The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Neapolitan language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see Template:IPA and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

IPA Examples English approximation
b banca, campagna, abbrile[2][3] bike
d dint’â casa, verde[3] done
dz pensiero, canzone, cazetta[3][4][5] dads
maggìa, Francia[2][3] jab
f fatto, fernuto fast
ɡ[6] gatto, negro, manco[3] gas
ɡj[6] ɟ[7] agghiaià, banchiero[3] ague
ʝ famiglia, guaglione[2] roughly like yes, but stronger, or ague
k puorco, quanno scar
kj c[7] chiesa, muschià masculine
l auciello, luglio[8] lip or feel
m maggìa, ammore[9] mother
ɱ infierno[9] symphony
n monte, pensiero[9] nest
ŋ songo, cinco[9] singing
ɲ cugnato, ogne[2] roughly like canyon
p primmo, coppia spin
r grotta, sciore, camorra trilled r
s sano, presenza, stato[5] sorry
ʃ rascia, pesce, scarparo[2][5] ship
t tanto, rete, fatto star
ts zùccaro, miezzo, pazienza[4] cats
auciello, cerasa, faccia somewhat between watch and wash[10]
v vufero, spavetto, vraccio vent
z snodo, sdignata[5] zipper
ʒ sbagliato, sveglia[5] vision
IPA Examples English approximation
j iennaro/jennaro, auciello, cchiù, paisano you
w fuoco, guaglione, caulo wine
IPA Examples English approximation
Short vowels
a æ[7] sciaurato, campagna manner
e viento, pecché roughly like pay, but shorter
ɛ spavetto, dente[12] bed
ə nùmmero, coppia, pecché[13] again
i primmo, insieme see, but shorter
o compongo, coppia law (RP), but shorter
ɔ còmmodo, Maronna[12] off
u urdemo, nùmmero, Napule tool, but shorter
Long vowels[14]
ɑː ɐː
sciaurato, Napule father or bad
insieme, peso late
ɛː scena, vero bear (RP) or late
tipo, zie see
ammore, dint’ô sciore law (RP) or low
ɔː soje, cose dog or low
ajute, fernuto tool
Other vowels
ɨ[7] [examples needed] roses
IPA Examples Explanation
ˈ cozze [ˈkɔttsə] primary stress
ˌ lievemente [ˌljevəˈmɛndə] secondary stress
. diamante [di.aˈmandə] syllable break


  1. ^ If a consonant is doubled after a vowel, it is geminated; all consonants can be geminated except for /z/ and /ʒ/. In IPA, gemination can be represented either by doubling the consonant (fatto [ˈfattə], miezzo [ˈmjettsə]) or by the length marker ⟨ː⟩. Neapolitan, like standard Italian, also has a sandhi phenomenon called syntactic gemination, usually represented graphically: e.g. è ssoje [ˌɛ sˈsɔːjə].
  2. ^ a b c d e /b/, /dʒ/, /ʝ/, /ɲ/ and /ʃ/ are always geminated after a vowel.
  3. ^ a b c d e f After a nasal, /c/, /p/, /t/, /tʃ/, /k/ and /ts/ are replaced by their voiced counterparts [ɟ], [b], [d], [dʒ], [ɡ], [dz].
  4. ^ a b When not preceded by ⟨n⟩, ⟨z⟩ can represent either /dz/ or /ts/, according to the cases.
  5. ^ a b c d e ⟨s⟩ is pronounced:
    • /s/ when geminated or when not preceded by ⟨n⟩ and followed by ⟨t⟩, a vowel or a semivowel;
    • /ʃ/ when followed by any voiceless consonant except ⟨t⟩;
    • /z/ when followed by ⟨n⟩, ⟨d⟩, ⟨r⟩ or ⟨l⟩;
    • /ʒ/ when followed by any voiced consonant except ⟨n⟩, ⟨d⟩, ⟨r⟩ or ⟨l⟩;
    • /dz/ when preceded by ⟨n⟩.
  6. ^ a b If the two characters ɡ and do not match and if the first looks like a γ, then you have an issue with your default font. See Help:IPA § Rendering issues.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Chiefly occurring in Apulian dialects.
  8. ^ Might be slightly velarized [ɫ].
  9. ^ a b c d Nasals always assimilate their place of articulation to that of the following consonant. Thus, the n in /nɡ/ is a velar [ŋ] and the one in /nf/~/nv/ is a labiodental [ɱ]. A nasal before /b/ and /m/ is always the labial [m].
  10. ^ When not geminated nor following another consonant, /tʃ/ tends to be pronounced [ʃ].
  11. ^ Two diphthongs, uo /wo(ː)/ and ie /je(ː)/, are always stressed, unless they are at the very end of a word.
  12. ^ a b Open-mid vowels ɔ/ can only appear when the syllable is stressed.
  13. ^ After the stressed syllable, /a e o/ change to [ə]. This sound is sometimes also found before the stressed syllable and spelled ⟨e⟩, as is fernì [fərˈni].
  14. ^ Vowels are long when stressed in non-final open syllables: casa [ˈkɑːsə] ~ cassa [ˈkassə], or when compounds of preposition a and an article: a + ’o = ô.

See also[edit]