Simdega district
River near Ambapani
River near Ambapani
Location of Simdega district in Jharkhand
Location of Simdega district in Jharkhand
Country India
State Jharkhand
DivisionSouth Chotanagpur
HeadquartersSimdega
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesKhunti
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies3
Area
 • Total3,774 km2 (1,457 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total599,578
 • Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
 • Urban
42,944
Demographics
 • Literacy67.59 per cent
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Average annual precipitation85% mm
Websitehttp://simdega.nic.in/

Simdega district is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India, and Simdega town is the administrative headquarters of this district. This district is the least population density district of jharkhand(2011).This district was carved out from erstwhile Gumla district on 30 April 2001. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[1] As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Jharkhand (out of 24), after Lohardaga and Khunti districts.[2]

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Simdega one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]

Administration

Blocks/Mandals

The following are the list of blocks (10 blocks) in Simdega district.

  1. Bano block
  2. Bansjore block
  3. Bolba block
  4. Jaldega block
  5. Kersai block
  6. Kolebira block
  7. Kurdeg block
  8. Pakartanr block
  9. Simdega block
  10. Thethaitangar block

Demographics

Religions in Simdega district (2011)[4]
Christianity
51.14%
Hinduism
33.61%
Others
12.35%
Islam
2.52%
Not stated
0.38%

According to the 2011 census Simdega district has a population of 599,578,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[5] or the US state of Wyoming.[6] This gives it a ranking of 526th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 160 inhabitants per square kilometre (410/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.62%.[2] Simdega has a sex ratio of 1000 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 67.59%. It is the only Christian majority district in Jharkhand.[4] Schedule Caste (SC) constitutes 7.5% while Schedule Tribe (ST) were 70.8% of total population.[2]

Languages of Simdega district (2011)

  Sadri (53.91%)
  Mundari (22.50%)
  Kharia (15.44%)
  Hindi (4.02%)
  Kurukh (1.44%)
  Urdu (1.36%)
  Others (1.33%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 53.91% of the population in the district spoke Sadri, 22.50% Mundari, 15.44% Kharia, 4.02% Hindi, 1.44% Kurukh and 1.36% Urdu as their first language.[7]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901179,857—    
1911210,096+1.57%
1921202,128−0.39%
1931237,371+1.62%
1941253,770+0.67%
1951281,912+1.06%
1961315,806+1.14%
1971378,731+1.83%
1981403,900+0.65%
1991446,421+1.01%
2001514,320+1.43%
2011599,578+1.55%
source:[8]

Culture

Popular places in Simdega District

See also

References

  1. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expendure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 11 December 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  4. ^ a b Simdega District Population Census 2011, Jharkhand literacy sex ratio and density
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Solomon Islands 571,890 July 2011 est.
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Wyoming 563,626
  7. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  8. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901

Coordinates: 22°36′36″N 84°30′00″E / 22.61000°N 84.50000°E / 22.61000; 84.50000