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Choudwar
Town
Choudwar from Dolamundai
Choudwar from Dolamundai
Choudwar is located in Odisha
Choudwar
Choudwar
Location in Odisha
Choudwar is located in India
Choudwar
Choudwar
Choudwar (India)
Coordinates: 20°32′00″N 85°55′02″E / 20.53333°N 85.91722°E / 20.53333; 85.91722
CountryIndia
StateOdisha
DistrictCuttack
LanguagesOdia
Population
 (2011)
 • Total52,394
Time zoneIST (+5.30)
Postal code
754025
Area code0671
Vehicle registrationOR-05

Choudwar is a town and a municipality in Cuttack district in the Indian state of Odisha. It comes under Bhubaneswar-Cuttack commissionerate.

Geography

Choudwar is located on the banks of Mahanadi and Birupa river near 16 and 55 National Highway. It is adjoining Cuttack, a city in Odisha. The STD code for Choudwar is 0671 with 754025, 754071, 754072, and 754028 postal codes. Choudwar comes under the Bhubaneswar–Cuttack Police Commissionerate which is an upcoming twin-city[when?] as per the plan of the Government of Odisha Vision 2030[citation needed].

History

Choudwar was thought to be an important center during Somavanshi Keshari kingdom of Odisha[citation needed]. The Keshari dynasty established eight prominent Shakti Peetha shrines near Chodova, which are now in ruins.

In mythology, it was the capital of Virat, the brother-in-law of Kichaka. The Pandava brothers took refuge in Choudwar during their exile. The name Choudwar is made of two words: Chou implying Four and Dwar which means gate. The name alludes to existence of an old fort, which had four gates. Baidheshwar temple near Agrahat village has an aquatic spring believed to had been dug with the archery of Arjun. Archaeological Survey of India found many artefacts around these location pointing to ancient settlements. Ten acres of the land has been fenced by the Archaeological survey of India. It has become a tourist place surrounded by a beautiful gardens[citation needed].

Education

There are a number of secondary schools and colleges in Choudwar:

Secondary schools

The following is a list of schools affiliated with the Board of Secondary Education.

Colleges

Industries

Demographics

According to the 2011 Census of India, Choudwar had a population of 42,597, of which 54% were males and 46% were females. It has an average literacy rate of 77%. The literacy rate for men was 83%, while for women it stood at 71%. 10% of the population was under 6 years old.[1]

Socio-economic conditions

The population of the town works predominantly in the private agencies. A downturn in employment was observed by the shutting down of OTM and BILT paper mills. A small segment of the population comprises teachers, local administration staff, doctors and government employees at the Charbatia Air Base.

Transportation

Choudwar is well-connected due to presence of national highway, which connects Bhubaneswar, Sambalpur and Anugul. Nearest railway station is at 15 km distance in Cuttack. Bhubaneswar railway station in the capital is 42 km away. The town is also serviced via two smaller railway stations at Charbatia and Manguli. The nearest accessible airport is the Biju Patnaik International airport at 55 km distance. The Indian Air force operate a transport and surveillance airfield, exclusive to government use at ARC Charbatia.

Politics

The current MLA from the Choudwar-Cuttack assembly constituency is Souvic Biswal of Biju Janata Dal. Previous MLAs from this seat were Dharmananda Behera (Biju Janata Dal, 2004), Bibhubhusan Praharaj (Independent, 2000), Raj Kishore Ram (Janata Dal, 1977 and 1990) and Kanhu Charan Lenka (Indian National Congress, 1980s & 1995) and Rasananda Sahu (Indian National Congress, 1980s & 1995).[2] Choudwar is part of Cuttack (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  2. ^ "State Elections 2004 - Partywise Comparison for 45-Choudwar Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 24 September 2008.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 24 September 2008.