Subarnapur district
Sonepur
Lankeswari Temple, Subarnapur
Nickname(s): 
City of Temples & Crafts
Location in Odisha
Location in Odisha
Subarnapur district
Coordinates: 20°51′N 83°54′E / 20.85°N 83.9°E / 20.85; 83.9Coordinates: 20°51′N 83°54′E / 20.85°N 83.9°E / 20.85; 83.9
Country India
State Odisha
RegionWestern Odisha
EstablishedApril 1st, 1993
HeadquartersSubarnapur
Government
 • Collector & District MagistrateMonisha Banerjee, IAS
 • Divisional Forest Officer Cum Wildlife WardenSushant K. Samantaray, OFS
 • Superintendent of PoliceDebi Prasad Dash, OPS
Area
 • Total2,284.4 km2 (882.0 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total610,183
 • Density231/km2 (600/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English
 • SpokenSambalpuri
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
767 xxx
Telephone code+91 665x
Vehicle registrationOD 31
Nearest cityBalangir
Sex ratio1000:966 /
Literacy64.07%
Lok Sabha constituencyBolangir
Vidhan Sabha constituency064-Birmaharajpur (SC)
065-Sonepur
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,443.5 millimetres (56.83 in)
Avg. annual temperature30 °C (86 °F)
Avg. summer temperature45 °C (113 °F)
Avg. winter temperature24 °C (75 °F)
Websitewww.subarnapur.nic.in

Subarnapur District, also called Sonepur District or Sonapur District, is an administrative district in western Odisha state in eastern India. The town of Sonepur is the district headquarters. Sonepur has a rich cultural heritage and is known as the Mandiramalini town (city of temples) of Odisha with more than hundred temples. The people of the Sonepur region are referred to as Sonepuria.

History

In the 8th century CE, the region was known as Swarnapur and was rules by vassal lords of the Bhaumkaras of Tosali. The region was then ruled by the Somavamsis and eventually became one of two capitals of the Somavamsis. Around the 10th and 11th centuries, the region was called Pashima Lanka or Western Lanka.[2] The evidence for these names comes from a Somavamsi prince of the region called Kumara Someswaradeva who issued a copper plate charter in the late 10th century which identified him as the ruler of Paschima Lanka.[3] Historically, the presiding deity of the region was the goddess Lankeswari.[4] At some point during Somavamsi rule, the region was given its current name, Subarnapur. It was formally established as a district in 1993.[citation needed]

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Subarnapur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]

Divisions

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, Subarnapur district has a population of 610,183,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Montenegro[6] or the US state of Vermont.[7] The district is the 512th most populous in India out of a total of 640.[1] The district has a population density of 279 inhabitants per square kilometre (720/sq mi).[1] Its population growth rate over the decade of 2001–2011 was 20.35%.[1] Subarnapur has a sex ratio of 959 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 74.42%.[1] Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 25.60% and 9.37% of the population respectively.[8] Hindus are the predominant religion, with 99.19% of the population.

Languages of Subarnapur district (2011)[9]

  Sambalpuri (59.67%)
  Odia (39.30%)
  Others (1.03%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 59.67% of the population in the district spoke Sambalpuri and 39.30% Odia as their first language.[9]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901117,731—    
1911164,230+3.38%
1921189,687+1.45%
1931211,684+1.10%
1941229,296+0.80%
1951241,413+0.52%
1961274,515+1.29%
1971322,578+1.63%
1981397,386+2.11%
1991476,815+1.84%
2001541,835+1.29%
2011610,183+1.20%
source:[10]

Culture

Subarnapur is home to a wide variety of cultural heritage, arts, and crafts. The Sonepur area specializes in textiles and terracotta, Tarbha and Binka produce brass metal works, Ullunda is home to a tradition of stone carving, and Dunguripali produces Paddy crafts.[citation needed]

Subarnapur is home to the poet and prophet Mahima Dharma. The district is also known for "Danda-nata", a religious folk tradition which is native to the area.[11]

Temple town, Sonepur

Tourist attractions

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Saree

Notable people

Education in Subarnapur district

Main article: Education in Subarnapur district

Schools

Colleges

Politics

This district is a part of Balangir Lok Sabha constituency. The MP of Balangir is Sangeeta Kumari Singh Deo from the BJP.

Vidhan Sabha Constituencies

Main article: List of constituencies of Odisha Vidhan Sabha

The following are the two Vidhan sabha constituencies[12][13] of Subarnapur district and the elected members of each area.[14]

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
64 Birmajarajpur SC Ulunda, Birmaharajpur, Binka (NAC), Binika (part) Padmanabh Behera BJD
65 Sonepur None Sonepur, Tarabha, Tarabha (NAC), Sonepur (M), Dunguripali, Binka (part) Niranjan Pujari BJD

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook 2011 - Subarnapur" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  2. ^ Web site of Planning Commission of India
  3. ^ Some New Facts About Goddess Samlei
  4. ^ Encyclopaedia of tourism resources in India, Volume 2
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Montenegro 661,807 July 2011 est.
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Vermont 625,741
  8. ^ "Demography | Subarnapur District,Government of Odisha | India". Retrieved 2020-09-17.
  9. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Odisha". Census of India 2011. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  10. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  11. ^ (Pasayat,1994:413-427;2003)
  12. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  13. ^ Seats of Odisha
  14. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME