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Jeypore
Jeypore is located in Odisha
Jeypore
Jeypore
Location in Odisha
Jeypore is located in India
Jeypore
Jeypore
Jeypore (India)
Coordinates: 18°51′55″N 82°34′23″E / 18.86528°N 82.57306°E / 18.86528; 82.57306Coordinates: 18°51′55″N 82°34′23″E / 18.86528°N 82.57306°E / 18.86528; 82.57306
Country India
State Odisha
DistrictKoraput
Founded byMaharajah Veer Vikram Dev
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyJeypore Municipality
 • Member of Legislative AssemblyTara Prasad Bahinipati (INC)
Elevation
659 m (2,162 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total84,830
Demonym(s)Jeypuriya
Languages
 • OfficialOdia
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
764001
Telephone code06854
Vehicle registrationOD-10

Jeypore is one of the largest towns and a place of historical significance in Koraput district in the Indian state of Odisha. It was established by Vir Vikram Dev in the mid 17th century. The kingdom was defeated by the East India Company in 1777 who declared it a Zamindari or Feudatory of the British Crown and much later got acknowledged as a Princely state until its dissolution in the Dominion of India in 1947.[2][3][4]

The erstwhile kingdom was spread over the region of Uttarandhra and Southern Odisha. Geographically, Jeypore is a hilly region surrounded by Eastern Ghats and the Araku hills on three sides like a horseshoe with the western side opening up to Chhattisgarh in central India.

History

Before getting the name ‘Jeypore’ by the Suryavanshi kings this land was ruled by various dynasties like the Satavahanas, Ikshavakus, Nalas, Gangas and Shilavanshis. In 1443, Vinayak Dev the prince of Northern Kashmir married the only daughter of the Shilavanshi king and inherited the kingdom of Nandapur.[citation needed] He extended his territory while ruling as a vassal ruler under the Gajapati empire. However, after the decline of the Gajapati dynasty, the then Nandapur ruler Vishwanath Dev claimed sovereignty and began ruling as an independent chief in the South Odisha and North Andhra Pradesh region under the title of “Nauna-Gajapati”.

According to some sources, Vishwanath was able to extend his kingdom from the boundaries of Bengal in North to the coast of Godavari in South. By doing so he rightfully adopted the title of “Gajapati”.

In 1571, after the death of Vishwanath Dev Gajapati, the kingdom under the kinship of his son Balram Dev lost frequent battles to the Qutb Shahi of Golconda and became a tributary kingdom.[citation needed]

In 1649, Maharaja Veer Vikram Dev abandoned the old capital of Nandapur and founded Jeypore, located amidst hilly ranges and dense forests. It is believed that the continuous intrusion of the Qutb Shahi governor and his military which was weakening the administration of Nandapur forced the king to shift his capital to a strategically viable land. The relationship between Qutb Shahi Sultan and the Maharaja improved significantly in the regime of Veer Vikram. Nevertheless, Krishna Dev, the successor of Veer Vikram, stopped paying tributes to the Golconda Durbar and claimed independence. In 1674, the next ruler, Vishwambhar Dev defeated the Qutb Shahi Governor of Chicacole who administered on behalf of the Sultan of Golconda and re established the control of his family over the North Andhra region up to Godavari. This king is known as the father of the feudal system of Jeypore because he established many zamindaris across the North Andhra and South Odisha region.

However, the military coup executed by Balram Dev III against his brother Maharaja Ramchandra Dev in 1710 ensured the collapse of the kingdom. Many feudatories of Andhra claimed independence from Jeypore and the kingdom lost a large extent of territory.[citation needed]


The kingdom faced many challenges but remained sovereign until the advent of the British in 1777. Maharaja Vikram Dev battled the enemies on two fronts but was defeated on both occasions and his kingdom was demoted to a Zamindari for its hostile stance towards the British.[citation needed]

Under the British, the Anglican Church Mission Society focused on developing hospitals and schools. At the end of the 19th century, missionary activity was overseen by B. Baring-Gould including the development of the Robert Money School. [5][6]

Even as a zamindari, the growth and development of Jeypore continued in the regime of Maharaja Ramchandra Dev III, Maharaja Vikram Dev III, Maharaja Ramchandra Dev IV and the last official ruler, Maharaja Vikram Deo Verma (Vikram Dev IV).[citation needed]

In 2013, Vishweshvar Dev was crowned as the pretender Maharaja of Jeypore becoming the twenty-seventh king on the 570th anniversary of the dynasty.[7]

Education

There are several Odia medium schools in the town such as Government Boys High School, Girls High School, Municipal High School No. I, II and III (girls), Upper Kolab Project High School, Saraswati Sishu vidya mandir, etc. The English medium schools are Modern English School which was established in 1989, Jeypore Public school, Deepti Convent School, DAV Model Senior Secondary School, Redwoods English School and Noval Siddharth English Medium School.

Government Colleges include Vikram Dev College Jeypore, which is one of the oldest and prominent colleges of Odisha established in 1947. The college started at the present P. G. Block was known as 'Jeypore College' from 1 July 1947. As a tribute to the philanthropist king, Rajarshi Vikram Deb Verma, the college was renamed to "Vikram Deb College" in 1961. Honors subjects teaching were imparted from during 1968–73 and Post Graduate courses were started from 1979. The other colleges being Govt. Women's College and Law College. Of late many private colleges have started in the town making the environment highly competitive. Among them, prominent are Narayani Junior College and vidwan institute of basic sciences.

Jeypore also has colleges offering professional courses such as Gopal Krushna College of Engineering & Technology, which was established in the year 1989. Jeypore college of Pharmacy[8] is another renowned pharmacy institute. Along with it various Engineering Diploma colleges are present namely Institute of engineering & Management (I.E.M),[9] Hi-Tech Institute of Information & Technology[10] and Jeypore School of Engineering and Technologies.

Business and economy

Though traditionally an agrarian economy, Jeypore is the business hub for southern Odisha as well as the bordering towns of Andhra Pradesh. There is high potential growth of this town due to high minerals, opportunities, resources around the district adding to all the facilities like rail, air in this town. There are many renowned industries in and around Jeypore. Business units include Sewa Paper Mills,[11] now a part of BILT, and numerous rice & cashew processing units

Politics

After independence, in the first General Election held in 1952, Late Laichan Nayak was elected as the first MLA of Jeypore and reelected for a subsequent term in 1957. Raghunath Patnaik has been elected for 6 times to the state legislative assembly. Rabi Narayan Nanda has been elected for 3 successive terms starting from the assembly elections in 2000. Tara Prasad Bahinipati is the present MLA.[12]

Jeypore is part of Koraput (Lok Sabha constituency).

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Population by religion community – 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015.
  2. ^ "History | Koraput District, Government Of Odisha | India". koraput.nic.in. Retrieved 17 June 2021.
  3. ^ Sciences, Indian Academy of (1949). Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences. Indian Academy of Sciences. p. 35.
  4. ^ Majumdar, A (1962). The History and culture of the Indian people. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. pp. 9, 189.
  5. ^ Baring-Gould, Edith M. E.; Young, W. Mackworth (1901). With note-book and camera: a winter journey in foreign lands. London: Church Missionary Society.
  6. ^ Money, Charles Forbes Septimus; Money, Robert Cotton (1857). Memoir on the education of the natives of India ... With an introductory notice by the Rev. C. F. S. Money. London: Wertheim and Macintosh. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  7. ^ Pattnaik, Satyanarayan. "Jeypore hails its new lord". Times of India. Times of India. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
  8. ^ "Jeypore College of Pharmacy | Jeypore College of Pharmacy".
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 March 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2020.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ http://www.hiitjeypore.org www.hiitjeypore.org
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2012.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Odisha Legislative Assembly". odishaassembly.nic.in. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
  13. ^ "Never to take things for granted in this industry" Interview with Biswanath Rath CEO of BNR". theasianentrepreneur.com. 12 October 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2018.