Chief Minister's house of Karnataka
Karnāṭakada Mukhya Mantri
Incumbent
Siddaramaiah
since 20 May 2023
Government of Karnataka
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
Mr./Mrs. Chief Minister (Informal)
TypeHead of Government
StatusLeader of the Executive
AbbreviationCM
Member of
Reports to
ResidenceAnugraha, Bangalore
SeatVidhana Soudha
NominatorMembers of the Government of Karnataka in Karnataka Legislative Assembly
AppointerGovernor of Karnataka by convention based on appointees ability to command confidence in the Karnataka Legislative Assembly
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
Chief minister's term is for 5 years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
PrecursorDewan of Mysore
Inaugural holder
Formation1 November 1956 (67 years ago) (1956-11-01)
DeputyDeputy Chief Minister of Karnataka
Salary
  • 200,000 (US$2,500)/monthly
  • 2,400,000 (US$30,000)/annually
Websitecm.karnataka.gov.in

Chief minister of Karnataka is the chief executive officer of the government of the Indian state of Karnataka. As per the Constitution of India, the governor of Karnataka is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister, a template applicable to all other Indian states. Following elections to the Karnataka Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the political party (or a coalition of political parties) with a majority of assembly seats to form the government in the state. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he/she has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years, renewable, and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Historically, this office replaced that of the dewan of Mysore of the erstwhile Kingdom of Mysore with India's constitution into a republic. Since 1947, there have been a total of twenty-three chief ministers of Mysore (as the state was known before 1 November 1973) and Karnataka. A majority of them belonged to the Indian National Congress (INC) party, including the inaugural officeholder K. C. Reddy. The longest-serving chief minister, D. Devaraj Urs, held the office for over seven years in the 1970s. INC's Veerendra Patil had the largest gap between two terms (over eighteen years). One chief minister, H. D. Deve Gowda, went on to become the eleventh prime minister of India, whereas another, B. D. Jatti, served as the country's fifth vice president. B. S. Yediyurappa who was the first chief minister from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), served as the chief minister of the state for four terms in 2007, 2008, 2018 and 2019, the only one to do so. S. R. Bommai served as the chief minister representing the Janata Parivar, whose son Basavaraj Bommai became chief minister representing the BJP in 2021 becoming the second father-son duo to serve office after HD Deve Gowda and HD Kumaraswamy. There have been six instances of president's rule in Karnataka, most recently from 2007 to 2008.

Prime ministers of Mysore State

#[a] Portarit Name Constituency Term[2]
(tenure length)
Assembly[3]
(election)
Party[b]
1 K. Chengalaraya Reddy N/A 25 October 1947 26 January 1950 2 years, 93 days Not established yet Indian National Congress

Chief ministers of Mysore State

#[c] Portarit Name Constituency Term[2]
(tenure length)
Assembly[3]
(election)
Party[d]
1 K. Chengalaraya Reddy N/A 26 January 1950 30 March 1952 2 years, 64 days Not established yet Indian National Congress
2 Kengal Hanumanthaiah Ramanagara 30 March 1952 19 August 1956 4 years, 142 days 1st
(1952 election)
continued...
3 Kadidal Manjappa Tirthahalli 19 August 1956 31 October 1956 73 days

Chief ministers of Karnataka

#[e] Portrait Name Constituency Term[2] Assembly[3]
(election)
Party[f]
Chief Minister of Mysore (following the state's reorganization)[g]
4 S. Nijalingappa Molakalmuru 1 November 1956 16 May 1958 1 year, 197 days ...continued
1st
(1952)
Indian National Congress
2nd
(1957)
5 B. D. Jatti Jamkhandi 16 May 1958 14 March 1962 3 years, 302 days
6 S. R. Kanthi Hungud 14 March 1962 21 June 1962 99 days 3rd
(1962)
(4) S. Nijalingappa Shiggaon 21 June 1962 29 May 1968 5 years, 343 days
Bagalkot 4th
(1967)
7 Veerendra Patil Chincholi 29 May 1968 18 March 1971 2 years, 293 days Indian National Congress (O)
Vacant[h]
(President's rule)
N/A 19 March 1971 20 March 1972 1 year, 1 day Dissolved N/A
8 D. Devaraj Urs Hunasuru 20 March 1972 31 October 1973 1 year, 225 days 5th
(1972)
Indian National Congress (R)
Chief Minister of Karnataka[i]
(8) D. Devaraj Urs Hunasuru 1 November 1973 31 December 1977 4 years, 60 days ...continued
5th
(1972)
Indian National Congress (R)
Vacant[h]
(President's rule)
N/A 31 December 1977 28 February 1978 59 days Dissolved N/A
(8) D. Devaraj Urs Hunasuru 28 February 1978 12 January 1980 1 year, 318 days 6th
(1978)
Indian National Congress (I)
9 R. Gundu Rao Somwarpet 12 January 1980 6 January 1983 2 years, 363 days
10 Ramakrishna Hegde Kanakpura 10 January 1983 7 March 1985[j] 5 years, 216 days 7th
(1983)
Janata Party
Basavanagudi 8 March 1985 13 August 1988[k] 8th
(1985)
11 S. R. Bommai Hubli Rural 13 August 1988 21 April 1989 281 days
Vacant[h]
(President's rule)
N/A 21 April 1989 30 November 1989 193 days Dissolved N/A
(7) Veerendra Patil Chincholi 30 November 1989 10 October 1990 314 days 9th
(1989)
Indian National Congress
Vacant[h]
(President's rule)
N/A 10 October 1990 17 October 1990 7 days N/A
12 Sarekoppa Bangarappa Soraba 17 October 1990 19 November 1992 2 years, 33 days Indian National Congress
13 Veerappa Moily Karkala 19 November 1992 11 December 1994 2 years, 22 days
14 H. D. Deve Gowda Ramanagara 11 December 1994 31 May 1996 1 year, 172 days 10th
(1994)
Janata Dal
15 J. H. Patel Channagiri 31 May 1996 11 October 1999 3 years, 133 days
16 S. M. Krishna Maddur 11 October 1999 28 May 2004 4 years, 230 days 11th
(1999)
Indian National Congress
17 Dharam Singh Jevargi 28 May 2004 28 Janauary 2006 1 year, 251 days 12th
(2004)
18 H. D. Kumaraswamy Ramanagara 3 February 2006 8 October 2007 1 year, 247 days Janata Dal (Secular)
Vacant[h]
(President's rule)
N/A 8 October 2007 12 November 2007 35 days N/A
19 B. S. Yediyurappa Shikaripura 12 November 2007 19 November 2007 7 days Bharatiya Janata Party
Vacant[h]
(President's rule)
N/A 20 November 2007 29 May 2008 191 days Dissolved N/A
(19) B. S. Yediyurappa Shikaripura 30 May 2008 5 August 2011 3 years, 67 days 13th
(2008)
Bharatiya Janata Party
20 Sadananda Gowda MLC 5 August 2011 12 July 2012 342 days
21 Jagadish Shettar Hubli-Dharwad-Central 12 July 2012 13 May 2013 305 days
22 The_Chief_Minister_of_Karnataka_Siddaramaiah_visits_PMO Siddaramaiah Varuna 13 May 2013 17 May 2018 5 years, 4 days 14th
(2013)
Indian National Congress
(19) B. S. Yediyurappa Shikaripura 17 May 2018 20 May 2018 3 days 15th
(2018)
Bharatiya Janata Party
(18) H. D. Kumaraswamy Channapatna 23 May 2018 23 July 2019 1 year, 61 days Janata Dal (Secular)
(19) B. S. Yediyurappa Shikaripura 26 July 2019 28 July 2021 2 years, 2 days Bharatiya Janata Party
23 Basavaraj Bommai Shiggaon 28 July 2021 20 May 2023 1 year, 296 days
(22) The_Chief_Minister_of_Karnataka_Siddaramaiah_visits_PMO Siddaramaiah Varuna 20 May 2023 Incumbent 280 days 16th
(2023)
Indian National Congress

See also

Notes

  1. ^ A parenthetical number indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  2. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  3. ^ A parenthetical number indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  4. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  5. ^ A parenthetical number indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  6. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  7. ^ On 1 November 1956, via the States Reorganisation Act, Mysore State was significantly expanded along linguistic lines. The Kannada-speaking districts of Bombay, Hyderabad and Madras states, as well as the entirety of Coorg, were added to it.[4]
  8. ^ a b c d e f President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[5]
  9. ^ On 1 November 1973, via the Mysore State (Alteration of Name) Act, Mysore State was renamed as Karnataka.[4] Thus, Devaraj Urs was Chief Minister of Mysore between 20 March 1972 and 31 October 1973, and Chief Minister of Karnataka after that.
  10. ^ According to Frontline magazine, "Following the poor performance of the Janata Party in the 1984 [general] elections (it won only four out of the 28 seats), Hegde resigned because his party had lost its popular mandate. Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi allowed him to head a caretaker government. In the 1985 [assembly] elections, the Janata Party came to power with a comfortable majority."[6]
  11. ^ According to Frontline, Hegde resigned "in February 1986 when the Karnataka High Court censured his government for the way it handled arrack bottling contracts".[6] He withdrew his resignation after a couple of days, "following pressure from his party legislators".[7]

References

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu (1960). Introduction to the Constitution of India. Nagpur: LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa. pp. 241, 245. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9.
  2. ^ a b c Chief Ministers of Karnataka since 1947. Karnataka Legislative Assembly. Archived on 6 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Assemblies from 1952. Karnataka Legislative Assembly. Archived on 6 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b M. S. Prabhakara. "New names for old". The Hindu. 24 July 2007.
  5. ^ K. Diwanji, Amberish (15 March 2005). "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com.
  6. ^ a b Menon, Parvathi (13 February 2004). "A politician with elan: Ramakrishna Hegde, 1926–2004". Frontline. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  7. ^ Jayaram, A. (13 January 2004). "Pillar of anti-Congress movement". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 December 2023.