The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Mongolian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. The dialect used in this chart is Khalkha Mongolian. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

IPA Cyrillic English approximation
f ф[1] five
g г[2] got
ɢ similar to got (but deeper in the throat)
ʲ ь[3] Russian пять, English f[y]ew;
occasionally unpronounced[4]
к[1] cot
ɮ л Not found in English; Welsh llwyd but voiced
m м mother
n н north
ŋ link, sing
p б spend
п[5] pen
r р Scottish roll; Spanish rosa
s с seven
ʃ ш shirt
t д stand
т tan
t͡s з cats
t͡sʰ ц let's have
t͡ʃ ж exchange
t͡ʃʰ ч change
в win
x х Scottish loch; German Bach
ъ[5] Unpronounced.[4]
IPA Cyrillic English approximation
a а art
аа father
e э bet
ээ bed
i и[6] leaf
ий[7], ы[8] leave
ɔ о off
ɔː оо dog
ɵ ө similar to nurse
өө RP/Australian thought
u ү boot
үү food
ʊ у look
ʊː уу good
iotated vowels
ja я y'all
е yurt
ё yawn
ju ю[9] yule
yuck, with a vowel like look
ai[10] ай price
ei эй[11] flame
ɔi ой choice
ui үй phooey
ʊi уй roughly like weary or Uyghur


  1. ^ a b c Used only in loanwords.
  2. ^ [g] and [ɢ] are contrastive in Ulaanbaatar Mongolian, but are allophones of the single phoneme /g/ in some other dialects.
  3. ^ Always follows another consonant, and usually modifies the sound with iotation (unless used before е, in which case it is unpronounced).
  4. ^ a b ь is occasionally used before е to indicate that its pronunciation should not be blended with the consonant before it (as its sound is iotated); likewise, ъ serves the same purpose before я and ё.
  5. ^ a b Uncommon, but more often found in loanwords.
  6. ^ In addition to the vowel sound, и also palatalizes any consonant immediately before it.
  7. ^ Resembles a diphthong, but is phonetically and phonemically a long monophthong. ии is not used.
  8. ^ The only long vowel represented by a single letter. Although pronounced with the same vowel sound as ий, it does not palatalize the preceding consonant. Other than loanwords, it is only found in inflectional suffixes.
  9. ^ Generally, /ju/ in words containing э, ө, ү & е; /jʊ/ in words containing а, о у, я & ё. See vowel harmony.
  10. ^ The allophone [ɛː] is predominant.
  11. ^ Also used where өй would occur, as it is not used.

See also[edit]