Virudhunagar district
Award City
Virudhunagar district
Location in Tamil Nadu
Coordinates: 9°36′N 78°00′E / 9.6°N 78°E / 9.6; 78
Country India
State Tamil Nadu
Panchayat Unions (Blocks)11
Established15 March 1985
Administrative headquartersVirudhunagar
TalukasAruppukkottai, Kariapatti, Rajapalayam, Sattur, Sivakasi, Srivilliputhur, Tiruchuli, Vembakottai, Virudhunagar, Watrap
 • CollectorDr. V P Jeyaseelan IAS
 • Superintendent of PoliceThiru. Srinivasa Perumal, M.A., M.B.A, IPS
 • Total4,288 km2 (1,656 sq mi)
 • Rank13
Highest elevation
187 m (614 ft)
Lowest elevation
69 m (226 ft)
 • Total1,942,288
 • Rank15 (Tamilnadu)
 • Density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code04562
ISO 3166 code[[ISO 3166-2:IN|]]
Vehicle registrationTN 67(Virudhunagar), TN 84(Srivilliputtur) TN 67W(Aruppukottai), TN 95(Sivakasi)
Central location:9°35′N 77°57′E / 9.583°N 77.950°E / 9.583; 77.950

Virudhunagar District is a district (an administrative district) of Tamil Nadu state in south India. Virudhunagar is the district headquarters of Virudhunagar district. Virudhunagar district was formed by the separation of Old Ramanathapuram District G.O passed on 08,March 1985 & formed in 15,March 1985 into Ramanathapuram District, Sivagangai District and the west part as Virudhunagar District. Virudhunagar District was formerly called Karmavirer Kamarajar District. As of 2011, Virudhunagar district had a population of 1,942,288 with a sex-ratio of 1,007 females for every 1,000 males. Sivakasi is the most populous and largest city in the district.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Religions in Virudhunagar district (2011)[2]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

According to 2011 census, Virudhunagar district had a population of 1,942,288,[3] up from 1,751,301 in 2001,[4] or about an 11% increase. The sex-ratio was 1,007 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929,[3] but down from 1,012 in 2001.[4] A total of 197,134 were under the age of six, constituting 100,827 males and 96,307 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 20.59% and 0.12% of the population, respectively. The average literacy of the district was 72.02%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[3] The district had a total of 537,748 households. There were a total of 950,158 workers, comprising 52,361 cultivators, 168,174 main agricultural labourers, 30,292 in house hold industries, 603,239 other workers, 96,092 marginal workers, 4,792 marginal cultivators, 40,528 marginal agricultural labourers, 5,006 marginal workers in household industries and 45,766 other marginal workers.[3]

Languages of Virudhunagar district (2011)[5]

  Tamil (89.51%)
  Telugu (8.87%)
  Kannada (1.35%)
  Others (0.27%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 89.51% of the population spoke Tamil, 8.87% Telugu and 1.35% Kannada as their first language.[5]


River Basins in Virudhunagar district. Dark green shaded region shows the drainage basins.
Relief map of Virudhunagar district. Western Ghats appear left hand side as brightly shaded region.

The district is bounded by Sivagangai district and Madurai district on the north, Tenkasi district and Tuticorin District to the south and Ramanathapuram District on east Theni district to the northwest and Idukki district of Kerala to the west.


This section is transcluded from 16th Tamil Nadu Assembly. (edit | history)

District No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
Virudhunagar 202 Rajapalayam S. Thangappandian Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
203 Srivilliputhur (SC) E. M. Manraj All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam None
204 Sattur A. R. R. Raghumaran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK) SPA
205 Sivakasi A. M. S. G. Ashokan Indian National Congress SPA
206 Virudhunagar A. R. R. Seenivasan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
207 Aruppukkottai K. K. S. S. R. Ramachandran Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA
208 Tiruchuli Thangam Thennarasu Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam SPA


The district is divided into three revenue divisions - Sivakasi, Sattur and Aruppukottai.

The district comprises ten taluks: Aruppukkottai, Kariapatti, Rajapalayam, Sattur, Sivakasi, Srivilliputhur, Tiruchuli, Vembakottai, Virudhunagar and Watrap.[8] In total there are 600 revenue villages in this district.

This district has nine town panchayats – Seithur, Vathirairuppu, Chettiarpatti, Kariapatti, Mamsapuram, Sundarapandiam, Mallankinaru, S.Kodikulam and W.Pudupatti.

The Parliamentary Constituency number of Virudhunagar District is 34.


Virudhunagar district is leading in the country in the match industry, fireworks and printing, mostly concentrated in and around Sivakasi.[citation needed] Virudhunagar is the main market for oil, chicory, coffee seeds, dry chillies and pulses.[citation needed] There are two trade centres (Godowns) in the District one in Virudhunagar and another in Rajapalayam. Ginning factories, spinning mills, power loom and hand loom industries are also present in the district at Rajapalayam the second big weaving town in the state after Coimbatore.[citation needed] One of the cement plants of Ramco Cements Ltd is located in RR Nagar[9] near Viudhunagar another one located at Alankulam of Sivakasi Taluk.[citation needed]. In 2018, Government of India classifies Virudhunagar as one of the 112 most underdeveloped district across the country and brought it under Aspirational Districts Programme Phase 1.[10]

See also


  1. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  2. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Tamil Nadu". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d "District Census Handbook 2011 - Virudhunagar" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  4. ^ a b "Census of India 2001: Basic Data Sheet: District Virudhunagar" (PDF). Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 September 2012.
  5. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Tamil Nadu". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  6. ^ "Tamil Nadu Election Results 2021: Here's full list of winners". CNBCTV18. 3 May 2021. Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  7. ^ "Tamil Nadu Election Results 2021: Full list of winners". 2 May 2021. Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  8. ^ "NPR Report: Tamil Nadu: Virudhunagar". National Population Register, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Archived from the original on 16 July 2014.
  9. ^ "Cements | India Cements | Ramco Cements | Cement | Best Cement in India | | Cements share price | Cements of India | Cement of India | Good Cement | Cement manufacturing company India | Cement Company | Cement manufacture | Indian Cement". Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Aspirational Districts Programme | NITI Aayog". Retrieved 28 September 2023.