Gunupur
Town
Jagannath Temple at Gunupur
Jagannath Temple at Gunupur
Gunupur is located in Odisha
Gunupur
Gunupur
Location in Odisha, India
Gunupur is located in India
Gunupur
Gunupur
Gunupur (India)
Coordinates: 19°05′N 83°49′E / 19.08°N 83.82°E / 19.08; 83.82Coordinates: 19°05′N 83°49′E / 19.08°N 83.82°E / 19.08; 83.82
CountryIndia
StateOdisha
DistrictRayagada
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyGunupur Municipal Council
Elevation
83 m (272 ft)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total60,000
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, Telugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
765022
Telephone code06857
Vehicle registrationOR-18, OD-18
Websiteodisha.gov.in, gunupurmunicipality.com

Gunupur is a Municipality and one of the sub-divisional headquarters of Rayagada district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is the second biggest town in Rayagada district.

History

Gunupur was one of the important centers in the erstwhile Jeypore Kingdom. Rajah Narasingh Dev was the third son of Maharajah Vikram Dev I (1758–1781 CE) of Jeypore and was appointed as the ruler of Gunupur and Gudari region. Whereas, his elder brother Maharajah Ramchandra Dev II ascended the royal seat of Jeypore in 1781. Another brother called Rajah Jagganath Dev became the king of Nabarangpur. Rajah Narasingh Dev ruled for a few years and was succeeded by his only son Rajah Krishna Dev who died in a few years with no progeny. Hence, Gunupur-Gudari were remerged to Jeypore kingdom. It was then ruled by the Maharajahs of Jeypore under British Administration. The state of Odisha was formed on 1 April 1936 with Koraput as one of the six districts and Gunupur came under Koraput district as a sub-division.

On 2 October 1992, Gunupur and Rayagada sub-division were carved out of the erstwhile Koraput district and formed a new district as Rayagada.

Demography

As of 2011 India census,[1] Gunupur has a population of 62,870. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Gunupur has an average literacy rate of 80.4%, higher than the national average of 74.4%: male literacy is 85.56% and female literacy is 70.40%. In Gunupur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Geography and Climate

Gunupur is located at 19°05′N 83°49′E / 19.08°N 83.82°E / 19.08; 83.82.[2] It has an average elevation of 83 metres (272 ft). It is located in the lap of the Eastern Ghat and on the banks of river Bansadhara. It has a mixed climate of mountains and Coastal Plain. Its outer region is completely covered by forests and Hills. Earthquake zones of India places Gunupur inside seismic zone II on a scale ranging from I to V in order of increasing susceptibility to earthquakes.

Climate data for Gunupur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.5
(101.3)
33.2
(91.8)
39.9
(103.8)
38.4
(101.1)
40.5
(104.9)
40.5
(104.9)
39.9
(103.8)
37.2
(99.0)
37.5
(99.5)
36
(97)
34.6
(94.3)
32
(90)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) 27.8
(82.0)
29.3
(84.7)
30.9
(87.6)
31.8
(89.2)
33
(91)
32.3
(90.1)
31.2
(88.2)
31.3
(88.3)
31.3
(88.3)
31
(88)
29.8
(85.6)
28.2
(82.8)
33
(91)
Average low °C (°F) 20.5
(68.9)
22.2
(72.0)
24.5
(76.1)
26.2
(79.2)
27.4
(81.3)
27.2
(81.0)
26.2
(79.2)
25.9
(78.6)
25.8
(78.4)
25
(77)
23.1
(73.6)
20.8
(69.4)
20.8
(69.4)
Record low °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
14
(57)
20
(68)
21
(70)
16.4
(61.5)
20
(68)
21.4
(70.5)
21
(70)
16.4
(61.5)
15.6
(60.1)
14.9
(58.8)
10.6
(51.1)
10.6
(51.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.4
(0.49)
31.7
(1.25)
18.6
(0.73)
18.8
(0.74)
99.8
(3.93)
124.7
(4.91)
133.2
(5.24)
154.1
(6.07)
219
(8.6)
202.4
(7.97)
99.3
(3.91)
10.9
(0.43)
1,124.9
(44.27)
Average relative humidity (%) 60 61 63 66 66 74 83 85 83 76 66 60 70
Source: Gunupur Weather

Governance

Courts

Court Campus, Gunupur
Court Campus, Gunupur

There are several Judicial courts at Gunupur under the control of District Court Rayagada.[3] The Court of Senior Civil Judge-cum-Asst. Sessions Judge, the court of Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate, the Court of Judicial Magistrate First Class and other revenue courts like the Court of Sub Divisional Executive Magistrate cum Sub Collector and the Court of Tahasildar are situated here. As per the demand of the Bar Association, Gunupur and the litigant public, the Court of Additional District & Sessions Judge at Gunupur started functioning from 20 September 2014.

Politics

Current MLA from Gunupur Assembly Constituency is Sri Raghunath Gomango of BJD, who won the seat in State elections of 2019. Previous MLAs from this seat include Rammurthy Mutika who won the seat in 2004 (BJD), Ram Murty Gamango who won this seat in 2000 as BJP candidate and as a JD candidate in 1990, Akshaya Kumar Gomango of INC in 1995, and Bhagirathi Gomango who won this seat as INC candidate in 1985 and 1977 and as INC(I) candidate in 1980.[4]

Gunupur is part of Koraput (Lok Sabha constituency).[5]

Transport

Gunupur Station
Gunupur Station

Gunupur is connected to other parts of Odisha by state highway SH17(Gunupur-Digapahandi-Berhampur) and SH04(Paralakhemundi-Gunupur-Rayagada-Koraput). It is also well connected with major cities of Andhra Pradesh. Odisha State Road Transport Corporation, Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation, and Private buses run frequently between Gunupur to other parts of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh. Gunupur is connected by the 90 km long Naupada-Gunupur branch railway line to Naupada railway junction on the Khurda Road-Visakhapatnam section of the Howrah-Chennai route. The nearest airport is the Visakhapatnam Airport at a distance of 200 km towards the south. The other nearest airport is the Bhubaneswar Airport, which is about 360 km.

Tourism

Gunupur and its vicinity have of many charms, is a thrill to the searching eyes. It has the facilities to serve as a base for visiting the nearby place of interest.

Landscape, Puttasing Valley, Gunupur
Landscape, Puttasing Valley, Gunupur

Education

GIET University
GIET University
Department of Computational Sciences,
Department of Computational Sciences,
Gunupur Government Boy's High School Centennial Celebration
Gunupur Government Boy's High School Centennial Celebration

Gunupur is a tribal dominated area but the focus on education has been there from a long time. Its literacy rate is way above the national average. Gunupur had got its first high school way back in 1903 before Independence. It got it first Degree College Estd. 1972. Now Gunupur is a hub of fine educational institutions. GIET University, Gunupur www.giet.edu famous for Engineering, Management, Agriculture, Basic Sciences education in India and abroad. It attracts students from all part of India and overseas. Maharshi gurukul +2 residential college started in the year of 2012, the college is not only for +2 it's also for +3 only for science stream. Gayatri College of Science started on 2017/07/06. Gandhi public school (CBSE Affiliated) is an eminent school of Gunupur.

Religion

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Gunupur
  3. ^ ""Official site of District Court, Rayagada"". Archived from the original on 27 April 2016. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
  4. ^ "State Elections 2004 – Partywise Comparison for 80-Gunupur Constituency of Odisha". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 25 September 2008.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 November 2005. Retrieved 25 September 2008.