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Member of Parliament
Rajya Sabha, the meeting place of the members.
April 2023
Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
  • Honourable (Inside India)
  • His/Her Excellency (Outside India)
TypeUpper house of the Parliament of India
Member ofRajya Sabha
Reports toVice President of India
ResidenceRajya Sabha chamber, Sansad Bhavan, Sansad Marg, New Delhi, India – 110001
SeatParliament of India
Term length6 years; renewable
Constituting instrumentFourth schedule to the Constitution of India
Formation26 January 1950; 74 years ago (1950-01-26)
DeputyMember of Parliament, Lok Sabha
Salary400,000 (US$4,800)
(incl. allowances) per month[1]

A Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha (abbreviated: MP) is the representative of the Indian states to one of the two houses of the Parliament of India (Rajya Sabha). Rajya Sabha MPs are elected by the electoral college of the elected members of the State Assembly with a system of proportional representation by a single transferable vote. The Parliament of India is bicameral with two houses; Rajya Sabha (Upper house i.e. Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (Lower house i.e. House of the People). Compared to the Lok Sabha, the Rajya Sabha has fewer members and its members have more restricted power.[2] Unlike the Lok Sabha, the Rajya Sabha is a permanent body and cannot be dissolved at any time. However every second year, one third of the members are retired and the vacancies are filled by fresh elections and Presidential nomination at the beginning of every third year.[3]

Responsibilities of the members of parliament

Broad responsibilities of the members of parliament of Rajya Sabha are:

Special powers

Members of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha enjoy special powers and responsibilities with regard to:


Unlike Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha can not be dissolved and is a permanent body, therefore members usually get chances to serve their full tenure unless they resign or vacate the seat due to death. One third of its members retire every two years. So each member has a term of six years[3]

Qualifications for being a member of parliament

A person must satisfy all following conditions to be qualified to become a member of parliament of the Rajya Sabha:

Disqualifications for being a member of parliament

A person would be ineligible for being a Member of the Rajya Sabha if the person:


Membership in the Rajya Sabha is limited to 250 members, and up to 238 members are elected by the members of all the Vidhan Sabhas (individual state legislatures) and up to 12 are nominated by the President for their contributions to art, literature, science, and social services. The strength can be lower than 250: the current one is at 245. (See next section on members.)

Members of the Rajya Sabha

Main article: List of current members of the Rajya Sabha

See also


  1. ^ "Salaries, allowances and facilities to Members" (PDF). Lok Sabha website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 August 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  2. ^ "Member of Parliament". Retrieved 17 July 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d "The Indian Parliament". PRS Legislative Research. Archived from the original on 10 June 2018. Retrieved 17 July 2016.