"Rangabati" is perhaps the most popular recorded song in Sambalpuri Odia. Krishna Patel, a 2023 Padma Shri awardee, is the female singer [1] while the male singer Jitendra Haripal is a 2017 Padma Shri awardee. The song was first recorded for All India Radio in the mid-1970s. A record company from the then Calcutta, Indian Record Manufacturing Company Ltd (INRECO), re-recorded the song in 1976. The disc release was delayed due to a dispute and finally released in 1978–79.[2] The Sambalpuri song was written by Mitrabhanu Gauntia, composed by Prabhudatta Pradhan and sung by Jitendra Haripal and Krishna Patel.[3] In the 1970s and 1980s, the song gained popularity for being commonly played in marriage processions and Murti immersion.[4] The song gained official recognition when it was played in the tableau of Odisha as part of the Republic Day celebrations at New Delhi in 2007. The lead singer Jitendra Haripal was also felicitated by Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik later that year. It was also notably used in the celebration of victory during an international cricket match in Barabati Stadium, Cuttack.[5] "Rangabati" was recreated in many other languages of India and has been recreated in Telugu for a movie.[6]

In popular culture

"Rangabati" is popular in Odisha and most parts of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, and Chhattisgarh. This song is also to be released in Chinese.[7] During the 7th World Water Forum at Daegu in South Korea, Korean dancers danced ecstatically to the tune of the song.[8] The song is featured in Bollywood movie Kaun Kitne Pani Mein directed by Nila Madhaba Panda.[9] The song was remade by composer Ram Sampath featuring Sampath himself, Sona Mohapatra, and Rituraj Mohanty for MTV India's Coke Studio Season 4.[10] Nigerian singer Samuel Singh released a cover version of the song.[11]

Copyright controversy

Protests erupted on social media and in Western Odisha after the telecast of "Rangabati" remix on MTV Coke Studio on 5 July 2015,[12] claiming that the telecast of this song did not attribute it to the original composer, Prabhudatta Pradhan, nor acquire permission from the copyright holder beforehand. Earlier on the same day, a legal notice with a damage claim of 1 crore Indian Rupees was sent through the Supreme Court of India to Hindustan Coca-Cola Beverages, Viacom18 Media, Sona Mohapatra, Ram Sampath and Rituraj Mohanty for copyright infringement.[13] The petitioner also requested the court to stop the telecast of this remixed song on MTV.


  1. ^ "Odisha's Krishna Patel Receives Padma Shri From President, 3rd Award For 'Rangabati' In 6 Years - odishabytes". www.odishabytes.com. Retrieved 5 April 2023.
  2. ^ "Enchanting moment with Ramesh Mahananda - ରମେଶ ମହାନନ୍ଦଙ୍କ ସହିତ ସାକ୍ଷାତକାର - Odia Music News". www.odiamusic.com. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  3. ^ "And the singer sings his song". The Hindu. 27 May 2001. Archived from the original on 4 May 2003. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Welcome break for singer". The Hindu. 4 April 2007. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  5. ^ "I want to keep folk music safe". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  6. ^ "ରଙ୍ଗବତୀର ଗାୟକ ଜିତେନ୍ଦ୍ରିୟ, କ୍ରୀଷ୍ଣାଙ୍କୁ ଡକ୍ଟରେଟ ସମ୍ମାନ". www.odisha.com. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  7. ^ "Rangabati' music composer Prabhudatta Pradhan no more". Odishatv.in.
  8. ^ "Social media abuzz as Korean girls dance to Rangabati beats - TOI Mobile - The Times of India Mobile Site". m.timesofindia.com. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  9. ^ "Popular Odia song Rangabati new buzz word of Bollywood! Thanks to Nilamadhab Panda, Odisha Current News, Odisha Latest Headlines". www.orissadiary.com. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  10. ^ "'Rangabati' Promo - Ram Sampath - Coke Studio@MTV Season 4 Episode 4". Coca-Cola Deutschland. 26 June 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  11. ^ "Watch: Rangabati cover song by African singer Samuel Singh". 20 February 2018.
  12. ^ "Coke Studio version of 'Rangabati': Weird rendition of cult Oriya song sparks massive outrage". Firstpost. 6 July 2015.
  13. ^ "?I want to keep folk music safe?". www.telegraphindia.com. Archived from the original on 9 May 2014.
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