Naveen Patnaik
Official Portrait, 2019
14th Chief Minister of Odisha
Assumed office
5 March 2000
GovernorM. M. Rajendran
Rameshwar Thakur
Murlidhar Chandrakant Bhandare
S. C. Jamir
Satya Pal Malik
Ganeshi Lal
Raghubar Das
Preceded byHemananda Biswal
Union Minister of Steel and Mines, Government of India
In office
19 March 1998 – 4 March 2000
Prime MinisterAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded byBirendra Prasad Baishya
Succeeded bySunder Lal Patwa
ConstituencyAska
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
12 April 1997 – 4 March 2000
Preceded byBiju Patnaik
Succeeded byKumudini Patnaik
ConstituencyAska
Member of Odisha Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
5 March 2000
Preceded byUdayanath Nayak
ConstituencyHinjili
President of Biju Janata Dal
Assumed office
26 December 1997
Preceded byposition established
Personal details
Born (1946-10-16) 16 October 1946 (age 77)
Cuttack, Orissa, British India
(present-day Odisha, India)
Political partyBiju Janata Dal (since 1997)
Other political
affiliations
Janata Dal (until 1997)
Parent
RelativesGita Mehta (sister)
Sonny Mehta (brother-in-law)
Residence(s)Naveen Nivas,
Aerodrome Road, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
Alma materKirori Mal College, Delhi (BA)
ProfessionPolitician, writer
Websitenaveenpatnaik.in
Source: [1]

Naveen Patnaik (born 16 October 1946) is an Indian politician and writer serving as the current and 15 Chief Minister of Odisha representing the Hinjili Assembly constituency since 2000. He is the longest-serving chief minister of Odisha and as of 2023, one of the longest-serving chief ministers of any Indian state, holding the post for over two decades, and only the second Indian chief Minister after Pawan Chamling to win five consecutive terms as Chief Minister of an Indian state.[1][2] He is the first president of the Biju Janata Dal since 1997.[3] He served as the Union Minister of Steel and Mines from 1998 to 2000 and a member of the Lok Sabha from Aska from 1997 to 2000.

Biography

Patnaik was born on 16 October 1946 in Cuttack to Biju Patnaik, former Chief Minister of Odisha, and his wife, Gyan Devi .[4][5] He was educated at the Welham Boys' School in Dehradun, and later The Doon School.[6] At Doon, he was a classmate of Sanjay Gandhi and three years junior to Rajiv Gandhi, who later became prime minister.[7] After school, he went to the Kirori Mal College[8] of Delhi University, and obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree.[9]

Patnaik is a writer and had for the most part of his youth been away from both politics and Odisha, but after his father Biju Patnaik's demise, he entered politics in 1997 and the same year founded the Biju Janata Dal, named after Biju Patnaik, which won the state election with the BJP as its alliance and formed the government in which Patnaik became Chief Minister. His mild mannerism, "Stand against corruption" and "Pro-poor policies" have resulted in the development of a huge support base in Odisha, which has voted him to power in the last five consecutive terms. Like his father, he has managed to control the bureaucracy and transformed it into a machine for the development of the state.[10] His spartan personal lifestyle and detachment from material possessions has been liked by the people of the state.[11] He is also one of the founding members of Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage.[12] His elder sister is the writer Gita Mehta.[13]

Political career

Naveen Patnaik at the Opening Ceremony Hockey World Cup 2018

After the death of his father Biju Patnaik, leader of the Janata Dal,[9] he was elected as a member to the 11th Lok Sabha in the by-election from Aska Parliamentary Constituency in Odisha, India.[9] He was a member of the Consultative Committee of Ministry of Steel & Mines, Member of Standing Committee on Commerce, and Member Library Committee of Parliament. In December 1997, Naveen split from the Janata Dal and founded the Biju Janata Dal.[14] The new party was in alliance with the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance performed well and Naveen Patnaik was selected the Union Minister for Mines in the cabinet of A. B. Vajpayee.

Elections 2000

In the 2000 Assembly election, BJD won the majority of seats in alliance with the BJP in the Odisha Assembly elections, Patnaik resigned from the Union cabinet and was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Odisha.

Elections 2004

BJP led NDA lost the general elections in 2004, however, the coalition led by Naveen Patnaik emerged victorious in the state legislative elections and he continued as the Chief Minister. During this tenure, the friction between the ruling partners was getting more and more apparent, especially after the killing of Swami Laxmanananda Saraswati[15] in the Kandhamal district of Odisha in 2007–2008 and also the active participation of Bajrang Dal in the riots that hit Kandhamal region.

Elections 2009

In the run-up to the polls for the Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly of Odisha elections in 2009, BJD walked out of the NDA after severing ties with the BJP and joined the nascent Third Front constituted mainly by the Left Front and few regional parties.[16] He did it after severely criticizing BJP's involvement in Kandhamal anti-Christian riots during 2007. The BJD won a resounding victory in both the Vidhan Sabha (State Assembly) as well as the Lok Sabha elections in 2009, winning 14 out of 21 Lok Sabha seats and 103 of the 147 assembly seats and was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Odisha on 21 May 2009 for the third consecutive term.[17]

Elections 2014

Naveen Patnaik in 2014

Patnaik won a huge victory in both the 2014 Indian general elections and the Legislative Assembly of Odisha elections in 2014. Patnaik's Biju Janata Dal secured 20 out of the 21 Lok Sabha seats of Odisha and 117 of the 147 Odisha Vidhan Sabha seats.[18]

Elections 2019

With a strong BJP wave across the country, the Biju Janata Dal, under the leadership of Naveen Patnaik won as many as 112 seats out of 146 (polls for 1 was deferred) in the Legislative Assembly of Odisha and 12 out of 21 Lok Sabha seats in 2019 Indian general elections.

Electoral history

Year Office Constituency Party Votes for Naveen % Opponent Party Votes % Result Ref
2000 Member of the Legislative Assembly Hinjili Biju Janata Dal 56,243 65.35 Udayanath Nayak Indian National Congress 29,826 34.65 Won [19]
2004 62,968 72.71 Udayanath Nayak 20,326 23.47 Won [20]
2009 72,942 76.04 Raghabo Parida 11,669 12.17 Won [21]
2014 89,267 73.14 Sibaram Patra 12,681 10.39 Won [22]
2019 94,065 66.32 Pitambar Acharya Bharatiya Janata Party 33,905 23.91 Won [23]
2019 Bijepur 1,10,604 59.78 Sanat Kumar Gartia 53,482 28.91 Won [23]

Language

Naveen Patnaik in 2016

Patnaik spent most of his early days away from Odisha, so he has problems with writing and speaking fluently in Odia language.[24] He is the only chief minister of India who does not speak fluently the regional language of his state and because of this, he has been facing severe criticism from his opponents. Presently, Patnaik has an adequate working knowledge of Odia and he possesses great mastery over Hindi, French, Punjabi, and English. At rallies, he delivers Odia speeches written in Roman alphabet.[25]

Accolades

Naveen Patnaik receiving Outlook Speakout award for best administrator from former President of India Pranab Mukherjee in the presence of Arun Jaitley
Award Year Conferrer Event/Location
Lifetime Achievement Award 2022 N. V. Ramana Capital Foundation National Awards
Hero to Animals Award 2020 PETA Odisha, India
CSI E-Ratna Award 2020 Computer Society of India 53rd CSI Annual Convention
FIH President's Award 2018 International Hockey Federation 46th FIH Congress
Ideal Chief Minister 2018 Pratibha Patil 8th Indian Students' Parliament
Best Administrator in India 2017 Pranab Mukherjee Outlook India Speak Out Awards 2017
United Nations Award 2013  United Nations Odisha State Secretariat

Recognitions

Writings

See also

References

  1. ^ "Naveen Patnaik wins record fifth term in Odisha as BJP makes impressive gains". Debabrata Mohanty. 23 May 2019. Archived from the original on 29 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Naveen Patnaik Set to Make History as Odisha Hands Him Power for a Record Fifth Straight Term". News18. 23 May 2019. Archived from the original on 28 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  3. ^ "From greenhorn to history-scripting politician". The Hindu. 18 May 2009. Archived from the original on 7 November 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2020 – via www.thehindu.com.
  4. ^ "Naveen Patnaik: From Reluctant Political Heir to Odisha's Longest Serving Chief Minister". NDTV.com. Archived from the original on 7 January 2022. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
  5. ^ Bhatt, Sheela (11 March 2009). "Naveen Patnaik's master stroke in Orissa". Rediff. Archived from the original on 1 March 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2010.
  6. ^ Reshmi R Dasgupta, TNN 10 May 2004, 03.13 am IST (10 May 2004). "Naveen Patnaik sets stage for GeNext Doscos". The Economic Times. Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  7. ^ Bhandare, Namita (16 June 1997). "Naveen Patnaik juggles his socialite pursuits with his party's socialist goals". India Today. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  8. ^ "Shri Naveen Patnaik – OdishaGovt". Archived from the original on 24 September 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  9. ^ a b c "Profile-Chief Minister of Orissa". Orissa. Gov.in. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  10. ^ For Naveen, politics is a way to complete father's agenda Archived 20 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. Indianexpress.com (10 May 1997). Retrieved 25 December 2010.
  11. ^ Shankar, Kalyani (4 January 2018). "From a soft-spoken socialite to a ruthless, authoritarian leader: Naveen Patnaik's two decades in Odisha". ThePrint. Archived from the original on 2 November 2020. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  12. ^ "INTACH Founding Members". INTACH. Archived from the original on 15 July 2020. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  13. ^ Bisoyi, Sujit Kumar (26 January 2019). "Gita Mehta: Naveen Patnaik's sister and author Gita Mehta declines Padma Shri award | Bhubaneswar News - Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 26 March 2022. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
  14. ^ Banerjee, Ruben; Ansari, Javed M. (28 December 1997). "Janata Dal split in Orissa spells doom for both the party and Congress". India Today. Retrieved 17 January 2024.
  15. ^ "Local factors led to Kandhamal violence". www.rediff.com. Archived from the original on 2 November 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  16. ^ "Kandhamal led to split with BJP: Patnaik". India Today. 16 May 2009. Archived from the original on 15 March 2022. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  17. ^ Jha, Nikhil (16 April 2019). "Rise and rise of BJD leader Naveen Patnaik: Has the Odisha chief minister hit a plateau?". Times Now. Archived from the original on 4 March 2021. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  18. ^ "Partywise Result". Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  19. ^ "Orissa 2000". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 3 May 2021. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  20. ^ "Orissa 2004". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 3 May 2021. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  21. ^ "Orissa 2009". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 3 May 2021. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  22. ^ "Odisha 2014". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 3 May 2021. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  23. ^ a b "Odisha 2019". Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 3 May 2021. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  24. ^ "Odisha CM's Odia speech written in English goes viral, ridiculed". The Times of India. 17 May 2013. ISSN 0971-8257. Retrieved 15 December 2023.
  25. ^ "Naveen Patnaik fails language test". Archived from the original on 4 April 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  26. ^ "UN citation to Naveen for Phailin evacuation". Business Standard. 20 December 2013. Archived from the original on 5 June 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  27. ^ "Women reservation: UN compliment for Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik". The Economic Times. 25 February 2019. Archived from the original on 26 February 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  28. ^ Patnaik, Naveen (1 January 1985). Second Paradise: Indian Courtly Life 1590–1947. Doubleday Religious Publishing Group. ISBN 9780385199926.
  29. ^ Patnaik, Naveen (1 January 1990). A Desert Kingdom: The Rajputs of Bikaner. Vendome Press. ISBN 9780865651227.
  30. ^ Patnaik, Naveen (1 January 1993). The Garden of Life: An Introduction to the Healing Plants of India. Doubleday. ISBN 9780385424691.
Political offices Preceded byHemananda Biswal Chief Minister of Odisha 5 March 2000–present Incumbent State Legislative Assembly Preceded byUdayanath Nayak (BJD) Member of the Odisha Legislative Assembly from Hinjili (Vidhan Sabha constituency) 2019– Incumbent Preceded byRita Sahu (BJD) Member of the Odisha Legislative Assembly from Bijepur (Vidhan Sabha constituency) 20192019 (vacated) Succeeded byRita Sahu (BJD)