Chief Minister of Odisha
Seal of Odisha.png
NaveenPatnaik.jpg
Incumbent
Naveen Patnaik

since 5 March 2000 (2000-03-05)
Chief Minister's Office
StyleThe Honourable (formal)
Mr. Chief Minister (informal)
StatusHead of government
AbbreviationCM
Member of
Reports to
ResidenceNaveen Nivas, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
SeatLok Seva Bhavan, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
AppointerGovernor of Odisha
by convention, based on appointee's ability to command confidence in the Odisha Legislative Assembly
Term lengthAt the pleasure of the governor
Legislative Assembly term is 5 years unless dissolved sooner
No term limits specified.[1]
PrecursorPrime Minister of Orissa
Inaugural holderHarekrushna Mahatab
Formation1 April 1936
(86 years ago)
 (1936-04-01)
Websitecm.odisha.gov.in

The Chief Minister of Odisha, an Indian state, is the head of the Government of Odisha. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Odisha Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

On 1 April 1936, Orissa Province was formed. The province has been controlled by the King of Paralakhemundi, Maharaja Krishna Chandra Gajapati Narayan Deo. He ruled until July, 1937. Thereafter the All India Congress party leader Bishwanath Das took charge for two more years. Again the King took the control before he finally handed over to Dr. Harekrushna Mahatab in the year 1946. After India got its freedom and constitution was enacted, the state started working in the principles of democracy. Until the first election, Dr. Harekrushna Mahatab continued to be the chief minister of Odisha and then it was taken over by Nabakrushna Choudhury. Here is the list of chief ministers of Odisha since 1946. Since 1946, Odisha has had 14 chief ministers. Serving since 2000, Naveen Patnaik of the Biju Janata Dal is the incumbent chief minister, and the longest-serving one in Odisha's history.

Premiers/Prime Ministers of Orissa

Main article: Prime Minister of Orissa

No Name Portrait Term of office Party Days in office
1 Krushna Chandra Gajapati
Krushna Chandra Gajapati.jpg
1 April 1936 19 July 1937 Independent 109 days
2 Bishwanath Das
Biswanath-Das.jpg
19 July 1937 4 November 1939 Indian National Congress 2 years, 108 days
(1) Krushna Chandra Gajapati
Krushna Chandra Gajapati.jpg
29 November 1941 29 June 1944 Independent 2 years, 213 days
3 Harekrushna Mahatab
Harekrushna Mahatab 2000 stamp of India.jpg
23 April 1946 15 August 1947 Indian National Congress 1 year, 114 days

Chief Ministers of Odisha

Colour key for parties
No Portrait Name Constituency Tenure Assembly

(election)

Party[a]
1
Harekrushna Mahatab 2000 stamp of India.jpg
Harekrushna Mahatab 15 August 1947 12 May 1950 2 years, 270 days Indian National Congress
2
Nabakrushna-Choudhury.jpg
Nabakrushna Choudhuri Barchana 12 May 1950 20 February 1952 6 years, 160 days
20 February 1952 19 October 1956 1st Assembly

(1952 election)

(1)
Harekrushna Mahatab 2000 stamp of India.jpg
Harekrushna Mahatab Soro 19 October 1956 6 April 1957 4 years, 129 days
6 April 1957 22 May 1959
22 May 1959 25 February 1961
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 25 February 1961 23 June 1961 N/A
3
Biju-Patnaik.jpg
Biju Patnaik Choudwar 23 June 1961 2 October 1963 2 years, 101 days Indian National Congress
4
Biren-Mitra.jpg
Biren Mitra Cuttack City 2 October 1963 21 February 1965 1 year, 142 days
5
Sadasiva-Tripathy.jpg
Sadashiva Tripathy Omerkote 21 February 1965 8 March 1967 2 years, 15 days
6
RNS-Deo.jpg
Rajendra Narayan Singh Deo Bolangir 8 March 1967 9 January 1971 3 years, 307 days 4th Assembly

(1967 election)

Swatantra Party
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 11 January 1971 3 April 1971 N/A
7
Biswanath-Das.jpg
Bishwanath Das Rourkela 3 April 1971 14 June 1972 1 year, 72 days 5th Assembly

(1971 election)

Independent
8
Nandini-Satapathy.jpg
Nandini Satpathy 14 June 1972 3 March 1973 262 days Indian National Congress
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 3 March 1973 6 March 1974 N/A
(8)
Nandini-Satapathy.jpg
Nandini Satpathy Dhenkanal 6 March 1974 16 December 1976 2 years, 285 days 6th Assembly

(1974 election)

Indian National Congress
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 16 December 1976 29 December 1976 N/A
9
Binayak Acharya, Former CM, Odisha.jpg
Binayak Acharya Berhampur 29 December 1976 30 April 1977 122 days Indian National Congress
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 30 April 1977 26 June 1977 N/A
10
Nilamani-Routray.jpg
Nilamani Routray Basudevpur 26 June 1977 17 February 1980 2 years, 236 days 7th Assembly

(1977 election)

Janata Party
Emblem of India.svg
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
N/A 17 February 1980 9 June 1980 N/A
11
J B Pattnaik, Governor of Assam.jpg
Janaki Ballabh Patnaik Athagarh 9 June 1980 10 March 1985 9 years, 181 days 8th Assembly

(1980 election)

Indian National Congress
10 March 1985 7 December 1989 9th Assembly

(1985 election)

12
Hemananda-Biswal.jpg
Hemananda Biswal Laikera 7 December 1989 5 March 1990 88 days
(3)
Biju-Patnaik.jpg
Biju Patnaik Bhubaneswar 5 March 1990 15 March 1995 5 years, 10 days

(total 7 years, 111 days)

10th Assembly

(1990 election)

Janata Dal
(11)
J B Pattnaik, Governor of Assam.jpg
Janaki Ballabh Patnaik Begunia 15 March 1995 17 February 1999 3 years, 339 days 11th Assembly

(1995 election)

Indian National Congress
13
Giridhar-Gamang.jpg
Giridhar Gamang Laxmipur 17 February 1999 6 December 1999 292 days
(12)
Hemananda-Biswal.jpg
Hemananda Biswal Laikera 6 December 1999 5 March 2000 90 days

(total 178 days)

14
NaveenPatnaik.jpg
Naveen Patnaik Hinjili 5 March 2000 16 May 2004 22 years, 115 days 12th Assembly

(2000 election)

Biju Janata Dal
16 May 2004 21 May 2009 13th Assembly

(2004 election)

21 May 2009 21 May 2014 14th Assembly

(2009 election)

21 May 2014 29 May 2019 15th Assembly

(2014 election)

29 May 2019 Incumbent 16th Assembly

(2019 election)

Statistics

List by party
Political parties by total time-span of their member holding CMO (28 June 2022)
No. Political party Number of Chief ministers Total days of holding CMO
1 Indian National Congress 11 15486 days
2 Biju Janata Dal 1 8150 days
3 Janata Dal 1 1836 days
4 Independent 2 1496 days
5 Swatantra Party 1 1403 days
6 Janata Party 1 966 days
Parties by total duration (in days) of holding Chief Minister's Office
5,000
10,000
15,000
20,000
INC
BJD
JD
Independent
SP
JP

Living former chief ministers

As of 28 June 2022, there subsists one living former chief minister of Odisha:

The most recent death of a former chief minister was that of Hemananda Biswal on 25 February 2022, aged 82.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c d e f When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Odisha as well.
  2. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005. Retrieved on 3 March 2013.