Meghalaya Legislative Assembly
10th Meghalaya Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Term limits
5 years
Deputy Speaker
Leader of the Opposition
Meghalaya Legislative Assembly Updated.svg
Political groups
Government (46)
MDA (46)
  •   NPP (23)
  •   UDP (8)
  •   PDF (4)
  •   BJP (2)
  •   HSPDP (2)
  •   IND (7)[1]

Opposition (12)

Others (2)

First past the post
Last election
27 February 2018
Next election
February 2023
Meeting place
Vidhana Bhavan, Shillong, Meghalaya, India

The Meghalaya Legislative Assembly is the unicameral legislature of the Indian state of Meghalaya.[3]

Constituted as a directly elected body in 1972, it has 60 members, filled through direct elections held every five years.[3] Like other Indian states, Meghalaya has a parliamentary system of government. The executive branch of the Meghalaya Government is derived from the Legislative Assembly.


In independent India, the areas now constituting the state of Meghalaya were part of the state of Assam and represented in the Assam Legislative Assembly. The Indian Parliament passed the Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act in 1969, which led to the establishment of an autonomous state of Meghalaya within Assam on 2 April 1970.[3][4] A legislature of 37 members for the new autonomous state was established, with representatives elected indirectly by the autonomous direct councils.[3][4] The first sitting of the assembly took place in Tura on 14 April 1970. In 1971, the Indian Parliament passed the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, which converted Meghalaya from an autonomous state within Assam to a full member state of the Indian Union.[3] The State of Meghalaya was officially formed on 21 January 1972.[3] The Legislative Assembly was then reconstituted as a directly elected body.[citation needed]

The regions of Meghalaya are represented in the Assembly, with 29 members elected from Khasi Hills, 7 from Jaintia Hills and 24 from Garo Hills.[5]

List of Assemblies

The following is the list of all the Meghalaya Legislative Assemblies:[6]

Assembly Term of Assembly Speaker Term of Speaker Leader of House
(Chief Minister)
Term of Leader of House Party of Leader of House[a] Remarks
1st Assembly 1972 1978 R. S. Lyngdoh 25 March 1972 1978 Williamson A. Sangma 18 March 1972 21 November 1976 All Party Hill Leaders Conference (APHLC) ---
22 November 1976 3 March 1978 Indian National Congress (INC)
2nd Assembly 1978 1983 W. Syiemiong 20 March 1978 1983 D. D. Pugh 10 March 1978 6 May 1979 APHLC ---
B. B. Lyngdoh 7 May 1979 7 May 1981 APHLC
Williamson A. Sangma 7 May 1981 24 February 1983 INC
3rd Assembly 1983 1988 E. K. Mawlong 9 March 1983 12 December 1988 B. B. Lyngdoh 2 March 1983 31 March 1983 APHLC ---
Williamson A. Sangma 2 April 1983 5 February 1988 INC
4th Assembly 1988 1993 P. G. Marbaniang 24 February 1988 15 December 1989 Purno A. Sangma 6 February 1988 25 March 1990 INC ---
P. R. Kyndiah 20 December 1989 1993 B. B. Lyngdoh 26 March 1990 10 October 1991 Hill People's Union
President's Rule[b] 11 October 1991 5 February 1992 NA
P. R. Kyndiah 20 December 1989 1993 D.D. Lapang 5 February 1992 19 February 1993 INC
5th Assembly 1993 1998 J. D. Rymbai 12 October 1993 17 April 1997 S. C. Marak 19 February 1993 27 February 1998 INC ---
Monindra Rava 22 July 1997 6 March 1998
6th Assembly 1998 2003 E. K. Mawlong 10 March 1998 8 March 2000 S. C. Marak 27 February 1998 10 March 1998 INC Though the Leader was an Independent, the government was a coalition of NCP, etc. Khonglam became the first independent Chief Minister of an Indian state in history.
B. B. Lyngdoh 10 March 1998 14 October 1999 INC
B. B. Lyngdoh 14 October 1999 8 March 2000 United Democratic Party (UDP)
E. D. Marak 20 July 2000 2 March 2003
E. K. Mawlong 8 March 2000 8 December 2001 United Democratic Party (UDP)
F. A. Khonglam 8 December 2001 4 March 2003 Independent
7th Assembly 2003 2008 M. M. Danggo 12 March 2003 7 March 2008 D.D. Lapang 4 March 2003 15 June 2006 INC ---
J. D. Rymbai 15 June 2006 10 March 2007 INC
D.D. Lapang 10 March 2007 7 March 2008 INC
8th Assembly 2008 2013 Bindo Lanong 20 March 2008 15 May 2009 D. D. Lapang 10 March 2008 19 March 2008 INC INC got the highest number of seats (25) but since no majority could be secured by it even after gaining 3 Independents' support, Lapang resigned as Chief Minister in less than 10 days. Then a coalition called Meghalaya Progressive Alliance was formed, comprising all non-Congress parties like NCP (15), UDP (11), HSPDP (2), KHNAM (1) and Independents (3), thus 33 in total, to form the government under Roy. However, the coalition barely survived a year and collapsed leading to promulgation of President's Rule. After a month, several parties of the Alliance left and supported Congress to form the government with Lapang again being sworn in as the Chief Minister.
Donkupar Roy 19 March 2008 19 March 2009 United Democratic Party (UDP)
President's Rule[b] 19 March 2009 13 April 2009 NA
Charles Pyngrope 25 May 2009 ? D. D. Lapang 13 April 2009 18 April 2010 INC
Mukul Sangma 20 April 2010 5 March 2013 INC
9th Assembly 2013 2018 A. T. Mondal March 2013 March 2018 Mukul Sangma 5 March 2013 6 March 2018 INC ---
10th Assembly 2018 present Donkupar Roy 6 March 2018 present Conrad Sangma 6 March 2018 present National People's Party (NPP) The NDA government was formed by the coalition of 39 MLA's including NPP (20), UDP (8), PDF (4), HSPDP (2), BJP (2) and (2)Independents with Conrad Sangma as Leader of the House.[8]


The office-bearers of the 10th Legislative Assembly of Meghalaya are:

Designation Name
Speaker Metbah Lyngdoh
Deputy Speaker Timothy Shira
Leader of the House
(Chief Minister)
Conrad Sangma
Leader of the Opposition Mukul Sangma


There are 15 committees in the Legislative Assembly of Meghalaya:[9]

  1. Business Advisory Committee: decides the time-table for assembly functions and for evaluation of legislation.
  2. Committee on Petitions: responsible for examining petitions submitted to the assembly, collecting evidence and preparing reports.
  3. Committee on Public Accounts: examines the budget, appropriations and auditing of state agencies, programmes and government.
  4. Committee on Public Undertakings: responsible for monitoring and improving the workings of public sector undertakings such as government corporations, housing programmes and economic development schemes.
  5. Committee on Estimates: evaluates statistics and estimates to improve the efficiency and administration of various government functions, agencies and programmes.
  6. Committee Welfare of the Scheduled Tribes & Scheduled Castes: responsible for monitoring programmes aimed for the economic and social development of the scheduled castes, tribes and backward classes residing in the state of Meghalaya.
  7. Committee of Privileges: examines any issues and violations of the privileges, conduct and benefits given to members of the assembly.
  8. Committee on Subordinate Legislation: monitors if the state government's functions and legislation comply with the state constitution.
  9. Committee on Government Assurances: monitors the reliability and fulfillment of targets and promises made by the chief minister and cabinet ministers.
  10. Rules Committee: maintains the rules of business and code of conduct for members of the assembly.
  11. House Committee: oversees the amenities for members of the assembly such as housing, food, health-care and transport.
  12. Library Committee: is responsible for the maintenance and development of the state government and assembly library.
  13. Select Committee: is charged with the examination and development of specific legislation, preparing it for final passage.
  14. Committee on the Empowerment of Women: oversees schemes and programmes aimed to increase representation of women in society and economic sectors.
  15. Budget Committee: examines budget proposals for various organs and departments of the state government.

Members of Legislative Assembly

No. Constituency Name Party Remarks
West Jaintia Hills District
1 Nartiang Sniawbhalang Dhar National People's Party
2 Jowai Wailadmiki Shylla National People's Party
3 Raliang Comingone Ymbon National People's Party
4 Mowkaiaw Nujorki Sungoh United Democratic Party
East Jaintia Hills District
5 Sutnga Saipung Shitlang Pale All India Trinamool Congress Switched from INC to AITC[2]
6 Khliehriat Kyrmen Shylla United Democratic Party
West Jaintia Hills District
7 Amlarem Lahkmen Rymbui United Democratic Party
Ri Bhoi District
8 Mawhati Dasakhiatbha Lamare National People's Party
9 Nongpoh Mayralborn Syiem Independent Suspended by INC[1]
10 Jirang Sosthenes Sohtun National People's Party
11 Umsning Jason Sawkmie Mawlong People's Democratic Front
12 Umroi George Bankyntiewlang Lyngdoh All India Trinamool Congress Switched from INC to AITC[2]
East Khasi Hills District
13 Mawryngkneng Pyniaid Sing Syiem National People's Party Won in 2021 bypoll necessitated after the death of David Nongrum
14 Pynthorumkhrah Alexander Laloo Hek Bharatiya Janata Party
15 Mawlai Process T. Sawkmie Independent Suspended by INC[1]
16 East Shillong Ampareen Lyngdoh Independent Suspended by INC[1]
17 North Shillong Adelbert Nongrum Khun Hynniewtrep National Awakening Movement
18 West Shillong Mohendro Rapsang Independent Suspended by INC[1]
19 South Shillong Sanbor Shullai Bharatiya Janata Party
20 Mylliem Hamletson Dohling People's Democratic Front
21 Nongthymmai Charles Pyngrope All India Trinamool Congress Switched from INC to AITC[2]
22 Nongkrem Lambor Malngiang Independent
23 Sohiong Samlin Malngiang Hill State People's Democratic Party
24 Mawphlang Eugeneson Lyngdoh United Democratic Party Won in 2021 bypoll necessitated after the death of Syntar Klas Sunn
25 Mawsynram Himalaya Muktan Shangpliang All India Trinamool Congress Switched from INC to AITC[2]
26 Shella Balajiedkupar Synrem United Democratic Party Won in 2019 bypoll necessitated after the death of Donkupar Roy
27 Pynursla Prestone Tynsong National People's Party
28 Sohra Gavin Miguel Mylliem People's Democratic Front
29 Mawkynrew Banteidor Lyngdoh People's Democratic Front
West Khasi Hills District
30 Mairang Metbah Lyngdoh United Democratic Party
31 Mawthadraishan Brolding Nongsiej United Democratic Party
32 Nongstoin Macmillan Byrsat National People's Party
33 Rambrai-Jyrngam Kimfa Sidney Marbaniang Independent Suspended by INC[1]
34 Mawshynrut Gigur Myrthong National People's Party
South West Khasi Hills District
35 Ranikor Piyus Marwein United Democratic Party Won in 2018 bypoll necessitated after resignation by Martin Danggo
36 Mawkyrwat Renikton Lyngdoh Tongkhar Hill State People's Democratic Party
North Garo Hills District
37 Kharkutta Rupert Momin National People's Party
38 Mendipathar Marthon Sangma All India Trinamool Congress Switched from INC to AITC[2]
39 Resubelpara Timothy Shira National People's Party
40 Bajengdoba Pongseng Marak National People's Party
South West Garo Hills District
41 Songsak Dr. Mukul Sangma All India Trinamool Congress Switched from INC to AITC[2]
East Garo Hills District
42 Rongjeng Jim Sangma National People's Party
43 Williamnagar Marcuise N. Marak[10] National People's Party
West Garo Hills District
44 Raksamgre Benedic Marak National People's Party
45 Tikrikilla Jimmy Sangma All India Trinamool Congress Switched from INC to AITC[2]
46 Phulbari S. G. Esmatur Mominin National People's Party
47 Rajabala Abdus Saleh National People's Party Won in 2021 bypoll necessitated after the death of Azad Zaman
48 Selsella Ferlin C. A. Sangma National People's Party Won in 2019 bypoll necessitated after the death of Clement Marak
49 Dadenggre James Pangsang Kongkal Sangma National People's Party
50 North Tura Thomas Sangma National People's Party
51 South Tura Conrad Sangma National People's Party Won in 2018 bypoll necessitated after resignation by Agatha Sangma
South West Garo Hills District
52 Rangsakona Zenith Sangma All India Trinamool Congress Switched from INC to AITC[2]
53 Ampati Miani D. Shira All India Trinamool Congress Switched from INC to AITC[2]
West Garo Hills District
54 Mahendraganj Dikkanchi Shira All India Trinamool Congress Switched from INC to AITC[2]
South West Garo Hills District
55 Salmanpara Winnerson Sangma All India Trinamool Congress Switched from INC to AITC[2]
West Garo Hills District
56 Gambegre Saleng Sangma Nationalist Congress Party
57 Dalu Brening Sangma National People's Party
South Garo Hills District
58 Rongara Siju Rakkam Sangma National People's Party
59 Chokpot Lazarus Sangma All India Trinamool Congress Switched from INC to AITC[2]
60 Baghmara Samuel Sangma Independent


  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[7]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "5 Cong MLAs suspended for 3 years". The Meghalayan. 27 April 2022. Retrieved 31 August 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Congress mulls legal action as 12 MLAs join TMC, make it main opposition in Meghalaya". The Times of India. 26 November 2021. Retrieved 29 November 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Meghalaya Legislative Assembly". National Informatics Centre.
  4. ^ a b Hamlet Bareh (2001). Encyclopaedia of North-East India: Meghalaya. Mittal Publications. pp. 9–12. ISBN 978-81-7099-791-7.
  5. ^ "Homepage: Office of the Chief Electoral Officer, Government of Meghalaya". Chief Electoral Officer, Government of Meghalaya.
  6. ^ "Meghalaya Legislature, Mumbai" (PDF). Legislative Bodies in India website. Retrieved 13 November 2010.
  7. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". 15 March 2005.
  8. ^ "Meghalaya bypolls: MDA ties up with NPP, UDP after parties win by-elections, increases tally to 39 seats". Firstpost. 27 August 2018.
  9. ^ "Meghalaya Legislative Assembly Committees". National Informatics Centre.
  10. ^ "Final Result Sheet - Election to the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly from the 43-Williamnagar(ST) Assembly Constituency" (PDF). Retrieved 31 January 2021.