained at least 10% of the seats in the assembly

References

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  2. ^ "The State Legislature - Origin and Evolution:Brief History Before independence". Assembly.tn.gov.in. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  3. ^ Kaliyaperumal, M (1992). The office of the speaker in Tamilnadu : A study (PDF). Madras University. p. 47. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011.
  4. ^ Chaurasia, Radhey Shyam (2002). History of Modern India, 1707 A. D. to 2000 A. D. Atlantic Publishers. p. 388. ISBN 978-81-269-0085-5.
  5. ^ Mansergh, Nicholas (1968). Survey of British Commonwealth Affairs: Problems of Wartime Cooperation and Post-War Change 1939–1952. Routledge. p. 299. ISBN 978-0-7146-1496-0.
  6. ^ a b "INDIA (FAILURE OF CONSTITUTIONAL MACHINERY) HC Deb 16 April 1946 vol 421 cc2586-92". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). 16 April 1946. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  7. ^ Kaliyaperumal, M (1992). The office of the speaker in Tamilnadu : A study (PDF). Madras University. p. 91. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011.
  8. ^ a b c "The State Legislature – Origin and Evolution". Assembly.tn.gov.in. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  9. ^ "1952 Election" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 September 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  10. ^ "The Representation of People Act, 1950" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 August 2015. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  11. ^ "Constituent Assembly of India Debates Vol IV, Friday the 18th July 1947" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 July 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  12. ^ Hasan, Zoya; Sridharan, Eswaran; Sudharshan, R (2005). India's living constitution: ideas, practices, controversies. Anthem Press. pp. 360–63. ISBN 978-1-84331-136-2.
  13. ^ Karthikeyan, Ajitha (22 July 2008). "TN govt's new office complex faces flak". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  14. ^ S. Muthiah (28 July 2008). "From Assembly to theatre". The Hindu.
  15. ^ "A Review of the Madras Legislative Assembly (1952–1957) : Section I, Chapter 2" (PDF). Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 September 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  16. ^ a b S, Murari (15 January 2010). "Tamil Nadu Assembly bids goodbye to Fort St George, to move into new complex". Asian Tribune. Archived from the original on 16 January 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  17. ^ Ramakrishnan, T. (19 April 2008). "New Assembly complex to have high-rise building". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 22 April 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2010.
  18. ^ Ramakrishnan, T (13 March 2010). "Another milestone in Tamil Nadu's legislative history". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
  19. ^ Ramakrishnan, T (11 March 2010). "State-of-the-art Secretariat draws on Tamil Nadu's democratic traditions". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 March 2010.
  20. ^ "Jaya picks historic seat of power: Fort St George". The Times of India. 15 May 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  21. ^ "Jayalalitha to bring back Fort St George as TN secretariat". Deccanherald.com. 15 May 2011. Archived from the original on 30 August 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  22. ^ "Jayalalithaa, 33 ministers to be sworn in on Monday : Fort St George". Rediff.com. 15 May 2011. Archived from the original on 2 November 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  23. ^ "Tamil Nadu Election Results 2021: Here's full list of winners". CNBCTV18. 3 May 2021. Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  24. ^ "Tamil Nadu Election Results 2021: Full list of winners". www.indiatvnews.com. 2 May 2021. Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  25. ^ "Tamil Nadu: Minister K Ponmudy Disqualified After Madras HC Sentences Him & Wife To 3 Years Rigorous Imprisonment In Corruption Case". Free Press Journal. 21 December 2023. Retrieved 22 December 2023.