The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Welsh language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see ((IPA-cy)) and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Welsh phonology and Welsh orthography for a more thorough look at the sounds of Welsh.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximations
b bach, cwbl, mab be
d dydd, cadw, tad do
joio, garej, diengyd (colloquial) just
ð ddoe, deuddeg, bedd wither
f ffenest, ei phen, cyffro, corff find
ɡ glân, cegin, cig get
h haul, gwahanol have
j iaith, geiriadur you
k cig, acw, ac sky, cool
l leicio, Alban, bol like
ɬ llaw, cyllell no English equivalent
m mab, cymaint, dim me
fy mhen, ym Mhen-y-bont no English equivalent
n nerth, anadlu, gwyn no
fy nhad, yn Nhywyn no English equivalent
ŋ fy ngwely, trengi, rhwng thing
ŋ̊ fy nghŵn, yng Nghymru no English equivalent
p pen, copa, map open
r radio, garw, dŵr right but trilled
rhestr, anrheg no English equivalent
s Saesnes, swsus see
ʃ siarad, siop, brwsh she
t tatws, at stop
tsieini, wats chance
θ thus, athro, peth think
v faint, afal, arf very
w wedyn, ei wraig, gwlân was
χ chwaer, tuchan, bwlch Scottish loch
Vowels
Monophthongs
IPA Examples English approximations
NW SW
a sant, pàs sat
mab, sâl father
ɛ perth, mès well
peth, trên may
ə cymydog, rg about
ɪ ɪ tipyn, sgìl it
ɨ punt, gwyn roses
hir, tîm be
ɨː llun, bûm, rhy, tŷ roses but longer
ɔ bron, glòs off
bro, ôl raw
ʊ cwm, mg put
cwch, dŵr pool
Diphthongs
ai ai tai eye
cau, nesáu pie
aːɨ hael, cae Yael
aːi Cymraeg
au llaw around
ɛu llew Italian, Portuguese and Spanish Europa
ɛi[1] ɛi[1] Seisnig pain
gwneud
əu bywyd RP toe
ɪu ɪu lliw Cockney till
ɨu Duw, menyw
ɔi ɔi osgoi boy
ɔɨ coeden soil
ʊɨ ʊi mwy, gŵyl Louie
Other symbols used in transcription of Welsh pronunciation
IPA Explanation
ˈ Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable, for example cymydog [kəˈmədɔɡ])

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b The diphthongs that were historically [əi, əɨ] now begin with a more front vowel [ɛ ~ e] for most speakers. Transcription styles in sources vary but are most often transcribed with [ɛi, ɛɨ] on Wikipedia.