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Jharsuguda district
View of hills near Ullapgarh
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°51′00″N 84°00′58″E / 21.85°N 84.016°E / 21.85; 84.016Coordinates: 21°51′00″N 84°00′58″E / 21.85°N 84.016°E / 21.85; 84.016
Country India
State Odisha
HeadquartersJharsuguda
Government
 • CollectorSaroj Kumar Samal, OAS
 • Divisional Forest Officer Cum Wildlife WardenSushant Kumar, IFS
 • Member of Lok SabhaSuresh Pujari
Area
 • Total2,081 km2 (803 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total579,505
 • Density278/km2 (720/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English
 • SpokenSambalpuri
 • Other Local LanguageKurukh, Munda, Kharia
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
768 201,2,3
Vehicle registrationOD-23
Nearest citySambalpur, Rourkela, Sundargarh
Sex ratio1.057 /
Literacy71.4%
Lok Sabha constituencyBargarh
Vidhan Sabha constituency2, 1.Brajarajnagar, 2.Jharsuguda
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,527 mm (60.1 in)
Avg. summer temperature46.7 °C (116.1 °F)
Websitewww.jharsuguda.nic.in

Jharsuguda is a district in Odisha, India with Jharsuguda town as its headquarters. The district once had an airport during World War II. This region is rich in coal and other mineral reserves. Of late, many small and medium scale iron and steel units have been set up in the vicinity of Jharsuguda town, giving impetus to the industrial growth of the district.

Major Tribes

This district has the major tribal populations among them important tribes are Sabara, Kisan, Kurukh, Bhuiyan, Munda, Santal. This district has unique[citation needed] diversity in terms of tribal culture, language and other focal culture. Kurukh people speak their mother tongue Kurukh language with Sadri language. Munda people speak their Ho language and Kisan people speak their Kisan dialect and Kharia speak their Kharia. Sadri and local Odia dialect is also quite popular among tribal communities.

Geography

Jharsuguda district has three urban agglomerations, municipalities of Jharsuguda town and Brajrajnagar and municipality of Belpahar. Jharsuguda has its own airport named Veer Surendra Sai Airport. The district is bordered by Raigarh district of Chhattisgarh to the west, Sundergarh district to the north, Sambalpur district to the east and southeast and Bargarh district to the southwest. The district is mainly open plain, with some hills in the north.

Economy

There are lot of coal mines situated in this area.

Brajrajnagar is an industrial town, being of the prime location for Open Cast Coal Mine of Ib Valley Coalfield of Mahanadi Coalfields Limited. Brajrajnagar also boasts of a large scale paper mill, i.e., Orient Paper Mills of the Birla Group of Industries. However, this mill has been defunct for more than a decade now.[when?] Brajrajnagar is also a tourist hub as there are a lot of big temples like Brajeswari temple near railway station, Ramchandi Mandir, Laxmi Narayan Mandir, Jagannath Temple, Shiv Mandir in Lamtibahal, Shani Mandir in college road, Mukteswar Temple in hill top colony, Shiv Mandir in Rampur as well as Shiv Temple of G.M. Office, Aditya Mandir in jharsuguda road, Mangala and Tarini Mandir in college road.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Jharsuguda one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[1] It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[1]

Divisions

The district comprises five blocks, primary being Lakhanpur, Kolabira, Laikera, Kirmira and Jharsuguda.

Belpahar sub-division includes 12 villages and two town. The most populous villages are Lakhanpur & Chhualiberna. The main festival of Chhualiberna is Narsingh Puja which held on month of December. Brajrajnagar is also famous for rampur's ramchandi mandir on bank of the Ib river. Rampur colliery is famous for the oldest coal mines in India. Another one most popular gram panchayat is Hirma, which is under Jharsuguda block; it is 10 km (6.2 mi) from dist. headquarter, and the main festival is Samalei Bali Jatra (Kandagarh).

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Jharsuguda district had a population of 579,505,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[3] or the US state of Wyoming.[4] This gives it a ranking of 530th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district had a population density of 274 inhabitants per square kilometre (710/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 13.69%.[2] Jharsuguda had a sex ratio of 951 females for every 1,000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 78.36%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 18.1% and 30.5% of the population respectively.[2]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 42.26% of the population spoke Sambalpuri, 27.42% Odia, 9.59% Hindi, 6.42% Kisan, 1.88% Munda, 1.86% Kharia, 1.43% Chhattisgarhi, 1.27% Bengali and 1.11% Sadri as their mother tongue.[5]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901142,665—    
1911165,203+1.48%
1921172,699+0.44%
1931192,997+1.12%
1941217,378+1.20%
1951235,313+0.80%
1961247,185+0.49%
1971292,876+1.71%
1981368,251+2.32%
1991446,726+1.95%
2001514,853+1.43%
2011579,505+1.19%
source:[6]

Languages of Jharsuguda district in 2011 census

  Sambalpuri (42.26%)
  Odia (27.42%)
  Hindi (9.59%)
  Kisan (6.42%)
  Munda (1.88%)
  Kharia (1.86%)
  Chhattisgarhi (1.43%)
  Bengali (1.27%)
  Sadri (1.11%)
  Others (6.76%)

Politics

Vidhan sabha constituencies

Main article: List of constituencies of Odisha Vidhan Sabha

The following is the 2 Vidhan sabha constituencies[7][8] of Jharsuguda district and the elected members[9] of that area.

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 15th Assembly Party
6 Brajarajnagar None Brajarajnagar (M), Belpahar (NAC), Lakhanpur, Jharsuguda (part) Kishore Kumar Mohanty BJD
7 Jharsuguda None Jharsuguda (M), Kirmira, Laikera, Kolabira, Jharsuguda (Part) Naba Kishore Das BJD

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  3. ^ US cia.gov. "Country Comparison: Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Solomon Islands 571,890 July 2011 est.
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Wyoming 563,626
  5. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  6. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  7. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  8. ^ Seats of Odisha
  9. ^ "List of Members in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME