This is a List of presidents of India, from the independence of India in 1947 to the present day. The current head of state of India is Droupadi Murmu, elected in 2022 after being nominated by the National Democratic Alliance and its leading party the Bharatiya Janata Party, the largest party in the parliament and the party led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

From 1947 to 1950, the head of state under the Indian Independence Act 1947 was King of India,[1][2] who was also the monarch of the United Kingdom and of the other Dominions of the British Commonwealth. The monarch was represented in India by a governor-general. India became a republic under the Constitution of 1950 and the monarch and governor-general were replaced by a ceremonial president.


Governor-General

The Governor-General was the representative of the Monarch in India and exercised most of the powers of the Monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the Monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of India without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

Governor-General
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Tenure Monarch Prime Minister
Took office Left office
1 The Rt. Hon. The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
(1900–1979)
15 August 1947 21 June 1948 George VI Nehru
2 Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
(1878–1972)
21 June 1948 26 January 1950

List

  Acting President
   President was an Independent candidate (4)
  President was a candidate of Indian National Congress (INC) (8)
  President was a candidate of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) (2)
  President was a candidate of the Janata Party (JP) (1)
Key

-Died in office
Did not complete assigned term-Resigned

President
(birth–death)
Portrait Tenure Elected Political affiliation

(at time of appointment)

Vice president
Took office Left office
  1 Rajendra Prasad
(1884–1963)
26 January 1950 13 May 1962 1952
1957
Indian National Congress Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
2 Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
(1888–1975)
13 May 1962 13 May 1967 1962 Independent Zakir Husain
3 Zakir Husain
(1897–1969)
13 May 1967 3 May 1969
(died in office.)
1967 Independent V. V. Giri
4 V. V. Giri
(1894–1980)
3 May 1969 20 July 1969 1969 Independent
5 Mohammad Hidayatullah
(1905–1992)
20 July 1969 24 August 1969 1969 Independent
(4) V. V. Giri
(1894–1980)
24 August 1969 24 August 1973 1969 Independent Gopal Swarup Pathak
Gopal Swarup Pathak
(1896–1982)
24 August 1973 24 August 1973 Independent Gopal Swarup Pathak
(4) V. V. Giri

(1894–1980)

24 August 1973 24 August 1974 Independent Gopal Swarup Pathak
  6 Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
(1905–1977)
24 August 1974 11 February 1977
(died in office.)
1974 Indian National Congress Gopal Swarup Pathak

B. D. Jatti

  7 B. D. Jatti
(1912–2002)
11 February 1977 25 July 1977
Indian National Congress B. D. Jatti
  8 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
(1913–1996)
25 July 1977 25 July 1982 1977 Janata Party B. D. Jatti

Mohammad Hidayatullah

 9 Giani Zail Singh
(1916–1994)
25 July 1982 25 July 1983 1982 Indian National Congress Mohammad Hidayatullah
  (5) Mohammad Hidayatullah
(1905–1992)
25 July 1983 25 July 1983 Indian National Congress
  (9) Giani Zail Singh
(1916–1994)
25 July 1983 25 July 1984 Indian National Congress
  (5) Mohammad Hidayatullah
(1905–1992)
25 July 1984 25 July 1984 Indian National Congress
  (9) Giani Zail Singh
(1916–1994)
25 July 1984 25 July 1987 Indian National Congress Ramaswamy Venkataraman
  10 R. Venkataraman
(1910–2009)
25 July 1987 25 July 1992 1987 Indian National Congress Shankar Dayal Sharma
  11 Shankar Dayal Sharma
(1918–1999)
25 July 1992 25 July 1997 1992 Indian National Congress K. R. Narayanan
  12 K. R. Narayanan
(1920–2005)
25 July 1997 25 July 2000 1997 Indian National Congress Krishan Kant
 – Krishan Kant

(1927–2002)

25 July 2000 25 July 2000 Indian National Congress Krishan Kant
 (12) K. R. Narayanan

(1920–2005)

25 July 2000 25 July 2002 Indian National Congress Krishan Kant
13 A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
(1931–2015)
25 July 2002 25 July 2003 2002 Independent Krishan Kant

Bhairon Singh Shekhawat

Bhairon Singh Shekhawat

(1923–2010)

25 July 2003 25 July 2003 Independent Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
(13) A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

(1931–2015)

25 July 2003 25 July 2007 Independent Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
  14 Pratibha Patil
(1934–)
25 July 2007 25 July 2010 2007 Indian National Congress Mohammad Hamid Ansari
 – Mohammad Hamid Ansari(1937–) 25 July 2010 25 July 2010 Indian National Congress
 (14) Pratibha Patil

(1934–)

25 July 2010 25 July 2012 Indian National Congress
  15 Pranab Mukherjee
(1935–2020)
25 July 2012 25 July 2016 2012 Indian National Congress
 – Mohammad Hamid Ansari(1937–) 25 July 2016 25 July 2016 Indian National Congress Mohammad Hamid Ansari
 (15) Pranab Mukherjee

(1935–2020)

25 July 2016 25 July 2017 Indian National Congress Mohammad Hamid Ansari
  16 Ram Nath Kovind
(1945–)
25 July 2017 25 July 2018 2017 Bharatiya Janata Party Mohammad Hamid Ansari

Venkaiah Naidu

  _ M. Venkaiah Naidu

(1949–)

25 July 2018 25 July 2018 Bharatiya Janata Party Venkaiah Naidu
  (16) Ram Nath Kovind

(1945–)

25 July 2018 25 July 2022 Bharatiya Janata Party Venkaiah Naidu
 17 Droupadi Murmu
(1958-)
25 July 2022 11 August 2022 2022 Bharatiya Janata Party Venkaiah Naidu

Jagdeep Dhankhar

 – Jagdeep Dhankhar

(1951–)

11 August 2022 11 August 2022 Bharatiya Janata Party Jagdeep Dhankhar
 17 Droupadi Murmu
(1958-)
11 August 2022 Incumbent Bharatiya Janata Party Jagdeep Dhankhar

Standards

Living former heads of state

Image Name Term/reign Office Date of birth
Pratibha Patil 2007–2012 President of India (1934-12-19) 19 December 1934 (age 89)
Ram Nath Kovind 2017–2022 President of India (1945-10-01) 1 October 1945 (age 78)

Statistics

Representation of presidents by party of candidacy

  Indian National Congress (53.33%)
  Independent (26.67%)
  Bharatiya Janata Party (13.33%)
  Janata Party (6.67%)
Timeline
Droupadi MurmuRam Nath KovindPranab MukherjeePratibha PatilA. P. J. Abdul KalamKocheril Raman NarayananShankar Dayal SharmaRamaswamy VenkataramanZail SinghNeelam Sanjiva ReddyBasappa Danappa JattiFakhruddin Ali AhmedVarahagiri Venkata GiriMohammad HidayatullahVarahagiri Venkata GiriZakir Husain (politician)Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanRajendra Prasad

See also

Citations

  1. ^ The Contemporary Commonwealth: An Assessment 1965-2009, Taylor & Francis, 2009, p. 22, ISBN 9781135238308, On independence in 1947, George VI became 'King of India' until the adoption of republican status in 1950.
  2. ^ Jawaharlal Nehru (1991), Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru: 21 June to 15 August 1949, Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund, p. 363, King George was in effect King of India and it was as such that he functioned as the Head of the Indian State. He did not function in India as the King of England.

References