The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Odia language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see ((IPA-or)) and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Consonants
IPA Odia ISO 15919 English approximation
k [kɔ] k skate
[kʰɔ] kh care
ɡ [ɡɔ] g go
ɡʱ [ɡʱɔ] gh pigheaded
ŋ [ŋɔ] sing
[tʃɔ] c latch
tʃʰ [tʃʰɔ] ch choose
ଜ, ଯ[1] [dʒɔ] j junior
dʒʱ [dʒʱɔ] jh fridge handle
ʈ [ʈɔ] somewhat like stop
ʈʰ [ʈʰɔ] ṭh somewhat like top
ɖ [ɖɔ] somewhat like dice
ɖʱ [ɖʱɔ] ḍh somewhat like bread house
ɳ [ɳɔ] American morning
t [tɔ] t bat (dental), path (Th-stopping)
[tʰɔ] th top (dental), think (Th-stopping)
d [dɔ] d deal (dental), the (Th-stopping)
[dʱɔ] dh old house (dental), without (Th-stopping)
n [nɔ] n not
p [pɔ] p spot
[pʰɔ] ph pot
b ବ, ଵ[2] [bɔ] b bug
[bʱɔ] bh abhor
m [mɔ] m might
j [jɔ] yet
ɾ [ɾɔ] r American atom
l [lɔ] l light (clear L)
ɭ [ɭɔ] Swedish sorl
w [wɔ] w wine
s ଶ, ଷ, ସ [1][sɔ] s so
h [hɔ] h head
ɽ ଡ଼ [ɽɔ] Somewhat like American atom
ɽʱ ଢ଼ [ɽʱɔ] ṛh As above, but with murmured voice
Vowels
IPA Odia ISO 15919 English approximation
ɔ [ɔ] a doctor
a [a] ā Australian father, RP cut
i ଇ, ଈ [i] i see
u ଉ, ଊ [u] u moon
e [e] ē bed
o [o] ō short (UK)
Diphthongs
ɔi [ɔi] ai boy
ou [ou] au low
Vowel Diacritics
◌̃ [ ̃] nasal vowel
Suprasegmentals
IPA
ˈ primary stress
(placed before stressed syllable)

Notes

  1. ^ a b Danesh Jain; George Cardona (26 July 2007). The Indo-Aryan Languages. Routledge. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-1-135-79711-9.
  2. ^ A. H. Young (1912). First Lessons in Oriya. Orissa Mission Press.

Bibliography