Location in Odisha, India
|• Total||41 km2 (16 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||OR 09/OD 09|
|Sex ratio||872 ♂/♀|
Joda is a planned industrial and modern city and municipality in the Kendujhar district of the state of Odisha, India. The area has rich iron and manganese ore deposits and the economy centers on the large-scale production of iron ore and manganese ore. The year-round river named Sona River passes through Joda city. This is the lifeline of the city, as it fulfills the water needs. It is one of the fifth scheduled areas of Odisha. According to sources, these towns have 45% to 48% Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes populations.
As of the 2011[update] Indian census, the population of Joda has been enumerated to be 46,631. Males constitute 52% of the population while females account for 48% of the population. In Joda, 16 percent of the population is less than six years of age. The average literacy rate of Joda is 72.16%, which is lower than the national average literacy rate i.e. 72.87%. Out of it, the male literacy rate is 80% while in Joda the female literacy rate is 63%.According to sources, these towns have 45% to 48% Schedulded Tribes and Scheduled Castes populations.
Joda has a diversified population, inside the Tata Steel township people from various regions of India can be found. They have different cultural, ethnic, religious and language background. So this city has a beautiful cosmopolitan culture.
Main language spoken here is Odia. Earlier the Joda area has been dominated by tribal (Adivasi), local people used to speak in the Ho language (it is written with the "Varang Kshiti", also "Warang Chiti" script) as their mode of communication in past.
As demographics changed due to development, now most people can speak, write all three languages Odia, Hindi & English.
Joda city is managed by Joda Municipal Council. The city is divided into 14 wards for which elections are held every 5 years and councilors for each ward are elected. The councilors elect the Chairman of the Municipal Council.
Joda Municipality has total administration over 10,643 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorize to build roads within Joda Municipality limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.
The city is managed by Joda Municipal Council, but many of the town services are provided by Tata Steel as most of the wards are colonies of Tata Steel employees.
Joda's economy is mostly based on large-scale Steel producers, such as Tata Steel, Jindal Steel and SAIL.
This region has some of the richest iron deposits in India, and as a result of this many steel plants such as TISCO (Renamed Tata Steel Ltd) and Rourkela Steel Plant have their Mineral Processing Plants around Joda region. There is also many other big industries related to steel manufacturing such as Essel Mining And Industries Ltd. of Aditya Birla Group, Bhushan steel, Jindal Steel and many more. At present a number of Sponge Iron Plants have also come up in its periphery due to cheap availability of raw material and labour.
Tata Steel has a Ferro Alloys Plant at Joda and number of mines of Iron & Manganese in the Joda namely Joda East Iron Mine, Khondbond Iron Mine, Katamati Iron Mine, etc. Joda East Iron Mine is the biggest mine the Joda region. There is a big sponge iron plant at Bileipada (8 km from Joda) of Tata Sponge Iron Ltd (subsidiary of Tata Steel Ltd).
It is well connected by railway with the railway station named Banspani. The railway line between Barbil (a town 13 km away from Joda) and Kolkata. Daily train started between Banspani (Railway station of Joda) and Puri (via Keonjhar, Cuttack, Bhubaneswar city). The city is also well connected by daily bus services to all the major cities of Odisha and other states like Jharkhand & West Bengal.
Hotels & Restaurants
There are many hotels and restaurants available in the city.
All the major nationalized and private banks have their branches available in the city.
In Joda there are many parks and gardens developed by Tata Steel. There are also many other tourist attraction around Joda. With the scenic view of forest cover and hills, this region is developing very fast as tourist location.
In education field it is one of the growing town. Many doctors, engineers and lawyers, having reputed positions in different organisations of India and abroad are from this place.
Joda has a number of education institutions. It has various schools and colleges imparting secondary, higher secondary and University education with affiliation from ICSE, CBSE, BSE, CHSE & North Orissa University.