Tipra Motha Party
AbbreviationTIPRA / TMP
LeaderPradyot Bikram Manikya Deb Barma
PresidentBijoy Kumar Hrangkhawl
PresidiumPolitburo
FounderPradyot Bikram Manikya Deb Barma[1]
Founded2019
HeadquartersManikya Dynasty Heritage Residential House,
Ujjayanta Palace,
Palace Compound,
Agartala, Tripura
799001
Student wingTipra Indigenous Students Federation
Youth wingYouth Tipra Federation
Women's wingTipra Women Federation
IdeologyTripuri nationalism[2]
Greater Tipraland[2]
Pro-NRC
Anti-CAA[3]
Anti-immigration
Regionalism
Colours  
ECI StatusState Party (Tripura)[4]
AllianceNDA (2024-Present)
North-East Democratic Alliance (2024-Present)
Seats in Tripura Legislative Assembly
13 / 60
Seats in Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council
20 / 30
Election symbol
Party flag

The Tipra Motha Party (TMP), also known as the Tipraha Indigenous Progressive Regional Alliance, is a regional political party and previously a social organisation in Tripura, India.[5][6] The TIPRA is led by Pradyot Bikram Manikya Deb Barma.[7][8] It is currently the second largest party in Tripura Legislative Assembly[9]

History

Tipra Motha Party flags at a rally in Agartala in 2022.

On 25 Feb 2019, Pradyot Bikram Manikya Deb Barma was appointed the President of Tripura Pradesh Congress Committee.[10][11] Within a few months, Deb Barma resigned from the Pradesh Congress President post, accusing the Congress high command of pressuring him to accommodate 'corrupt people'.[12] Almost three months later, he formed a social organisation to work for the rights of the indigenous people.[13]

On 5 February 2021, Deb Barma announced that his organisation had become a political party and would contest the 2021 Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council election.[14][15]

The Indigenous Nationalist Party of Twipra (INPT), Tipraland State Party (TSP) and IPFT (Tipraha) merged with the TIPRA in 2021.[16][17][18][19]

TIPRA Motha contested the 2023 Tripura Legislative Assembly Election fielding over 42 candidates in different constituencies. The party won 13 seats and became the first regional party in Tripura to become the main opposition.[20]

In March 2024, Tipra Motha joined Manik Saha-led Tripura government and Animesh Debbarma and Brishaketu Debbarma, took the oath as ministers.[21]

Ideological positions

TIPRA's main objective is the creation of a new state called 'Greater Tipraland' under the Article 2 & 3 of the Constitution of India.[2][22][14][23][24] The Motha emphasises Tipra nationalism, using the slogans "Puila Jati, Ulobo Jati" and "Puila Jati, Ulo Party" (Community first, party later).[3] It aims to first empower and emancipate the Tiprasa people before anything else. The party sees its activities as peoples' movement rather than a political one.[25]

In 2023, Union Home Minister Amit Shah accused the Tipra Motha of being allied with Congress and the CPI (M).[26] This was denied by Deb Barma, who claimed he could not be a communist ally due to his royal ancestry, being the son of the last King of Tripura.[26]

Organisation

Electoral history

TIPRA secured a majority in the 28-member Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council elections along with its ally the Indigenous Nationalist Party of Twipra (INPT). TIPRA won 16 seats while the INPT won two seats.[27]

The result not only ended the Left Front’s 15-year rule of the council but also became the only regional party to come into power in the council without an alliance with a national party.[28]

Deb Barma and other party leaders addressing the crowd at a rally in 2022.

Deb Barma reaffirmed his earlier claim that the demand for Greater Tipraland would not be compromised at any cost and issued a stern call for victory in 2023. A massive gathering of thousands of indigenous people who travelled from all over the state to the Swami Vivekananda Stadium (Astabal Ground) complemented the term "Thansa." "Bubagra is not looking to argue. We abhor all forms of violence. We never oppose any group or faith. Our movement is to demand the rights that the Indian Constitution grants us, and we will succeed in our objectives, he continued.[29][30][31]

Legislative Assembly elections

Election Year Overall votes % of overall votes seats contested seats won +/- in seats +/- in vote share Sitting side
Tripura Legislative Assembly
2023 498,182 19.69 42 13 - - Left

(Main Opposition)

Key Leaders

Member Portrait Current/ Previous Position Party Position
Pradyot Bikram Manikya Deb Barma
  • Titular King of Tripura (2006 - Present)
  • MDC - Jampuijala-Takarjala (2021 - Present)
  • Former President of Tripura Pradesh Congress
Chairman
Bijoy Kumar Hrangkhawl National President, Central Working Committee and Politburo Member
Animesh Debbarma
  • Cabinet Minister of Tripura Government (7 March, 2024-present)
  • Former Leader of the Opposition - Tripura Legislative Assembly (2023 - 2024)
  • Former Deputy CEM of TTAADC (2021 - 2023)
  • Executive Member-Industries, Cooperative, Agriculture, and Tribal Welfare (2021-2023)
  • Former MLA, Kalyanpur-Pramodenagar Assembly constituency (2003 - 2008)
Central Working Committee and Politburo Member
Jagadish Debbarma
  • Chairman (Speaker)-Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (2021- Present)
  • MLA- Mandwi Bazar
Central Working Committee Member and Elected Representative
Purna Chandra Jamatia
  • Chief Executive Member (CEM)- Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (2021- Present)
  • MDC Killa-Bagma (2021 - Present)
Central Working Committee and Elected Representative Member
Brishaketu Debbarma
  • Minister of State (MoS), Tripura Government (7 March 2024- present)
  • Former Deputy Leader of Opposition - Tripura Legislative Assembly (2023 - Present)
  • MLA - Simna (2018 - Present)
  • Chairperson, Public Accounts Committee (2023 - present)
General Secretary (I/C), Organisation, Central Working Committee and Politburo Member
Rajeshwar Debbarma National Political Secretary and Politburo Member
Mevar Kumar Jamatia
  • Minister of Tribal Welfare, Industries and Commerce, and Fisheries (2018-2022)
  • MLA, Ashrambari (2018-2023)
Central Working Committee Member
Bhaba Ranjan Reang Central Working Committee Member

See also

Reference

  1. ^ Ali, Syed Sajjad (29 March 2021). "IPFT puts pet Tipraland demand on the backburner". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Colney, Kimi. ""We want self-rule": Pradyot Debbarma on his party's victory in Tripura tribal council polls". The Caravan. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Tripura: Former Congress state president calls for ethnic unity during anti-CAA protest". The Indian Express. 12 January 2020. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Recognition of Tipra Motha Party,as a State Party in Tripura". 10 April 2023.
  5. ^ "Tipra wins Tripura council polls". The Telegraph (India). Retrieved 18 April 2021.
  6. ^ Deb, Debraj (20 February 2021). "Tripura: 2 tribal parties merge with Pradyot-led front". The Indian Express. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  7. ^ "Tripura Royal scion launches 'apolitical' outfit to protect tribal rights". The Telegraph (India). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  8. ^ Deb Barman, Priyanka (4 October 2020). "Tripura royal scion forges alliance with indigenous parties to work on NRC, CAA, empowerment". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  9. ^ "BJP+ retains power, Tipra Motha 2nd largest". 2 March 2023.
  10. ^ Deb, Debraj (26 February 2019). "Tripura royal scion Pradyot Debburman appointed Pradesh Congress president". The Indian Express. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  11. ^ "Royal scion Pradyot Manikya appointed Tripura Congress president". NORTHEAST NOW. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  12. ^ "Tripura Congress chief resigns, accuses party of asking him to accommodate 'corrupt people'". The Telegraph (India). Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  13. ^ Deb Barman, Priyanka (26 December 2019). "Tripura's royal scion forms apolitical front to fight for indigenous people". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  14. ^ a b Chakraborty, Tanmoy. "With a Call for 'Greater Tipraland', Tripura Royal Scion's Party to Fight District Polls". The Wire. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  15. ^ Bhattacharjee, Biswendu. "Will contest upcoming ADC election: Pradyot | Agartala News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  16. ^ "INPT merged with TIPRA Motha, Bijay Hrangkhal TIPRA Motha new President". tripurainfo.com.
  17. ^ "Tripura: INPT announces merger with TIPRA". Assam Tribune. 7 May 2021.
  18. ^ "Tripura: INPT merges with Pradyot Kishore Deb Barman's TIPRA". Zee News.
  19. ^ "Dramatic political twists in Tripura ahead of ADC polls". Northeast Today. 2 March 2021.
  20. ^ "Tipra Motha, the 2-year-old party that won 13 seats in Tripura". India Today. Retrieved 19 May 2023.
  21. ^ "Tipra Motha joins BJP-led Tripura government, two ministers take oath". India Today NE. Retrieved 9 March 2024.
  22. ^ Deb, Debraj (23 February 2021). "Explained: What is the Greater Tipraland demand raised by royal scion Pradyot Kishore?". The Indian Express. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  23. ^ "Tripura's TIPRA holds mass gathering, demands 'Greater Tipraland'". aninews.in. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  24. ^ "Tripura royal scion breaks down in tears during public address over non-participation of IPFT in 'Greater Tipraland' | english.lokmat.com". Lokmat English. 6 March 2021. Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  25. ^ "Tripura: TSF joins 'Greater Tipraland' movement". 8 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  26. ^ a b Deb Barman, Priyanka (7 February 2023). "Tripura elections: TIPRA Motha in 'secret' alliance with Left, Congress, says Shah". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 9 February 2023.
  27. ^ Ali, Syed Sajjad (10 April 2021). "Big win for TIPRA in Tripura ADC election". The Hindu. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  28. ^ Umanand, Jaiswal (11 April 2021). "Tipra wins Tripura council polls". The Telegraph. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  29. ^ ""Mega gathering" of TIPRA Motha in Agartala, Pradyot calls for victory in 2023". tripuratimes.com. Retrieved 12 November 2022.
  30. ^ "Tripura: No more compromise with indigenous people, TIPRA Motha chief sounds poll bugle in mass gathering". India Today NE (in Hindi). 12 November 2022. Retrieved 12 November 2022.
  31. ^ "One Last Fight For 'Greater Tipraland' Demand In 2023 Assembly Polls; No Compromise For Tiprasa Communities: TIPRA Motha Chairman". Northeast Today. 12 November 2022. Retrieved 12 November 2022.