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Raja Ravi Varma, Keechaka and Sairandhri, 1890.jpg
Keechak tries to molest Sairandhri (Draupadi), painting by Raja Ravi Varma.
FamilySucharita (daughter) Sudeshna (elder sister),
Virata (brother-in-law)
Uttara, Uttarā, and Shankha (nephew - niece)

In the Hindu epic Mahabharata, Kichaka or Keechaka is the commander-in-chief of Matsya kingdom, the country ruled by King Virata. He was the 1st Younger Brother of Sudeshna, the queen of Virata.[1] Kichaka was a very powerful man and had immense strength. He saved Virata's kingdom many times from foes. He was killed by Bhima because he was harassing Draupadi and received a punishment.

In the Mahabharata

Birth and family

Sudeshna, was the Elder Sister for Kichaka & 105 Upakichakas. Total : 106 Younger Brothers ( Kichaka, Upakichakas ) for Queen Sudeshna. Total Children : 107 ( Sudeshna, Kichaka, Upakichakas ). Malavi, Kekaya : The King of the Sutas, was the : Mother & Father of : Queen Sudeshna, Kichaka, Upakichakas. Kichaka, was their Eldest Son and had 105 Younger Brothers known as the Upakichakas. All of them were born from the aspects of Banasura. Kichaka became Virata's brother-in-law after Queen Sudeshna married King Virata.[citation needed]

The year of incognito

Bhima kills Kichaka.
Bhima kills Kichaka.
Bhima Kills Kichaka and his brothers, signed by Dhannu - Mughal Miniature Painting, circa 1598-99
Bhima Kills Kichaka and his brothers, signed by Dhannu - Mughal Miniature Painting, circa 1598-99

Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas was disguised as a Sairandhri (female servant) with the name Malini in King Virata's palace for one year. Kichaka once saw Malini and madly desired to enjoy her beauty, but she refused. Kichaka mentioned his lust for Malini to Queen Sudeshna and requested to send her to serve wine for him. While Malini was serving the wine, Kichaka met her and tried to embrace her. She cried and pushed him down. Draupadi, alias Malini, was then pursued by Kichaka to the throne room, where she was seized by hair, brought down to the ground and kicked before a full assembly of courtiers, including her disguised husband Yudhishthira (who was Kanka at that time) and King Virata. Neither Yudhishthira nor King Virata could react because Kichaka wielded so much power within the kingdom.

Seething from the public insult, Draupadi consulted Yudhishthira's brother, Bhima, at night, who was disguised as the palace cook. Together, they hatched a plan wherein Draupadi, who would again be disguised as Malini, would pretend to seduce Kichaka in order to arrange a rendezvous in the dance hall after dark. When Kichaka arrived in the dance hall, he saw, much to his pleasure, who he thought to be a sleeping Malini, as in the dark he couldn't recognize the sleeping person. As Kichaka advanced forward, the person who he thought to be Malini revealed themselves as Bhima and a fight occurred in which Bhima brutally kills Kichaka with his bare hands, leaving the corpse almost unrecognisable.

Malini then alarmed the keepers to behold a lifeless Kichaka, slain by her husband's Gandharva. Kichaka’s relatives addressed the King, 'Since it was for her sake that Kichaka lost his life, let her be cremated alongside him'. Then Kichaka’s people turned upon her, seizing Malini violently, binding and placing her upon the pier, as they set out towards the cemetery. Malini, while being carried, cried out for protection from her husband, Yudhishthira. Bhima, upon hearing these sorrowful words, without losing a moment, quickly changed his attire, hurried out of the palace in the fastest way possible (through a wrong egress, as he knew a shortcut), scaling a wall via a tree. Bhima reaching the funeral pyre, uprooted a large tree and rushed towards those Sutas. And beholding him approaching them, they set Draupadi, alias Malini free and ran towards the city. Meanwhile, he despatched, by means of that tree, all hundred and five of them unto the abode of Yama. The people of the city informed King Virata about this incident. Virata filled with fear, welcomes Draupadi. At the terrible feat of the slaughter of Kichaka, King Duryodhana’s spies after investigating about this incident, informed him about Virata's kingdom.[2] Only Balaram, Shalya and Bhima could kill Kichaka in hand to hand combat.

Making Shashirekha his wife

Duryodhana was immensed to marry a girl, who is beautiful. Later, when the Purohits delievered this message to Duryodhana that, there is a beautiful woman named Shashirekha, who is the daughter of Brihadratha. Duryodhana was actually loved by the name "Shashirekha". he also asked Kichaka about this message. Now, Jarasandha also wanted to fix his sister's marriage with Duryodhana.


Some believe that the village named Ekachakra, or Kaiwara where the Pandavas finally settled after the escape from the murder-attempt, belonged to the kingdom of Kichaka. It is mentioned that the city named Vetrakiya (a city on the banks of river Vetravati, the modern-day river Betwa) was the capital of this kingdom. Vetravati is believed to be the same as the river Suktimati on the banks of which lay the Chedi capital Suktimati. It is a tributary of Yamuna to the east of Charmanvati, yet another tributary of Yamuna. The Kingdom of Kichaka is identified to be lying between Charmanwati and Vetravati rivers, i.e., to the south of southern-Panchala; to the north of Chedi and to the east of Matsya-proper.

Also in the Amravati District situated in the State of Maharashtra, there is a place named Chikhaldara. It is somewhat like a Hill Station to the nearby region because of its exotic scenery and significant altitude. There one finds a waterfall and adjacent to it aboard is installed (probably by the Maharashtra Tourism Development Board) which says that Bhima had killed Kichaka at that spot and upon throwing his body in the deep waterfall, had washed his blood filled hands in the water flowing through the creek. And because of this, the place had derived its name as 'Kichakdhara' and with the passing of time, it became as present days 'Chikhaldara'. Also, some proof was also found of the same in a location near Virata Nagar near Alwar in Rajasthan State where Pandavas lived during Agyatwas.


  1. ^ SRIKRISHNA The Lord Of The Universe By SHIVAJI SAWANT. ISBN 9789386888242. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  2. ^ "Virata Parva". Sacred text. Retrieved 18 May 2019.