Bhadrak
From Top; Left to Right: Bhadrak City view, Dhamra Port, Akhandalamani Temple and Bhadrak Railway Station
Location in Odisha
Location in Odisha
Coordinates: 21°04′00″N 86°30′00″E / 21.0667°N 86.5000°E / 21.0667; 86.5000
Country India
State Odisha
HeadquartersBhadrak
Government
 • CollectorSiddheshwar Baliram Bondar IAS
 • SPVarun Guntupalli IPS
 • Member of ParliamentManjulata Mandala, BJD
 • Member of Legislative AssemblySanjib Mallick BJD
Area
 • Total2,505 km2 (967 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,506,337
 • Rank12
 • Density601/km2 (1,560/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English
 • OtherUrdu, Bengali
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code06784
Vehicle registrationOD-22
Sex ratio981 /
Literacy83.25%
Precipitation1,427.9 millimetres (56.22 in)
Avg. summer temperature48 °C (118 °F)
Avg. winter temperature17 °C (63 °F)
Websitebhadrak.nic.in

Bhadrak is a district of Odisha state in eastern India. Bhadrak city is the headquarters and the largest city of the district.

Origin of name

The district is named after goddess Bhadrakali whose temple is situated on bank of Salandi river, 8 km distant from the Bhadrak city.[1]

History

Bhadrak District, located in the Indian state of Odisha, boasts a rich historical legacy dating back to the era of the Puranas, a period marked by flourishing maritime and agricultural prosperity in the region. One notable chapter in its history occurred at Rakta Tirtha Eram in Basudevpur, where a tragic incident unfolded during the struggle for independence. Under the leadership of DSP Kunjabihari Mohanty, British police forces were responsible for the loss of approximately 30 lives, including that of a prominent figure named Pari Bewa.

In the annals of Bhadrak's history, King Mukunda Dev stands as the final indigenous sovereign ruler of the region. However, after the year 1575, following the defeat of the Afghans by Raja Man Singh during the Mughal period, Bhadrak District underwent a transformation. It transitioned into a Subha and subsequently fell under the governance of the Nawabs of Bengal as the Mughals exerted their influence over the political landscape of Bhadrak.

Over time, Bhadrak District came under Maratha rule until the British Empire extended its dominion across the entirety of Odisha. This historical progression underscores the diverse and complex tapestry of Bhadrak's past, characterized by shifts in governance and significant events that left lasting imprints on the region's identity and heritage.[2]

Following its attainment of independence, the history of Bhadrak has been marked by a multifaceted journey of progress across various sectors, encompassing Education, Industry, Agriculture, Trade, and Commerce. With the emergence of new opportunities and the advent of promising developments, Bhadrak has propelled itself towards the twenty-first century with a sense of optimism and the potential for further advancement. This forward trajectory reflects the region's commitment to growth and its aspirations for a prosperous future.[3]

Bhadrak District boasts a wealth of historical sites and monuments, inviting visitors to explore its rich heritage. Among these, Palia stands out as the renowned location of the Biranchi Narayan Temple,[4] while the Sri Radha Madanmohan Temple ranks as one of the district's most frequented religious sites.[5] Notably, Aradi, situated just 10 kilometers from Chandabali, is celebrated for its Akhandalamani Temple. Chandabali, historically significant as the first port established in Odisha, adds another layer of intrigue to the region's cultural and historical tapestry. These sites collectively contribute to the district's allure for travelers and history enthusiasts alike.

On 1 April 1993, the Bhadrak District was established as an independent administrative entity, having been carved out from the Balasore District. This significant administrative change marked the district's emergence as a distinct and separate region within the state of Odisha, India.[6]

Administrative Division

It consists of 1370 villages which constitute 7 Blocks. There are 4 urban bodies. They are Bhadrak and Basudevpur municipality and Chandabali and Dhamnagar NAC.

Geography

Map
Map
Map

The district has an area of 2,505 km2 (967 sq mi). Bhadrak town is 125 km (78 mi) from the state capital, Bhubaneswar. Salandi River passes by this district. Baitarani flows by Chandabali town and falls into the Bay of Bengal at Dhamara.[7]

Economy

Agriculture is the main source of income for the district. But many people in the coastal area, from Dhamara of Chandabali Block to Padhuan of Basudevpur Block, depend on upon the Fishing. Major fishing harbors are located at Dhama,rand, Kasia & .Chudamani Some peoplmunicipalicipality area have sound smalles business.[8]

Tourist places

Transport

Bhadrak railway station is the biggest railway station of Bhadrak district and serves Bhadrak city. An important upcoming town in Bhadrak district is Dhamara, which is upcoming newly built mega-port of the district. New railway line from Bhadrak to Dhamra is constructed. Dhamra Airport is proposed to be built by the Dhamra Port Company Limited, 20 km from Dhamra Port[10]

Also Chennai- Kolkata NH-16, State Highway 35,53 and 57 are passing through Bhadrak district,and also going to connect with NH-316A with Dhamara

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901461,056—    
1911454,658−0.14%
1921422,890−0.72%
1931428,337+0.13%
1941448,387+0.46%
1951447,270−0.02%
1961576,842+2.58%
1971739,274+2.51%
1981895,081+1.93%
19911,105,834+2.14%
20011,333,749+1.89%
20111,506,337+1.22%
Source: Census of India[11]
Religion in Bhadrak district (2011)[12]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
92.84%
Islam
6.92%
Other or not stated
0.24%

According to the 2011 census Bhadrak district has a population of 1,506,337,[13] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[14] or the US state of Hawaii.[15] This gives it a ranking of 332nd in India (out of a total of 640).[13] The district has a population density of 601 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,560/sq mi) .[13] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 12.95%.[13] Bhadrak has a sex ratio of 981 females for every 1000 males,[13] and a literacy rate of 83.25%. 12.34% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 22.23% and 2.02% of the population respectively.[13]

Languages of Bhadrak district (2011)[16]

  Odia (90.56%)
  Urdu (6.61%)
  Bengali (1.46%)
  Others (1.37%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 90.56% of the population in the district spoke Odia, 6.61% Urdu, 1.46% Bengali and 0.47% Santali as their first language.[16]

Culture

Notable people

Condition

Bhadrak district has been doing good in every consideration. A new palace type collectorate is constructed and being in service since 2016. The roads and environment is so clean to eyes. It has a large bus stand near Dakshinkali Temple and by NH-16.Every types of modern malls are there. It is the city of brotherhood between Hindu and Muslims. Both celebrate their ceremonies together with each other. In Puruna Bazaar there Budha Ganesh puja is celebrated by both Hindus and Muslims. It has Bhadrak autonomous college, which is soon going to be a university. New medical site is being started construction having 100 nursing training seats. It has been declared as the first nectar city of Odisha. It has Dhamara port which is so large and going to be the largest port in Asia. A polytechnic university is going to be started soon.

Politics

Vidhan sabha constituencies

Main article: List of constituencies of Odisha Vidhan Sabha

The following is the 5 Vidhan sabha constituencies[17][18] of Bhadrak district and the elected members[19] of that area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 15th Assembly Party
43 Bhandaripokhari None Bhandaripokhari, Bonth Prafulla Samal BJD
44 Bhadrak None Bhadrak (M), Bhadrak Sanjib Mallick BJD
45 Basudevpur None Basudevpur, Basudevpur, Tihidi (part) Bishnubrata Routray BJD
46 Dhamnagar SC Dhamnagar, Tihidi (part) Suryabanshi Suraj BJP
47 Chandabali None Chandabali, Tihidi (part) Byomakesh Ray BJD

Lok Sabha constituency

Bhadrak district belongs to Bhadrak constituency. Its member of parliament is Manjulata Mandal (BJD)

References

  1. ^ "About District | Bhadrak District, Government of Odisha | India". Retrieved 6 July 2023.
  2. ^ "About District | Bhadrak District, Government of Odisha | India". Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  3. ^ http://www.msmedicuttack.gov.in/annualreport/DIPS-BHADRAK%202019-20.pdf
  4. ^ Senapati, Sangram Keshari (18 June 2018). "Biranchinarayan Temple, Palia - Another Sun Temple in Bharak". My Photography ~ Gapu Photography. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  5. ^ "Google Travel". www.google.com.pk. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  6. ^ "About District | Bhadrak District, Government of Odisha | India". Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  7. ^ https://gopabandhuacademy.gov.in/sites/default/files/gazetter/Bhadrak_Gazetteer.pdf
  8. ^ "Economy | Bhadrak District, Government of Odisha | India". Retrieved 6 September 2023.
  9. ^ "Bhadrakh District - Famous Temples, Tourist, Picnic Places". www.nuaodisha.com. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  10. ^ "Adani Group plans airport at Dhamra". The Times of India. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  11. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  12. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religious Community: Odisha". Census of India, 2011. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  13. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook 2011 - Bhadrak" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  14. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Gabon 1,576,665
  15. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Hawaii 1,360,301
  16. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Odisha". Census of India 2011. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  17. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  18. ^ Seats of Odisha
  19. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME