Paradeep
Paradip
City
Paradweep
Shri Jagannath Temple,Paradip.jpg
Paradip Port.jpg
I love paradip.jpg
Paradeep sea beach.jpg
Clockwise from top left: Shri Jagannath Temple, Paradip Port, Paradip Sea Beach, "I Love Paradeep" sign at Paradip Beach
Official logo of Paradeep
Nickname: 
Smart Industrial Port City
Paradeep is located in Odisha
Paradeep
Paradeep
Location in Odisha, India
Paradeep is located in India
Paradeep
Paradeep
Paradeep (India)
Paradeep is located in Asia
Paradeep
Paradeep
Paradeep (Asia)
Coordinates: 20°18′58″N 86°36′36″E / 20.316°N 86.610°E / 20.316; 86.610Coordinates: 20°18′58″N 86°36′36″E / 20.316°N 86.610°E / 20.316; 86.610
CountryIndia
StateOdisha
DistrictJagatsinghpur
Founded byShri Biju Patnaik
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyParadip Port Trust
 • ChairmanShri P.L. HARANADH, IRTS
 • Deputy ChairmanShri Asish Kumar Bose
Area
 • Total105 km2 (41 sq mi)
Elevation
1 m (3 ft)
Population
 (2011[2])
 • Total68,585
 • Density650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
DemonymParadipians
Languages
 • OfficialOdia
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationOR-21
Websiteparadeepmunicipality.org

Paradeep, also spelled Paradip (originally Paradweep, also spelled Paradwip), is a major seaport city and municipality, 53 km (33 mi) from Jagatsinghpur city, in Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha, India. Paradeep was constituted as an NAC on 27 September 1979 and converted into a municipality on 12 December 2002.[3] The nearest commercial airport is Biju Patnaik International Airport.[4]

The municipality comprises five Revenue Villages, namely Udachandrapur, Chauliapalanda, Sandhakuda, Bijayachandrapur, and Bhitaragarh. Given the increasing population and industrialisation, a proposal to include 15 villages (Paradeep, Garh, Niharuni, Niharuni Kandha, Chouki Matha, Udayabata, Nimidiha, Kotakula, Rangiagarh, Nua Sandhakud, Musadiha, Musadiha Jangle, Boitarkuda, Kaudia, Aganaasi, and Nuagarh) was sent to the state H. & U.D. Department in 2007.

Companies established in Paradeep include FCO, Paradeep Phosphates Limited, Cargill, the Indian Oil Corporation, Bharat Petroleum, Hindustan Petroleum, Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative, and Goa Carbon Limited.

History

During the early 17th century, Paradip and its adjoining areas were connected to Cuttack through the Mahanadi river and its branches. Goods were transported to Cuttack from rural areas via the Brahmani and Dhamra rivers, although this was gradually discontinued due to silting of the river bed.

In 1819, the British constructed a harbour called False Point, north of the present site of Paradip. In 1862, the East India Irrigation Company explored the potential of Paradip for the transportation of rice from the area. The importance of Paradip grew during the great famine of 1866 when it was used as the main entry point for importing food materials into the famine-struck area.

Inauguration of Paradip Port
Inauguration of Paradip Port

During the early post-independence period, a minor port came into existence at Paradip in 1958 through the efforts of the State Government. Subsequently, the Government decided to construct a major port there. The foundation stone for Paradip Port was laid on 3 January 1962 by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, then Prime Minister of India. On completion in 1965, the port was taken over by the Government of India and was declared open on 12 March 1966. Paradip Port was declared the eighth major port of India and the first major deep sea port on the east coast commissioned after independence. The Paradip Port Trust came into being in 1967 for the development and management of the Port.

Inaugurationppt.jpg

Geography

Paradip is located at 20°10′N 86°24′E / 20.16°N 86.40°E / 20.16; 86.40.[5] It has an average elevation of 1 m (3.3 ft).

Climate

Climate data for Paradeep (1981–2010, extremes 1969–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.2
(91.8)
36.2
(97.2)
39.3
(102.7)
40.7
(105.3)
41.4
(106.5)
42.4
(108.3)
38.0
(100.4)
39.2
(102.6)
36.4
(97.5)
36.0
(96.8)
34.0
(93.2)
32.6
(90.7)
42.4
(108.3)
Average high °C (°F) 27.0
(80.6)
28.9
(84.0)
31.0
(87.8)
32.0
(89.6)
32.9
(91.2)
32.5
(90.5)
31.4
(88.5)
31.3
(88.3)
31.7
(89.1)
31.8
(89.2)
30.1
(86.2)
28.0
(82.4)
30.7
(87.3)
Average low °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
19.9
(67.8)
23.5
(74.3)
25.7
(78.3)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.0
(78.8)
26.0
(78.8)
26.0
(78.8)
24.4
(75.9)
20.2
(68.4)
16.7
(62.1)
23.2
(73.8)
Record low °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
12.0
(53.6)
13.4
(56.1)
16.0
(60.8)
17.5
(63.5)
18.5
(65.3)
18.1
(64.6)
17.8
(64.0)
19.6
(67.3)
16.0
(60.8)
12.0
(53.6)
10.4
(50.7)
9.6
(49.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 9.4
(0.37)
19.4
(0.76)
33.5
(1.32)
33.3
(1.31)
95.2
(3.75)
222.9
(8.78)
282.0
(11.10)
367.6
(14.47)
284.3
(11.19)
195.9
(7.71)
86.5
(3.41)
10.8
(0.43)
1,640.9
(64.60)
Average rainy days 0.7 1.4 1.4 2.0 4.2 9.1 13.2 14.0 11.0 6.7 2.6 0.5 66.6
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 71 75 80 84 83 83 85 85 83 78 71 68 79
Source: India Meteorological Department[6][7]

Transport

Paradeep is on National Highway 53 and State Highway No. 12, and is also served by the broad-gauge electrified railway system of the East coast. Bus routes connect it to Rourkela, Kolkata, Puri, and Konark. It is also connected to Cuttack and Bhubaneswar by bus and train.

Paradeep Railway Station

Paradip Port

Main article: Paradip Port

Paradip Port Administrative Building
Paradip Port Administrative Building

The Port of Paradip is the primary port in Odisha, and one of the largest on India's east coast. Located on the Bay of Bengal at a latitude of 20° 55.44' N and a longitude of 86°34.62' E, the port is built on an artificial harbour, with ships accessing the port via man-made lagoons. The port handled over 100 million tonnes of cargo in 2017–2018, notably thermal coal and iron ore.[8]

The port's 55,000 m2 (590,000 sq ft) of paved concrete storage area can hold about 1000 TEUs (20 ft). It has three mobile cranes, an in-house stuffing/destuffing facility, a siding facility, an RO-RO jetty, and single-point mooring.

Industry

Indian Oil has established a major oil refinery in Paradip, with a capacity of 15 million tonnes per year. Other major industries in the area include:

Paradeep has several upcoming steel plants, including a US$12 billion plant being developed by POSCO of South Korea. In addition, aluminium refineries, thermal power plants, and a petrochemical complex are under development.

Paradeep has been identified for development as one of the six major Petroleum, Chemicals and Petrochemicals Investment Regions (PCPIRs) in India. The Paradeep PCPIR has identified an investment potential of US$68.84 billion, spread over 284 square kilometres (110 sq mi) in the area.[9]

Demographics

As of the 2001 Indian census, Paradip had a population of 73,633.[10] The population was 58% male and 42% female, due to rapid migration of young industrial workers to the area. Paradeep has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 65%. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

References

  1. ^ "Paradip Smart Industrial Port City". townland, 12 May 2020. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Odisha (India): Districts, Cities and Towns - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  3. ^ "Welcome to the Paradeep Municipality". www.paradeepmunicipality.org. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  4. ^ "AAI to come up with project report on Paradip airport". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Paradip
  6. ^ "Station: Paradip Port Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 591–592. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M165. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Paradip Port Trust website". Archived from the original on 24 February 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2006.
  9. ^ "ICIS Login".
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.