Paika District of Odisha
|• Collector & District Magistrate||K Sudarshan Chakravarthy, IAS |
|• Superintendent of Police||Raj Kishore Dora, OPS(S)|
|• Total||2,887.5 km2 (1,114.9 sq mi)|
|• Density||780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Odia, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
751 xxx, 752 xxx
|Telephone code||674, 6755, 6756|
|Sex ratio||1.108 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||2|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||6|
|Precipitation||1,443 millimetres (56.8 in)|
|Avg. summer temperature||41.4 °C (106.5 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||9.5 °C (49.1 °F)|
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Khordha district is an administrative division of the state of Odisha, India. It was formed on April 1, 1993, by the division of former Puri District into Puri, Khordha and Nayagarh districts. In the year 2000 the district name was changed to Khordha. The district headquarters is Khordha Town. The capital city of Bhubaneswar is located in this district. Khordha is the most urbanized of all the districts of Odisha.
Khordha Road, the railway station that serves the town, is also the divisional headquarters of the East Coast Railway of the Indian Railways, and contains its own division. Khordha is known for its brass utensils, cottage industries, railway coach manufacturing and cable manufacturing unit.
It was the capital of Odisha from 1568 to 1803. It is also known for its fort, often described as the "last independent fort". The commander who kept it free from British East India Company was ), Bakshi Jagabandhu, popularly called 'Paika Bakshi'.
The Savaras tribal group, who are still to be found in the district in some pockets, once heavily populated the area. Khurda came into prominence when the first Rajas of the Khordha dynasty, Ramachandra Deva, made it the capital of his kingdom during the latter part of the 16th century. Khurda suffered repeated onslaughts from Muslim and Maratha cavalry but its royal house retained independence till 1804, when the British East India Company dispossessed Raja of his territory following the Second Anglo-Maratha War.
British government took Odisha under its rule in 1803 but could only include Khurda in 1827. The Paikas of Khurda are known for protesting against the British rule in Odisha.
It is also the district headquarters of Khurda district located at 20.11° N 85.40° E. The area of the district is 2,888 km2 (1,115 sq mi). The district is bordered by Cuttack district to the north and east, Puri district to the south, Ganjam district to the west, and Nayagarh district to the northwest. The Daya and Kuakhai Rivers flow through Khurda. The forested area is 618.67 km2 (238.87 sq mi). The district is mainly flat coastal plain, with some hill ranges in the west. It borders the Chilika Lake.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
It is renowned for its brass utensils cottage industries, cable factory, spinning mills, watch repairing factory, railway coach repairing factory, oil industries, Coca-Cola bottling plant and small metal industries, or sms group, Iocl gas bottling plant.
According to the 2011 census Khordha district has a population of 2,251,673, roughly equal to the nation of Latvia or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 201st in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 799 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,070/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.65%. Khordha has a sex ratio of 925 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 87.51%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 13.21% and 5.11% of the population respectively.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 92.13% of the population in the district spoke Odia, 1.98% Urdu, 1.69% Telugu, 1.55% Hindi, 1.38% Bengali and 0.43% Santali as their first language.
Main article: List of constituencies of Odisha Vidhan Sabha
The following are the eight Vidhan sabha constituencies of Khordha district and the elected members of that area
|No.||Constituency||Reservation||Extent of the Assembly Constituency (blocks)||Member of 14th Assembly||Party|
|111||Jayadev||SC||Balianta, Balipatna||Arabinda Dhali||BJD|
|112||Bhubaneswar Central||None||Bhubaneswar MC Ward No. 16 to 29 and 35 to 37||Bijaya Kumar Mohanty||BJD|
|113||Bhubaneswar North||None||Bhubaneswar (MC) (part), Bhubaneswar (part)||Priyadarshi Mishra||BJD|
|114||Ekamra-Bhubaneswar||None||Bhubaneswar (MC) (part), Bhubaneswar (part)||Ashok Chandra Panda||BJD|
|115||Jatani||None||Jatani (M), Jatani, Khurda (PART), Bhubaneswar (part)||Suresh Kumar Routray||INC|
|116||Begunia||None||Begunia, Bologarh||Raja Sahoo||BJD|
|117||Khurda||None||Khurda (M), Tangi, Khurda (part)||Yotirindra Nath Mitra||BJD|
|118||Chilika||None||Balugaon (NAC), Banapur (NAC), Chilika, Banapur,||Prasant Jagdev||BJD|
During 1952 general election, Pandit Lingraj Mishra was elected from the Khurda (Lok Sabha constituency). 1957 onwards members were elected from Bhubaneswar (Lok Sabha constituency).
Latvia 2,204,708 July 2011 est.
New Mexico - 2,059,179