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Sundargarh district
Khandadhar Waterfall.jpg
The Institute
Top: Khandadhar Waterfall
Bottom: NIT Rourkela
Location in Odisha
Location in Odisha
Coordinates: 22°06′58″N 84°00′58″E / 22.116°N 84.016°E / 22.116; 84.016Coordinates: 22°06′58″N 84°00′58″E / 22.116°N 84.016°E / 22.116; 84.016
Country India
State Odisha
HeadquartersSundargarh
Government
 • Collector & District MagistrateDr. Gavali Parag Harshad, IAS
 • Superintendent of Police of Sundargarh Police DistrictSagarika Nath, IPS
 • Superintendent of Police of Rourkela Police DistrictMukesh Kumar Bhamoo, IPS
 • Member of ParliamentJual Oram, (BJP)
 • Member of Legislative AssemblyKusum Tete, (BJP)
Area
 • Total9,712 km2 (3,750 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total2,093,437
 • Density216/km2 (560/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English
 • SpokenSadri, Kurukh, Munda, Kharia
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
769 xxx, 770 xxx
Vehicle registrationOD-16, OD-14
Literacy73.34%
Lok Sabha constituencySundargarh(ST)
Vidhan Sabha constituency7
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,657.1 millimetres (65.24 in)
Websitewww.sundargarh.nic.in

Sundargarh District is a district in the northwestern part of Odisha state in eastern India.

Sundargarh district is bounded by Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh in the west, Jashpur district of Chhattisgarh in the North-West, Simdega district of Jharkhand in the North, West Singhbhum district of Jharkhand and Keonjhar district of Odisha in the east and Jharsuguda, Sambalpur, Deogarh and Angul districts of Odisha in the South. The town of Sundargarh is the district headquarters. Rourkela is the largest city in the entire district.

Geography

The Sundargarh district forms the northwestern part of the Odisha state and is the second largest district in the state accounting for 6.23% of the total area. The geographical area of the district is 9,712 km2 (3,750 sq mi). The district spreads from 21°36′N to 22°32′N and from 83°32′E to 85°22′E.[2]

Demographics

Religions in Sundergarh district (2011)[3]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
73.20%
Christianity
18.39%
Sarnaism
4.30%
Islam
3.41%
Other or not stated
0.70%

According to the 2011 census Sundargarh district has a population of 2,093,437,[1] roughly equal to the nation of North Macedonia[4] or the US state of New Mexico.[5] This gives it a ranking of 221st in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 214 inhabitants per square kilometre (550/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 13.66%.[1] Sundargarh has a sex ratio of 973 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 73.34%.[1]

Languages of Sundergarh district (2011)[6]

  Odia (45.89%)
  Sadri (14.80%)
  Munda (9.62%)
  Hindi (6.98%)
  Kurukh (5.57%)
  Kisan (4.57%)
  Kharia (4.38%)
  Urdu (2.14%)
  Bengali (1.52%)
  Others (4.53%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 45.89% of the population in the district spoke Odia, 14.8% Sadri, 9.62% Mundari, 6.98% Hindi, 5.57% Kurukh, 4.57% Kisan, 4.38% Kharia, 2.14% Urdu and 1.52% Bengali as their first language.[6]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901277,173—    
1911362,138+2.71%
1921377,449+0.41%
1931436,860+1.47%
1941490,708+1.17%
1951552,203+1.19%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1961758,617+3.23%
19711,030,758+3.11%
19811,337,871+2.64%
19911,573,617+1.64%
20011,830,673+1.52%
20112,093,437+1.35%
source:[7]

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sundargarh one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[8] It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[8]

Politics

Lok Sabha

Main article: Sundargarh (Lok Sabha constituency)

Present Lok Sabha MP is Jual Oram who is representing the seat from 2014.

Vidhan Sabha Constituencies

Main article: List of constituencies of Odisha Vidhan Sabha

The following is the list of 7 Vidhan Sabha constituencies[9][10] of Sundargarh district and the elected members[11] of that area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 16th Assembly Party
8 Talsara ST Subdega, Balisankara, Baragaon, Lephripara (part) Bhabani Shankar Bhoi BJP
9 Sundargarh ST Sundargarh (M), Sundargarh, Tangarpali, Hemgiri, Lephripara (part) Kusum Tete BJP
10 Biramitrapur ST Biramitrapur (M), Kuarmunda, Nuagaon, Bisra (part) Shankar Oram BJP
11 Raghunathpali SC Rourkela (Township), Lathikata (part) Subrat Tarai BJD
12 Rourkela None Rourkela (M), Kulunga (O.G.), Bisra (part) Sarada Prasad Nayak BJD
13 Rajgangpur ST Rajgangpur (M), Rajgangpur, Kutra, Lathikata (part) Rajeen Ekka INC
14 Bonai ST Gurundia, Bonaigarh, Lahunipara, Koira Laxman Munda CPI(M)

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census Handbook 2011 - Jharsuguda" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  2. ^ "Sundargarh District at a Glance :". Sundergarh.nic.in. 1 January 1948. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  3. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religious Community: Odisha". Census of India, 2011. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. North Macedonia 2,077,328 July 2011 est.
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Mexico – 2,059,179
  6. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Odisha". Census of India 2011. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  7. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  9. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  10. ^ Seats of Odisha
  11. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME