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Biju Janata Dal
AbbreviationBJD
PresidentNaveen Patnaik
Lok Sabha leaderPinaki Mishra
Rajya Sabha leaderPrasanna Acharya
FounderNaveen Patnaik[1][2]
Founded26 December 1997 (24 years ago) (1997-12-26)
Split fromJanata Dal
Headquarters6R/3, Unit-6, Forest Park, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Student wingBiju Chhatra Janata Dal
Youth wingBiju Yuva Janata Dal
Women's wingBiju Mahila Janata Dal
Labour wingBiju Shramik Samukhya
Peasant's wingBiju Krushak Janata Dal
IdeologyRegionalism[3]
Secularism[4]
Economic nationalism[5]
Political positionCentre-left[6]
Colours  Green
ECI StatusState Party[7]
AllianceNational Democratic Alliance (1998-2009)
Seats in Lok Sabha
12 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
9 / 245
Seats in Odisha Legislative Assembly
114 / 147
Number of states and union territories in government
1 / 31
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Conch.svg
Website
www.bjdodisha.org.in

The Biju Janata Dal (transl.Biju People's Party; abbr. BJD) is a regional political party in the Indian state of Odisha founded and led by Naveen Patnaik, the current Chief Minister of Odisha and the son of former Chief Minister of Odisha Biju Patnaik, after whom the party is named. It was founded on 26 December 1997.[8]

Electoral record

The BJD won nine seats in the 1998 general election and Naveen was named Minister for Mines. In the 1999 general elections, the BJD won 10 seats. The party won a majority of seats in the Odisha Legislative Assembly in the 2000 and 2004 elections in alliance with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The BJD won 11 Lok Sabha seats in the 2004 elections. In the aftermath of the 2008 Kandhamal riots, the BJD parted ways with the BJP in both the Lok Sabha and Assembly in the 2009 general election, citing communalism and differences in seat sharing. During the election, BJD won 14 seats and secured a strong 108 legislative seats out of 147 seats in the 2009 Odisha legislative elections. Biju Janata Dal won a huge victory in the 2014 general election, securing 20 of the 21 Odishan Lok Sabha seats and 117 of the 147 Odisha Legislative Assembly seats.[9] They were re-elected to power in Odisha in 2019, winning 112 of the 147 seats in the Odisha state assembly; however, their seats in the Lok Sabha were reduced to 12.[10][11]

Rule

Naveen Patnaik stepped down as Minister of Mines and left the Lok Sabha after the BJD-BJP victory in the Legislative Assembly Elections in 2000 and became the Chief Minister of Odisha. Naveen Patnaik won his second, third, fourth, and fifth terms as Chief Minister of Odisha in 2004, 2009, 2014, and 2019 state elections respectively.

Leadership

The highest decision-making body of the party is its Core Committee.

Electoral Performances

Lok Sabha (Lower House)

Lok Sabha Term Indian
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
Seats
Change
votes % of votes State (seats)
12th Lok Sabha 1998 12
9 / 21
Increase 9 3669825 1.0% Odisha (12)
13th Lok Sabha 1999 12
10 / 21
Increase 1 4378536 1.2% Odisha (12)
14th Lok Sabha 2004 12
11 / 21
Increase 1 5082849 1.3% Odisha (12)
15th Lok Sabha 2009 18
14 / 21
Increase 2 6612552 1.6% Odisha (18)
16th Lok Sabha 2014 21
20 / 21
Increase 6 9491497 1.7% Odisha (21)
17th Lok Sabha 2019 21
12 / 21
Decrease 8 10172041 1.7% Odisha (21)

Odisha Vidhan Sabha (Lower House)

Vidhan Sabha Term UP
elections
Seats
contested
Seats
won
Seats
Change
% of
votes
Party Votes
12th Vidhan Sabha 2000 84
68 / 147
Increase 68 29.4% 4151895
13th Vidhan Sabha 2004 84
61 / 147
Decrease 7 27.4% 4632280
14th Vidhan Sabha 2009 129
103 / 147
Increase 42 38.9% 6903641
15th Vidhan Sabha 2014 147
117 / 147
Increase 14 43.9% 9334852
16th Vidhan Sabha 2019 146
112 / 147
Decrease 5 45.2% 10470941

List of chief ministers

Chief Minister of Odisha

Further information: List of chief ministers of Odisha

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term in office Assembly Constituency Ministry
Assumed Office Left Office Time in Office
1
NaveenPatnaik.jpg
Naveen Patnaik
(1946–)
5 March 2000 15 May 2004 22 years, 153 days 12th Hinjili Patnaik I
16 May 2004 21 May 2009 13th Patnaik II
22 May 2009 20 May 2014 14th Patnaik III
21 May 2014 28 May 2019 15th Patnaik IV
29 May 2019 Incumbent 16th Patnaik V

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ Kaminsky, A.P.; Long, R.D. (2011). India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. India Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Republic. ABC-CLIO. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-313-37462-3. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  2. ^ Frontline. S. Rangarajan for Kasturi & Sons. 1998. p. 35. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Naveen Patnaik's BJD is Now the Longest Surviving Regional Party in Odisha".
  4. ^ "Secular BJD blames 'failures'".
  5. ^ Capron, Laurence; Guillén, Mauro (12 October 2006). "Fighting economic nationalism in deals". Financial Times. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  6. ^ Capron, Laurence; Guillén, Mauro (12 October 2006). "Fighting economic nationalism in deals". Financial Times. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  7. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013" (PDF). India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  8. ^ "Biju village protects Patnaik legacy, stands firmly behind BJD - Bhubaneswar News". The Times of India. 16 April 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  9. ^ "Naveen Patnaik: Defying Modi wave, Odisha's 'Mr Clean' wins 5th straight term". Moneycontrol. 23 May 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  10. ^ "Odisha Election Results 2019: BJD wins 112 assembly seats, BJP settles at 23". The Times of India. 24 May 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  11. ^ "Odisha Lok Sabha Election Results 2019". NDTV.com.