Rayagada
Town
Rayagada Railway Station
Rayagada
Rayagada
Location in Odisha, India
Rayagada
Rayagada
Rayagada (India)
Coordinates: 19°10′N 83°25′E / 19.17°N 83.42°E / 19.17; 83.42Coordinates: 19°10′N 83°25′E / 19.17°N 83.42°E / 19.17; 83.42
Country India
State Odisha
DistrictRayagada
Founded byVishwanath Dev Gajapati
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyRayagada Municipality
 • Member of Legislative AssemblyMakaranda Muduli, IND
Elevation
207 m (679 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total71,308
Languages
 • OfficialOdia
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
765001
Telephone code06856
Vehicle registrationOD-18
Websitehttps://myrayagada.com

Rayagada is a municipality in Rayagada district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is the administrative headquarters of Rayagada district.

History

The city of Rayagada was founded by King Vishwanath Dev Gajapati (1527-1531 CE) of the Suryavansh dynasty of Nandapur Kingdom. It served as the capital of an extensive dominion that stretched from the confines of Bengal to Telangana in the south and was a great center of trade and commerce in the coastal regions of the country. There was also a fort constructed by the king and a row of shrines built along the river Nagavali including the temple of Majhighariani Temple who was considered the guardian deity of the place. Until 1947, the city was in the domains of the Jeypore Maharajahs.[1]

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[2] Rayagada had a population of 57,732. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Rayagada has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 56%. In Rayagada, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. The population of Rayagada town as per 2011 census is 71,208 out of which male population is 36,036 and female population is 35,172.[3]

Notable people

Politics

Current MLA from Rayagada(ST) assembly constituency is Shri Makaranda Muduli(Independent). Previous MLA from Rayagada (ST) Assembly Constituency is Shri Lal Bihari Himrika of Biju Janata Dal, who won the seat in State elections in 2009 Lalbihari Himirika of BJD had won this seat in 2000. After serving as deputy speaker of Odisha assembly, he was serving as a cabinet minister for SC and ST development minister.

Rayagada is part of Koraput (Lok Sabha constituency).[4] Shri Jayram Pangi (Biju Janta Dal) won the general election 2009 defeating Dr. Giridhar Gomango (INC) who represented this constituency 9 times. Jhina Hikaka who won in 2014 elections. Current MP is Shri Saptagiri Sankar Ulaka from INC.

Hanging (Jhula) Bridge at Chakagudda, Rayagada
Hanging (Jhula) Bridge at Chakagudda, Rayagada

Currently N. Bhaskar Rao has been elected to Rajya Sabha from Rayagada.[5]

References

  1. ^ KSB Singh 1939, p. 16.
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Population of Rayagada". Census of India. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
  4. ^ "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies of Odisha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 November 2005. Retrieved 18 September 2008.
  5. ^ "3 BJD Candidates Elected Unopposed To Rajya Sabha In Odisha". www.ndtv.com. Retrieved 3 April 2018.