Bhadrak district
Dhamra Port.jpg
Kanjiapal, Odisha 756117, India - panoramio (5).jpg
Top: Dhamra Port
Bottom: Fields near Kanjiapal
Location in Odisha
Location in Odisha
Bhadrak district
Coordinates: 21°04′00″N 86°30′00″E / 21.0667°N 86.5000°E / 21.0667; 86.5000Coordinates: 21°04′00″N 86°30′00″E / 21.0667°N 86.5000°E / 21.0667; 86.5000
Country India
State Odisha
HeadquartersBhadrak
Government
 • CollectorGyana Ranjan Das
 • Member of ParliamentManjulata Mandala, BJD
 • Member of Legislative AssemblySanjib Mallick BJD
Area
 • Total2,505 km2 (967 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,506,337
 • Rank12
 • Density601/km2 (1,560/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code06784
Vehicle registrationOD-22
Sex ratio981 /
male760,591
female745,931
Literacy83.25%
Precipitation1,427.9 millimetres (56.22 in)
Avg. summer temperature48 °C (118 °F)
Avg. winter temperature17 °C (63 °F)
Websitebhadrak.nic.in

Bhadrak District is a district of Odisha state in eastern India. Bhadrak city is the headquarters and the largest city of the district.

Origin of name

The district is named after goddess Bhadrakali whose temple is situated in Aharpada which is 8 km distant from the Bhadrak city.

History

The district includes Rakta Tirtha Eram in Basudevpur, where about 30 people along with a woman named Pari Bewa were killed by the British police, DSP Kunjabihari Mohanty while fighting for independence. The legendary history of Bhadrak District dates back to the age of the Puranas when Odisha achieved thriving maritime and agrarian prosperity. As far as the history is concerned, king Mukunda Dev was the last sovereign indigenous ruler of Bhadrak. After the year 1575 following the discomfiture of the Afghans at the hand of Raja Man Singh under the Mughal period Bhadrak District survived as a Subha and later passed under the Nawabs of Bengal. When the Mughals diminished from the political scenario of Bhadrak District. In course of time Bhadrak District has passed on to the Marathas until the British occupied the entire region of Odisha.

Since independence, the history of Bhadrak has been the history of multifarious progress in Education, Industry, Agriculture, Trade and commerce and with the birth of a new star it is leaping towards the twenty-first century with hope and promise.

There are many historical places and monuments to visit in the Bhadrak District. Palia is famous for Biranchi Narayan Temple. Sri Radha Madanmohan temple is one of the most visited temples of Bhadrak District. Aradi situated at a distance of 10 km from Chandabali is famous for the temple of Akhandalamani. Chandabali is the first port to be established in odisha.

On 1 April 1993, this district was carved out from the Balasore District and became a separate entity.

Administrative Division

It consists of 1370 villages which constitute 7 Blocks. There are 4 urban bodies. They are Bhadrak and Basudevpur municipality and Chandabali and Dhamnagar NAC.

Geography

The district has an area of 2,505 km². Bhadrak town is situated at a distance of 125 km from the state capital, Bhubaneswar. Salandi River passes by this district. Baitarani flows by Chandabali town and falls into the Bay of Bengal at Dhamara.

Economy

Agriculture is the main income of the district. But many people in the coastal area Dhamara of Chandabali Block to Padhuan of Basudevpur Block are depending upon the Fishing. Major fishing harbors are located at Dhamara, Kasia & Chudamani Some people in the Municipality area have sound small business.

Tourist places

Transport

Bhadrak railway station is the biggest railway station of Bhadrak district and serves Bhadrak city. An important upcoming town in Bhadrak district is Dhamara, which is upcoming newly built mega-port of the district. New railway line from Bhadrak to Dhamra is constructed. Dhamra Airport is proposed to be built by the Dhamra Port Company Limited, 20 km from Dhamra Port[2]

Also Chennai- Kolkata NH-16 is passing through Bhadrak city.

Demographics

Religion in Bhadrak district (2011)[3]
Religion Percent
Hindus
92.84%
Muslims
6.92%
Others
0.24%

According to the 2011 census Bhadrak district has a population of 1,506,337,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[5] or the US state of Hawaii.[6] This gives it a ranking of 332nd in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 601 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,560/sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 12.95%.[4] Bhadrak has a sex ratio of 981 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 83.25%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 22.23% and 2.02% of the population respectively.[4]

Languages of Bhadrak district (2011)[7]

  Odia (90.56%)
  Urdu (6.61%)
  Bengali (1.46%)
  Others (1.37%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 90.56% of the population in the district spoke Odia, 6.61% Urdu, 1.46% Bengali and 0.47% Santali as their first language.[7]

Culture

Notable people

Condition

Bhadrak district has been doing good in every consideration. A new palace type collectorate is constructed and being in service since 2016. The roads and environment is so clean to eyes. It has a large bus stand near Dakshinkali Temple and by NH-16.Every types of modern malls are there. It is the city of brotherhood between Hindu and Muslims. Both celebrate their ceremonies together with each other. In Puruna Bazaar there Budha Ganesh puja is celebrated by both Hindus and Muslims. It has Bhadrak autonomous college, which is soon going to be a university. New medical site is being started construction having 100 nursing training seats. It has been declared as the first nectar city of Odisha. It has Dhamara port which is so large and going to be the largest port in Asia. A polytechnic university is going to be started soon.

Politics

Vidhan sabha constituencies

Main article: List of constituencies of Odisha Vidhan Sabha

The following is the 5 Vidhan sabha constituencies[8][9] of Bhadrak district and the elected members[10] of that area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 15th Assembly Party
43 Bhandaripokhari None Bhandaripokhari, Bonth Prafulla Samal BJD
44 Bhadrak None Bhadrak (M), Bhadrak Sanjib Mallick BJD
45 Basudevpur None Basudevpur, Basudevpur, Tihidi (part) Bishnubrata Routray BJD
46 Dhamnagar SC Dhamnagar, Tihidi (part) Bishnu Sethi BJP
47 Chandabali None Chandabali, Tihidi (part) Byomakesh Ray BJD

Lok Sabha constituency

Bhadrak district belongs to Bhadrak constituency. Its member of parliament is Manjulata Mandal (BJD)

References

  1. ^ "Bhadrakh District - Famous Temples, Tourist, Picnic Places". www.nuaodisha.com. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  2. ^ "Adani Group plans airport at Dhamra". The Times of India. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  3. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religious Community: Odisha". Census of India, 2011. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook 2011 - Bhadrak" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Gabon 1,576,665
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Hawaii 1,360,301
  7. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Odisha". Census of India 2011. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  8. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  9. ^ Seats of Odisha
  10. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME