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Silli
Community development block
Jonha Falls
Jonha Falls
Silli is located in Jharkhand
Silli
Silli
Location in Jharkhand
Silli is located in India
Silli
Silli
Silli (India)
Coordinates: 23°21′07″N 85°50′10″E / 23.352°N 85.836°E / 23.352; 85.836Coordinates: 23°21′07″N 85°50′10″E / 23.352°N 85.836°E / 23.352; 85.836
Country India
StateJharkhand
DistrictRanchi
Government
 • TypeFederal democracy
Area
 • Total289.54 km2 (111.79 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total113,798
 • Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
835102
Telephone/STD code06522
Literacy73.73%
Lok Sabha constituencyRanchi
Vidhan Sabha constituencySilli
Websiteranchi.nic.in

Silli is a CD block that forms an administrative subdistrict in the Ranchi Sadar subdivision of Ranchi district, in the Indian state of Jharkhand.

Maoist activities, dissent

Jharkhand is one of the states affected by Maoist activities. As of 2012, Ranchi district was among the highly affected districts in the state.[1] “Areas of Tamar, Bundu, Sonahatu, Angarha, Sikidari Police Stations and Rahe O.P. have been widely affected by activities of CPI (Maoist) group till the end of year 2009. At the end of year 2010, The activities of CPI (Maoist) group has been minimized up to almost zero level.”[2]

According to the Jharkhand Police spokesperson and Inspector General (IG) Saket Singh, as reported on December 8, 2020, “The activities of CPI-Maoist are now confined to small pockets in the state because of our efforts.” Civilian fatalities, a key index of security in a region, declined from 20 in 2019, to 8 in 2020, the lowest in this category since 2000, when there were 13 such fatalities. The 28 total fatalities recorded in 2020 are also the lowest overall fatalities recorded in the state in a year since 2000, when they stood at 36.[3]

Ranchi being the capital city of the state has always been under minute scrutiny of all.[4]The arrest, from his home in Ranchi on October 9, 2020, by the NIA, of 83-years old Rev. Fr. Stan Swamy, S.J., Jesuit priest and activist, working with tribals for decades, and his subsequent death in custody, in a Mumbai hospital, on 5 July 2021, has been widely discussed.[5][6][7][8]

Geography

Silli is located in the southern part of the Chota Nagpur plateau, and about 60 kilometers from the city of Ranchi. It has a hilly topography and its dense tropical forests a combination that produces a relatively moderate climate compared to the rest of the state.

Silli CD block is located on the Lower Chota Nagpur Plateau. It has an average elevation of 500–1,000 feet (150–300 m) above mean sea level.[9]

Situated at an edge of the Ranchi plateau, the Jonha Falls (also known as Gautamdhara Falls) is an example of a hanging valley falls. The Gunga River hangs over its master stream, Raru River and forms the falls.[10]

Silli CD block is bounded by the Gola CD block in Ramgarh district on the north, Jhalda I CD block in Purulia district of West Bengal on the east, Sonahatu CD block on the south and Rahe and Angara CD blocks on the west.[11][12] [13]

Silli CD block has an area of 289.54 km2.[14]Silli police station serves Silli CD block.[15] The headquarters of Silli CD block is located at Silli village.[16]

Although Silli has a humid subtropical climate, its location and the forests surrounding it combine to produce the unusually pleasant climate for which it's known. Summer temperatures range from 20 °C to 42 degrees, winter temperatures from 8 °C to 25 degrees. December and January are the coolest months, with temperatures dipping to the freezing point in some areas.

Demographics

Population

According to the 2011 Census of India, Silli CD block had a total population of 113,798, of which 101,054 were rural and 12,744 were urban. There were 58,087 (51%) males and 55,711 (49%) females. Population in the age range 0-6 years was 15,320. Scheduled Castes numbered 6,555 (5.76 %) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 28,292 (24.86%).[14]

The percentage of Scheduled Tribes in Ranchi district, in 2011, was 47.67% of the population (rural) in the blocks. [17]The percentage of Scheduled Tribes, numbering 1,042,016, in the total population of Ranchi district numbering 2,914,253 in 2011, was 35.76%. The Oraons forming 18.20% of the population and the Mundas forming 10.30% of the population, were the main tribes. Other tribes included (percentage of population in brackets) Lohra (2.46), Bedia (1.32) and Mahli (1.09).[18]

The only census town in Silli CD block is (2011 population figure in brackets): Muri (12,744).[14]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Silli CD block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Lota (4,760), Silli (5,222) and Bantahajam (8,677).[19]

Literacy

As of 2011 census, the total number of literate persons in Silli CD block was 72,611 (73.73% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 43,018 (85.57% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 29,593 (61.39% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 24.18%.[14]

As of 2011 census, literacy in Ranchi district was 77.13%. Literacy in Jharkhand was 67.63% in 2011.[20] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[21]

See also – List of Jharkhand districts ranked by literacy rate

Literacy in CD Blocks of
Ranchi district
Ranchi Sadar subdivision
Burmu – 64.54%
Khelari – 74.83%
Kanke – 73.75%
Ormanjhi – 67.53%
Silli – 73.73%
Angara – 64.92%
Namkum – 73.72%
Ratu – 73.00%
Nagri – 71.59%
Mandar – 67.63%
Chanho – 66.81%
Bero – 67.49%
Itki – 73.58%
Lapung – 60.29%
Bundu subdivision
Rahe – 69.19%
Bundu – 66.38%
Sonahatu – 66.04%
Tamar – 62.76%
Source: 2011 Census: CD block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data


Language and religion

Religions in Silli CD block (2011)[22]
Religion Percent
Hindus
81.90%
Others*
12.94%
Muslims
3.95%
Christians
0.75%
Other or not stated
0.46%
*mainly tribal religions like Sarna

Hindi is the official language in Jharkhand and Urdu has been declared as an additional official language.[23]

Languages of Silli block (2011)[24]

  Panchpargania (78.93%)
  Bengali (10.16%)
  Hindi (7.24%)
  Mundari (1.05%)
  Others (2.62%)

Rural poverty

60-70% of the population of Ranchi district were in the BPL category in 2004–2005.[25]In 2011-12, the proportion of BPL population in Ranchi district came down to 27.82%.[26]According to a study in 2013 (modified in 2019), "the incidence of poverty in Jharkhand is estimated at 46%, but 60% of the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes are still below poverty line."[27]

Economy

Livelihood

Livelihood
in Silli CD block

  Cultivators (38.78%)
  Agricultural labourers (36.29%)
  Household industries (3.79%)
  Other Workers (21.14%)

In Silli CD block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators numbered 21,059 and formed 38.78%, agricultural labourers numbered 19,705 and formed 36.29%, household industry workers numbered 2,059 and formed 3.79% and other workers numbered 11,480 and formed 21.14%. Total workers numbered 54,303 and formed 47.72% of the total population, and non-workers numbered 59,495 and formed 52.28% of the population.[28]

Infrastructure

There are 94 inhabited villages in Silli CD block. In 2011, 5 villages had power supply. 14 villages had tap water (treated/ untreated), 62 villages had well water (covered/ uncovered), 61 villages had hand pumps, and 12 villages did not have drinking water facility. 15 villages had post offices, 9 villages had sub post offices, 6 villages had telephones (land lines), 46 villages had mobile phone coverage. 80 villages had pucca (paved) village roads, 25 villages had bus service (public/ private), 17 villages had autos/ modified autos, 11 villages had taxi/vans, 29 villages had tractors. 5 villages had bank branches, 8 villages had agricultural credit societies, 1 village had public distribution system, 86 villages had assembly polling stations.[29]

Agriculture

In Ranchi district, 23% of the total area is covered with forests. “With the gradual deforestation of the district, more and more land is being brought under cultivation.” Terraced low lands are called don and the uplands are called tanr. The hill streams remain almost dry, except in the rainy season, and does not offer much scope for irrigation.[30]

In Silli CD block, 24.34% of the total area was cultivable, in 2011. Out of this, 4.81% was irrigated land.[31]

Industry

India’s first alumina refinery was commissioned, at Muri, by the erstwhile Indian Aluminium Company in 1948. It was taken over by the Hindalco Industries of the Aditya Birla Group in 2005.[32]

Backward Regions Grant Fund

Ranchi district is listed as a backward region and receives financial support from the Backward Regions Grant Fund. The fund, created by the Government of India, is designed to redress regional imbalances in development. As of 2012, 272 districts across the country were listed under this scheme. The list includes 21 districts of Jharkhand.[33][34]

Transport

Muri Junction railway station is on the Barkakana-Muri-Chandil line.[35]

There are stations at Muri and Silli on the Netaji S.C.Bose Gomoh–Hatia line.[36]

State Highway 1 (Ranchi-Silli-Muri Road), an important roadway in Ranchi district, passes through Muri.[37][38]

Education

Silli CD block had 13 villages with pre-primary schools, 80 villages with primary schools, 37 villages with middle schools, 11 villages with secondary schools, 6 villages with senior secondary schools, 1 village has general degree college, 1 village with polytechnic, 1 village with special school for disabled, 13 villages with no educational facility.[39]
.*Senior secondary schools are also known as Inter colleges in Jharkhand

Silli College, established in 1980 at Silli, is affiliated with Ranchi University and offers courses in arts, science and commerce.[40][41][42]

Healthcare

Silli CD block had 3 villages with primary health centres, 17 villages with primary health subcentres, 4 villages with maternity and child welfare centres, 5 villages with allopathic hospitals, 4 villages with dispensaries, 2 villages with family welfare centres, 3 villages with medicine shops.[39]
.*Private medical practitioners, alternative medicine etc. not included

Sports

Silli Stadium at Silli with a capacity of 20,000 is used mainly for football.[43]It has synthetic turf which was laid by the organisation who had laid the synthetic turf for the Salt Lake Stadium at Kolkata.[44]

References

  1. ^ "Jharkhand Assessment 2013". Satp. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  2. ^ "District Police Profile Ranchi". Crime Trends – Specially Organised Crime Rural Area. Jharkhand Police. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  3. ^ "Jharkhand: Dying Embers". India Blooms. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  4. ^ "District Police Profile - Ranchi". SP’s message and vision. Jharkhand Police. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  5. ^ "NIA court to pass order on Stan Swamy bail on March 22". The Hindu. 16 March 2021 – via www.thehindu.com.
  6. ^ Regi, Anjali (9 October 2020). "Fr. Stan Swamy arrested: Widespread protest". Catholic Focus. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Elgar Parishad Case: Activist Stan Swamy, 84, Passes Away Ahead of Hearing on Bail Plea". News18. 5 July 2021. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  8. ^ "'Distressed, troubled': Ranchi Catholic Church issues statement on Stan Swamy's arrest, demands his release". The Indian Express, 9 October 2020. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook Ranchi, Series 21 Part XII A, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Page 9: Administrative Setup, Page 10: Physiography. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  10. ^ Bharatdwaj, K (2006). Physical Geography: Hydrosphere By K. Bharatdwaj. ISBN 9788183561679. Retrieved 2010-05-02.
  11. ^ "Ranchi CD block/ Tehsil map". Maps of India. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  12. ^ "Ramgarh CD block/ Tehsil map". Maps of India. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  13. ^ "Purulia district". Blocks in Purulia district. Purulia district administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  14. ^ a b c d "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, Series 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Page 28: District primary census abstract, 2011 census. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  15. ^ "District Police Profile - Ranchi". Jharkhand Police. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  16. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Ranchi district on the third page. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  17. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 56, Table 14: Number and percentage of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes (rural) population in CD Blocks, 2011. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  18. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 39-40: Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes of Cenus 2011. Directorate of Census Operations Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  19. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, Series 21, Part XII B" (PDF). Page 190,196, 202. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  20. ^ "Provisional Population Totals Paper 1 of 2011: Jharkhand". Sr. No. 5, Sheet 2. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Government of India. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  21. ^ "Ranking of states and union territories by literacy rate: 2011" (PDF). Page 110. Government of India. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  22. ^ "Table C-01 Population By Religion - Jharkhand". census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  23. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 35. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  24. ^ "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Jharkhand". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  25. ^ "Rural Poverty in Jharkhand, India" (PDF). Table I: Spatial Distribution of Poverty in Jharkhand. Munich Personal RePEc Archive. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  26. ^ "Spatial poverty in Jharkhand". Mint. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  27. ^ "Rural Poverty in Jharkhand, India: An Empirical Study based on Panel Data". MPRA. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  28. ^ "District Census Handbook 2011 Ranchi, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Tables 30 and 33, pages 67 and 71. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  29. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 595-598, Appendix I: Village Directory. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  30. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 11:Forestry and Flora and Fauna, Page12: Soil and Cropping, Land and Land use pattern, tenancy and agriculture, Page 13: Irrigation. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  31. ^ "District Census Handbook, Ranchi, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 84, Table 41: Distribution of villages according to land use. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 2 September 2021.
  32. ^ "Muri". Hindalco. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  33. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Funds: Programme Guidelines" (PDF). Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 October 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  34. ^ "Backward Regions Grant Fund". Press Release, 14 June 2012. Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  35. ^ "58023 Tatanagar-Barkakana Passenger". Time Table. IndiaRailInfo. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  36. ^ "5336 Ranchi-Dhanbad Passenger". Time Table. Indiarailinfo. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  37. ^ "District Census Handbook Ranchi, Census of India 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 15 Transport. Directorate of census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  38. ^ Google maps
  39. ^ a b "District Census Handbook Ranchi, 2011, Series 21, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 595-596. Directorate of Census Operations, Jharkhand. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  40. ^ "Silli College, Silli". SC. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  41. ^ "Silli College, Silli, Ranchi". TargetAdmission. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  42. ^ "Affiliated Colleges". Ranchi University. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  43. ^ "Stadiums in India". World Stadiums.com. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  44. ^ "Football". Innovative products – synthetic turf. Great Spots Tech. Retrieved 13 September 2021.