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Paradeep
Paradip
City
Paradweep
Shri Jagannath Temple,Paradip.jpg
Paradip Port.jpg
Paradeep sea beach.jpg
From Top; Left to Right: Shri Jagannath Temple,Paradip , Sea beach walk side,Paradip Sea beach and Paradip Port
Official logo of Paradeep
Nickname(s): 
Smart Industrial Port City
Paradeep is located in Odisha
Paradeep
Paradeep
Location in Odisha, India
Paradeep is located in India
Paradeep
Paradeep
Paradeep (India)
Paradeep is located in Asia
Paradeep
Paradeep
Paradeep (Asia)
Coordinates: 20°18′58″N 86°36′36″E / 20.316°N 86.610°E / 20.316; 86.610Coordinates: 20°18′58″N 86°36′36″E / 20.316°N 86.610°E / 20.316; 86.610
CountryIndia
StateOdisha
DistrictJagatsinghpur
Founded byShri Biju Patnaik
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyParadip Port Trust
 • ChairmanShri P.L. HARANADH, IRTS
 • Deputy ChairmanShri Asish Kumar Bose
Area
 • Total105 km2 (41 sq mi)
Elevation
1 m (3 ft)
Population
 (2011[2])
 • Total68,585
 • Density650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Paradipians
Languages
 • OfficialOdia
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationOR-21
Websiteparadeepmunicipality.org
I love paradip.jpg

Paradeep, also spelt Paradip (originally Paradweep, also spelt Paradwip), is a major seaport city and municipality, 53 km (33 mi) from Jagatsinghpur city in Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha, India. Paradeep Municipality was constituted as an NAC on 27 September 1979 and converted into a Municipality on 12 December 2002.[3] Paradeep (210 15’ 55-44" N 806 40’ 34-62" E) is the main outlet and inlet of the seaborne trade of the eastern port. It also signaled the economic development of the state, giving impetus to trade and commerce. It has become the gateway of Odisha to the International community.

Paradip Administrative Building
Paradip Administrative Building

Paradeep has become a hub of industrial activities. Industries like IFFCO, Paradeep Phosphates Limited, CARGILL, IOCL, BPCL, HPCL, Carbon etc. have been established here. From an administrative view point, Paradeep N.A.C. was constituted vide H & U.D. Department Notification No. 31169, dated 27 September 1979, and became functional with effect from 18 September 1980. Subsequently, Paradeep N.A.C. was upgraded to Municipality under section 424 of Odisha Municipal Act. 1950 vide H. & U.D. Deptt Notification no. 47302/HUD, dated 12 December 2002. The municipality comprises five Revenue Villages, namely Udachandrapur, Chauliapalanda, Sandhakuda, Bijayachandrapur, and Bhitaragarh. In view of increasing population and industrialisation, a proposal to include 15 villages i.e. Paradeep Garh, Niharuni, Niharuni Kandha, Chouki Matha, Udayabata, Nimidiha, Kotakula, Rangiagarh, Nua Sandhakud, Musadiha, Musadiha Jangle, Boitarkuda, Kaudia, Aganasi, and Nuagarh has been sent to state H. & U.D. Department on 11 October 2007 and District Collector, Jagatsinghpur for inclusion. Paradip is 94 km (58 mi) from Cuttack and 125 km (78 mi) from Bhubaneswar. Biju Patnaik International Airport is the nearest and only operational commercial airport to reach Paradip.[4]

History

During the early 17th century, Paradip and its adjoining areas were connected to Cuttack through the Mahanadi river and its branches. Transportation of goods from rural areas to Cuttack was done through waterways via Dhamara and Pattamundai, though this slowly discontinued due to silting of the river bed. In 1819, the British constructed a sort of harbour north of the present Paradip site, then called False Point. In 1862, the East India Irrigation Company explored the potential of Paradip for transportation of rice from the area. The importance of Paradip grew during the great famine of 1866, when it was used as the main entry point for importing food materials to the famine-struck area.

Pptinaguration.jpg

During the early post-independence period, a minor port came into existence at Paradip in 1958 through the efforts of the State Government. Subsequently, the Government decided to construct a major port there. The foundation stone for Paradip Port was laid on 3 January 1962 by former prime minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, then Prime Minister of India. On completion in 1965, the port was taken over by the Government of India and was declared open on 12 March 1966. Paradip Port was declared the eighth major port of India and the first major deep sea port on the east coast commissioned after independence. The Paradip Port Trust came into being in 1967 for development and management of the Port.

Inaugurationppt.jpg

Geography

Paradip is located at 20°10′N 86°24′E / 20.16°N 86.40°E / 20.16; 86.40.[5] It has an average elevation of 1 m (3.3 ft).

Climate

Climate data for Paradeep (1981–2010, extremes 1969–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.2
(91.8)
36.2
(97.2)
39.3
(102.7)
40.7
(105.3)
41.4
(106.5)
42.4
(108.3)
38.0
(100.4)
39.2
(102.6)
36.4
(97.5)
36.0
(96.8)
34.0
(93.2)
32.6
(90.7)
42.4
(108.3)
Average high °C (°F) 27.0
(80.6)
28.9
(84.0)
31.0
(87.8)
32.0
(89.6)
32.9
(91.2)
32.5
(90.5)
31.4
(88.5)
31.3
(88.3)
31.7
(89.1)
31.8
(89.2)
30.1
(86.2)
28.0
(82.4)
30.7
(87.3)
Average low °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
19.9
(67.8)
23.5
(74.3)
25.7
(78.3)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.0
(78.8)
26.0
(78.8)
26.0
(78.8)
24.4
(75.9)
20.2
(68.4)
16.7
(62.1)
23.2
(73.8)
Record low °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
12.0
(53.6)
13.4
(56.1)
16.0
(60.8)
17.5
(63.5)
18.5
(65.3)
18.1
(64.6)
17.8
(64.0)
19.6
(67.3)
16.0
(60.8)
12.0
(53.6)
10.4
(50.7)
9.6
(49.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 9.4
(0.37)
19.4
(0.76)
33.5
(1.32)
33.3
(1.31)
95.2
(3.75)
222.9
(8.78)
282.0
(11.10)
367.6
(14.47)
284.3
(11.19)
195.9
(7.71)
86.5
(3.41)
10.8
(0.43)
1,640.9
(64.60)
Average rainy days 0.7 1.4 1.4 2.0 4.2 9.1 13.2 14.0 11.0 6.7 2.6 0.5 66.6
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 71 75 80 84 83 83 85 85 83 78 71 68 79
Source: India Meteorological Department[6][7]

Connectivity

The Port is connected with Broad-gauge electrified Railway system of the East-Coast Railway and is also served by National Highway 53 and State Highway No.12.

Paradeep_Railway_station
Paradeep_Railway_station

Paradeep Railway Station.

The Port is also connected by bus routes to the steel city of Rourkela, Kolkata and to the holy town of Puri & Konark

National Highway 53
National Highway 53

The Port is connected through lease line and broadband to other Ports, Ministry and IPA. Reliance, BSNL, Airtel, TATA Indicom etc. have cellular services at Paradip Port. 4G network facility is available in Paradip PoThe Port is connected with Broad-gauge electrified Railway system of the East-Coast Railway and is also served by National Highway 53 and State Highway No.12. Port is well connected with Cuttack and Bhubaneswar with bus & train services.

State Highway 12
State Highway 12

Paradip Port

Main article: Paradip Port

Paradip Port Authority Logo.jpg

The Port of Paradip is the primary port in Odisha, and one of the largest on India's east coast. The port handled over 100 million tonnes of cargo in 2017–2018. Thermal coal and iron ore are major commodities that transit the port.[8] Located on the Bay of Bengal at a latitude 20° 55.44' N and a longitude 86°34.62' E, the port is built on an artificial harbour with ships accessing the port via man-made lagoons. Former Chief Minister of Odisha Biju Patnaik, an aviator and a freedom fighter, spearheaded the port's establishment.

Storage area

55,000 m2 (590,000 sq ft) of concrete paved area near the berth. Storage area secured & protected. Capacity to store about 1000 TEUs (20 ft).

Equipments available

One Mobile crane of 75MT capacity (Port). Two 50 MT mobile cranes & one 20 MT forklift (private). Adequate trailers to handle TEUs and FEUs (private).

Facility

Berthing priority for container vessels. Hence, nil waiting 50% Concession in both vessel & cargo related charges for container vessels. Harbor Mobile cranes at berths to handle containers. In house stuffing / destuffing facility. Siding facility for Rail handling of containers, one RO-RO jetty, single point mooring

Container Traffic

2010-11 Import of 1084 empty TEUs. Export of 2443 TEUs laden container with 61361ton.

Industry

Indian Oil has established a major oil refinery with installed capacity of 15 million tonnes per year at Paradip. Other major industries in the area include:

Paradip is emerging as a major industrial hub with several upcoming steel plants including a US$12 billion plant being developed by POSCO of South Korea. In addition, alumina refineries, thermal power plants, and a petrochemical complex are under development.

Paradip has been identified for development as one of the six major Petroleum, Chemicals and Petrochemicals Investment Regions (PCPIRs) in India, along the lines of Pudong in China, Rotterdam in Europe and Houston in North America. The Paradip PCPIR has identified an investment potential of US$68.84 billion, spread over 284 square kilometres (110 sq mi) in the area.[9]

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[10] As of 2001, Paradip had a population of 73,633. Males constituted 58% of the population and females 42%, due to rapid migration of young industrial workers to the area. Paradip has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 65%. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

References

  1. ^ "Paradip Smart Industrial Port City". townland, 12 May 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Odisha (India): Districts, Cities and Towns - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  3. ^ "Welcome to the Paradeep Municipality". www.paradeepmunicipality.org. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  4. ^ "AAI to come up with project report on Paradip airport". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Paradip
  6. ^ "Station: Paradip Port Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 591–592. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M165. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Paradip Port Trust website". Archived from the original on 24 February 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2006.
  9. ^ "ICIS Login".
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.