This article lists monuments and sites of historic importance in Odisha, India.

Prehistoric

Site Date(s) Picture Location Description References
Gudahandi c. 20000 BCE Kalahandi district Rock paintings from upper paleolithic.
Vikramkhol c.3000 BCE Jharsuguda Prehistoric human rock shelter with inscriptions. [1]

Ancient

Singhapura (In Jajpur Dist): Some historians said that it was the capital of Singha Bahu, a Kalinga King who was contemporary of Lord Buddh and Bimbisar of Rajgrih. His exiled son Prince Vijaya established Sinhalese dynasty in Sri Lanka. The Archaeological Survey of India has been requested to excavate this site to unravel the truth.

Site Date(s) Picture Location Description References
Dhauli 262 BCE
Dhauli hillock
Dhauli, Bhubaneswar Site of the Kalinga War [2]
Sisupalgarh c.300 CE
Sisupalagada, Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar
20°13′35.9″N 85°51′11.0″E / 20.226639°N 85.853056°E / 20.226639; 85.853056
Ancient fort [3]
Asurgarh c.9th century BCE Kalahandi Asurgarh is an archaeological site in the Kalahandi district of Odisha, India. Asurgarh is one of the sites which has its beginning in around 8th-9th century BC and emerged as one of the early urban fortified settlements in the region and it is older than Sisupalgarh. Archaeologists have unearthed artefacts believed to be 2,300-year-old while carrying out excavation at the Asurgarh Fort in Odisha’s Kalahandi district. DB Gadanayak, Archaeological Survey of India, says Asurgarh is one of the sites which has its beginning in around 8th-9th century BC and emerged as one of the early urban fortified settlements in the region by the efforts of tribal and non-tribal inhabitants of the region.[4] Lokesh Durga, Department of History of Delhi University, says Asurgarh settlement is older than Sisupalgarh and the first Urbanization process in Odisha started from Asurgarh. [5] [6] [7] [8] [9]
Bindusagar Tank c. 7-8th century CE
Bindusagar
Old Town, Bhubaneswar A ritual tank with a shrine in the centre. [10]
Chausath Yogini Temples c. 9th century CE
Chausath Yogini Temples
Jharial, Bolangir A hypaethral temple for 64 yoginis [11]
Chausathi Jogini Temple 9th century CE
Chausathi Jogini Temple
Hirapur, Khurda Hypaethral temple for 64 Yoginis in the outskirts of Bhubaneswar [12]
Anantashayana Vishnu 9th century CE
Anantashayana Vishnu
Sarang, Dhenkanal 15 metre long rock cut image of Vishnu lying in rest. [13]

Medieval

Site Date(s) Picture Location Description References
Ratnagiri c.10th century
Ratnagiri, Jajpur
Jajpur Buddhist monastery built by the Bhauma-Kara dynasty [14]
Lalitgiri c.10th century
Lalitgiri, Jajpur
Cuttack A group Buddhist monasteries. [15]
Brahmeswara Temple 1058 CE
Brahmeswara Temple, Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar Shiva temple built during reign of the Somavamsis [16]
Jagannath Temple c.1090
Sri Jagannath Temple Puri, Orissa
Puri Vaishnava temple built by Eastern Ganga dynasty kings. [17]
Lingaraja Temple c.1100
Lingaraj Temple, Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar Shiva temple built by Somavamsi kings. [18]
Gundicha Temple 12th century
Gundicha Temple
Puri Built by the Eastern Ganga dynasty. Houses the main idols during the Ratha Yatra festival. [19][20]
Barabati fort c. 1230
Barabati Fort, Cuttack
Cuttack Presumed to have been built by Anangabhimadev III of the Eastern Ganga dynasty [21]
Kapilash Temple 1246
Kapilasa temple, Dhenkanal
Dhenkanal Shiva temple constructed by Narasingha Deva I. [22]
Konark Sun Temple c. 1250
Konark Sun Temple
Konark Supposedly built by king Narasingha Deva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty around 1250. [23]
Ananta Vasudeva Temple c.1278
Ananta Vasudeva Temple, Bhubaneswar
Bhubaneswar Vaishnava temple built by Queen Chandrika, daughter of Anangabhimadeva III, of the Eastern Ganga dynasty [17][24]
Atharanala Bridge c.1300
Atharanala, Puri
Puri
19°49′11″N 85°49′54.1″E / 19.81972°N 85.831694°E / 19.81972; 85.831694
Bridge with 18 arches, purportedly built by Narasingha Deva II of Eastern Ganga Dynasty. [25]
Biraja Temple, Jajpur 13th Century Built originally by Jajati Keshari of Soma Dynasty
Annakoteshvara Temple 16th Century Latadeipur, Gondia, Dhenkanal Shiva temple built during the reign of the Gajapati dynasty [26][27]
Alarnath Temple 1610 AD Brahmagiri, Puri, 752011 [28] [1]
Baladevjew Temple 1707
Baladevjew Temple, Ichhapur, Kendrapara district, Odisha.
Kendrapara Temple built during Maratha occupation of Odisha. [29]
Qadam-e-Rasool 1718 Cuttack Mosque built by Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan. Purportedly contains a Qadam Rasul (footprint of the Prophet Muhammad). [30]

Colonial

Site Date(s) Picture Location Description References
Joranda Gadi Early 20th century
Joranda Gadi, Dhenkanal, Odisha
Joranda, Dhenkanal Contains the samadhi of the founder of the Mahima Dharma sect. [31]
Inchudi 1930 Balasore Site of Salt Satyagraha in the state. [32]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ancient rock art starts to fade out: Engravings in Vikramkhol cave under threat". The Telegraph (India). 27 December 2011. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  2. ^ Subodh Kapoor (2002). Indian Encyclopaedia. Cosmo Publications. p. 1137. ISBN 978-81-7755-257-7. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  3. ^ Paul Yule. Early Historic Sites in Orissa (Delhi 2006) 19-22.
  4. ^ Express News Service, Asurgarh fort settlement belongs to Iron Age, older than Sisupalgarh, 11th April 2022. https://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/2022/apr/11/asurgarh-fort-settlement-belongs-to-iron-age-older-than-sisupalgarh-2440634.html
  5. ^ Express News Service, Asurgarh fort settlement belongs to Iron Age, older than Sisupalgarh, 11th April 2022. https://www.newindianexpress.com/states/odisha/2022/apr/11/asurgarh-fort-settlement-belongs-to-iron-age-older-than-sisupalgarh-2440634.html
  6. ^ Barik, Satyasundar, (APRIL 24, 2022). Carbon dating finds Asurgarh is Odisha’s oldest fortified settlement, https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/carbon-dating-finds-asurgarh-is-odishas-oldest-fortified-settlement/article65351205.ece
  7. ^ Priyanka Waghmare, Carbon dating finds Asurgarh is Odisha’s oldest fortified settlement, April, 25, 2022. https://testbook.com/current-affairs/carbon-dating-finds-odisha-asurgarh-oldest-fortified-settlement/
  8. ^ L K Durga, 2018. Process of Peripheralization of Settlements in Early Historic Odisha: An Archaeological Perspective, Vol. 6, Heritage: Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies in Archaeology http://www.heritageuniversityofkerala.com/JournalPDF/Volume6/26.pdf
  9. ^ D B Garnayak, 2020. Excavation at Asurgarh: An Early Historic Fortified Settlement in Odisha , Vol. 8.2, Heritage: Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies in Archaeology, http://www.heritageuniversityofkerala.com/JournalPDF/Volume8.2/18.pdf
  10. ^ "Bindusagar Tank" (PDF). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  11. ^ "Ranipur-Jharial Yogini Temple: A Ninth Century Monument Remains in Ruins". The New Indian Express. 7 March 2014. Archived from the original on 10 June 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  12. ^ "Yogini temple of Hirapur". The Hindu. 17 October 2003.[dead link]
  13. ^ "Anantasayana Visnu" (PDF). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  14. ^ "Excavated Buddhist site, Ratnagiri". Archaeological Survey of India. Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  15. ^ "Excavated Buddhist site, Lalitgiri". Archaeological Survey of India. Archaeological Survey of India. Archived from the original on 26 September 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  16. ^ "Brahmeswara Temple" (PDF). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  17. ^ a b Prabhat Mukherjee (1981). The History of Medieval Vaishnavism in Orissa. Asian Educational Services. pp. 29–, 32. ISBN 978-81-206-0229-8.
  18. ^ Pabitra Mohana Nāẏaka (2011). Inscriptions of Orissa: With Special Reference to Subarnapur. Readworthy. p. vii. ISBN 978-93-5018-042-6. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  19. ^ "Gundicha Temple" (PDF). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  20. ^ "Five Lakh Throng Gundicha Temple in Puri". The New Indian Express. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  21. ^ Hemanta K. Mohapatra (January 2004). "Remembering the Great Barabati Fort" (PDF). Orissa Review. Government of Odisha. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  22. ^ "Kapilash Temple". District Portal: Dhenkanal. Government of Odisha. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  23. ^ Indian History. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. p. B3. ISBN 978-0-07-132923-1. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  24. ^ Trilochan Dash. Story of Lord Sri Jagannatha in Srimandira at Sri Purusottam Kshetra. Trilochan Dash. p. 31. GGKEY:Y2TR84PZ0DD. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  25. ^ O. M. Starza (1993). The Jagannatha Temple at Puri: Its Architecture, Art, and Cult. BRILL. p. 8. ISBN 90-04-09673-6. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  26. ^ "Alphabetical List of Monuments - Orissa". Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  27. ^ "Annakotesvara Temple" (PDF). Indira Gandhi National Centre For The Arts (IGNCA). Indira Gandhi National Centre For The Arts (IGNCA). Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  28. ^ "alarnath temple - Google Search". www.google.com. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  29. ^ "30 lakhs were granted for the renovation of Baldevjew and Mausi Maa temples under heritage conservation project". The Indian Express. 9 June 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  30. ^ Mohammed Yamin (May 2011). "Islamic Monuments in Cuttack" (PDF). Orissa Review. Government of Odisha. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  31. ^ "Joranda Gadi" (PDF). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  32. ^ "Satyagraha memory fades with time". The Telegraph (India). 12 September 2012. Retrieved 10 June 2014.