Chief Minister of Maharashtra
Mahārāṣṭrāce Mukhyamaṃtrī
Incumbent
Eknath Shinde
since 30 June 2022
Government of Maharashtra
StyleThe Honorable
Mr. Chief Minister
His Excellency
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member of
ResidenceVarsha Bungalow, Malabar Hill, Mumbai
SeatMantralaya, Mumbai
AppointerGovernor of Maharashtra
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
5 years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
Precursor
Prime Minister of Bombay
Inaugural holder
Formation1 May 1960
(63 years ago)
 (1960-05-01)
DeputyDeputy Chief Minister of Maharashtra
Salary
  • 340,000 (US$4,300)/monthly
  • 4,080,000 (US$51,000)/annually
WebsiteCMO Maharashtra

The Chief Minister of Maharashtra (IAST: Mahārāṣṭrāce Mukhyamaṃtrī) is the head of the executive branch of the government of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Following elections to the Legislative Assembly, the governor invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government and appoints the chief minister. If the appointee is not a member of either the Legislative Assembly or the Legislative Council of Maharashtra, then the Constitution stipulates that they need to be elected within six months of being sworn in.[2] The office of the CM is coterminous with the concurrent Assembly provided the CM commands confidence in the house and hence does not exceed five years. However, it is subject to no term limits.[1]

Maharashtra was formed by dissolution of Bombay State and Hyderabad State on 1 May 1960.[3] Yashwantrao Chavan, who was serving as the third CM of Bombay State since 1956, became the first CM of Maharashtra. He belonged to the Indian National Congress and held the office until the 1962 Assembly elections. Marotrao Kannamwar succeeded him and was the only CM to die while in office.[4][5] Vasantrao Naik, who was in office from December 1963 to February 1975 for more than 11 years, has by far been the longest serving CM. He also was the first and only CM to complete his full term of five years (1967-1972) till Devendra Fadnavis matched it (2014-2019). With the exceptions of Manohar Joshi (SS), Narayan Rane (SS), Devendra Fadnavis (BJP), Uddhav Thackeray (SS) and Eknath Shinde (SS), all other CMs have been from the Congress or its breakaway parties.[6][7][8]

So far, President's rule has been imposed thrice in the state: first from February to June 1980 and again from September to October 2014. It was again imposed on 12 November 2019.[9][10]

The current incumbent is Eknath Shinde of the Shiv Sena since 30 June 2022.[11]

Precursors

Key

Colour key for political parties

  Indian National Congress
  Indian National Congress (Urs)
  Indian Congress (Socialist)
  Shiv Sena
  Bharatiya Janata Party
  N/A (President's rule)

Prime Ministers of Bombay (1937–50)

# Portrait Prime Minister
(Lifespan)
Term of office Election
(Term)
Party Government Appointed by
(Governor)
1 Sir Dhanjishah Bomanji Cooper
(1878–1947)
1 April
1937
19 July
1937
109 days 1937
(1st)
Independent Cooper The Lord Brabourne
2 Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher
(1888–1957)
19 July
1937
2 November
1939
2 years, 106 days Indian National Congress Kher I Robert Duncan Bell
Governor's rule was imposed during this period (2 November 1939 – 30 March 1946)
(2) Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher
(1888–1957)
30 March
1946
26 January
1950
3 years, 302 days 1946
(2nd)
Indian National Congress Kher II Sir John Colville

Chief Ministers of Bombay State (1947–60)

# Portrait Chief Minister
(Lifespan)
Constituency
Term of office Election
(Term)
Party Government Appointed by
(Governor)
Chief Ministers of Bombay State (1950–1956)
1 Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher
(1888–1957)
MLC
26 January
1950
21 April
1952
2 years, 86 days 1946
(Provincial)
Indian National Congress Kher Sir John Colville
2 Morarji Desai
(1896–1995)
MLA for Bulsar Chikhli
21 April
1952
31 October
1956
4 years, 193 days 1952
(1st)
Desai Raja Sir Maharaj Singh
Chief Ministers of Bombay State (1956–1960)
3 Yashwantrao Chavan
(1913–1984)
MLA for Karad North
1 November
1956
30 April
1960
3 years, 181 days
(1st)
Indian National Congress Yashwantrao I Harekrushna Mahatab
1957
(2nd)
Yashwantrao II Sri Prakasa

Chief Ministers of Maharashtra

Legend
# Portrait Chief Minister
(Lifespan)
Constituency
Term of office Election
(Term)
Party Deputy Chief Minister(s)
(Term in office)
Government Appointed by
(Governor)
1 Yashwantrao Chavan
(1913–1984)
MLA for Karad North
1 May
1960
20 November
1962
2 years, 203 days 1957
(1st)
Indian National Congress Position vacant
(1 May. 1960 – 5 Mar. 1978)
Yashwantrao I Sri Prakasa
1962
(2nd)
Yashwantrao II
2 Marotrao Kannamwar
(1900–1963)
MLA for Saoli
20 November
1962
24 November
1963[†]
1 year, 4 days Kannamwar H. K. Chainani
(Acting)
P. K. Sawant
(1905–2000)
MLA for Chiplun

(Acting)
25 November
1963
5 December
1963
10 days Sawant Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
3 Vasantrao Naik
(1913–1979)
MLA for Pusad
5 December
1963
21 February
1975
11 years, 78 days Vasantrao I
1967
(3rd)
Vasantrao II P. V. Cherian
1972
(4th)
Vasantrao III Ali Yavar Jung
4 Shankarrao Chavan
(1920–2004)
MLA for Bhokar
21 February
1975
17 May
1977
2 years, 85 days Shankarrao I
5 Vasantdada Patil
(1917–1989)
MLC elected by MLAs, until 1978
MLA for Sangli, from 1978
17 May
1977
18 July
1978
1 year, 62 days Vasantdada I Sadiq Ali
1978
(5th)
Indian National Congress (Urs) Nashikrao Tirpude
(5 Mar. 1978 – 18 Jul. 1978)
Vasantdada II
6 Sharad Pawar
(born 1940)
MLA for Baramati
18 July
1978
17 February
1980
1 year, 214 days Indian Congress (Socialist) Sundarrao Solanke
(21 Feb. 1975 – 17 May. 1977)
Pawar I
President's rule was imposed during the period (17 February – 8 June 1980)
7 A. R. Antulay
(1929–2014)
MLA for Shrivardhan
9 June
1980
21 January
1982
1 year, 226 days 1980
(6th)
Indian National Congress Position vacant
(9 Jun. 1980 – 2 Feb. 1983)
Antulay Sadiq Ali
8 Babasaheb Bhosale
(1921–2007)
MLA for Nehrunagar
21 January
1982
2 February
1983
1 year, 12 days Bhosale Air Chief Marshal (Retd.)
Om Prakash Mehra
(5) Vasantdada Patil
(1917–1989)
MLA for Sangli
2 February
1983[§]
3 June
1985
2 years, 121 days Ramrao Adik
(2 Feb. 1983 – 3 Jun. 1985)
Vasantdada III Air Chief Marshal (Retd.)
Idris Hasan Latif
1985
(7th)
Vasantdada IV
9 Shivajirao Patil Nilangekar
(1931–2020)
MLA for Nilanga
3 June
1985
12 March
1986
282 days Position vacant
(3 Jun. 1985 – 14 Mar. 1995)
Nilangekar Kona Prabhakara Rao
(4) Shankarrao Chavan
(1920–2004)
MLC elected by MLAs
12 March
1986[§]
26 June
1988
2 years, 106 days Shankarrao II
(6) Sharad Pawar
(born 1940)
MLA for Baramati
26 June
1988[§]
25 June
1991
2 years, 364 days Pawar II K. Brahmananda Reddy
1990
(8th)
Pawar III C. Subramaniam
10 Sudhakarrao Naik
(1934–2001)
MLA for Pusad
25 June
1991
6 March
1993
1 year, 254 days Sudhakarrao
(6) Sharad Pawar
(born 1940)
MLC
6 March
1993[§]
14 March
1995
2 years, 8 days Pawar IV P. C. Alexander
11 Manohar Joshi
(1937–2024)
MLA for Dadar
14 March
1995
1 February
1999
3 years, 324 days 1995
(9th)
Shiv Sena
(BJPSHS)
Gopinath Munde
(14 Mar. 1995 – 18 Oct. 1999)
Joshi
12 Narayan Rane
(born 1952)
MLA for Malvan
1 February
1999
18 October
1999
259 days Rane
13 Vilasrao Deshmukh
(1945–2012)
MLA for Latur City
18 October
1999
18 January
2003
3 years, 92 days 1999
(10th)
Indian National Congress
(UPA)
Chhagan Bhujbal
(18 Oct. 1999 – 18 Jan. 2003)
Deshmukh I
14 Sushilkumar Shinde
(born 1941)
MLA for Solapur South
18 January
2003
1 November
2004
1 year, 288 days Chhagan Bhujbal
(18 Jan. 2003 – 23 Dec. 2003)
Vijaysinh Mohite–Patil
(23 Dec. 2003 – 1 Nov. 2004)
Sushilkumar Mohammed Fazal
(13) Vilasrao Deshmukh
(1945–2012)
MLA for Latur City
1 November
2004[§]
8 December
2008
4 years, 37 days 2004
(11th)
R. R. Patil
(1 Nov. 2004 – 8 Dec. 2008)
Deshmukh II
15 Ashok Chavan
(born 1958)
MLA for Bhokar
8 December
2008
11 November
2010
1 year, 338 days Chhagan Bhujbal
(8 Dec. 2008 – 11 Nov. 2010)
Ashok I S. C. Jamir
2009
(12th)
Ashok II
16 Prithviraj Chavan
(born 1946)
MLC elected by MLAs
11 November
2010
28 September
2014
3 years, 321 days Ajit Pawar
(11 Nov. 2010 – 25 Sep 2012)
Position vacant
(25 Sep. 2012 – 28 Nov. 2019)

Ajit Pawar
(7 Dec. 2012 – 28 Sep. 2014)
Prithviraj K. Sankaranarayanan
President's rule imposed during the period (28 September – 30 October 2014)
17 Devendra Fadnavis
(born 1970)
MLA for Nagpur South West
31 October
2014
12 November
2019[13]
5 years, 12 days 2014
(13th)
Bharatiya Janata Party
(NDA)
Position vacant
(31 Oct. 2014 – 12 Nov. 2019)
Fadnavis I C. Vidyasagar Rao
President's rule imposed during the period (12 November – 23 November 2019)
(17) Devendra Fadnavis
(born 1970)
MLA for Nagpur South West
23 November
2019[14]
28 November
2019[15]
5 days 2019
(14th)
Bharatiya Janata Party
(NDA)
Ajit Pawar
(23 Nov. 2019 – 26 Nov. 2019)
Position vacant
(26 Nov. 2019 – 28 Nov. 2019)
Fadnavis II Bhagat Singh Koshyari
18 Uddhav Thackeray
(born 1960)
MLC elected by MLAs
28 November
2019
30 June
2022
2 years, 214 days Shiv Sena
(MVA)
Ajit Pawar
(28 Nov. 2019 – 30 Jun. 2022)
Thackeray
19 Eknath Shinde
(born 1964)
MLA for Kopri-Pachpakhadi
30 June
2022[16]
Incumbent 1 year, 272 days Shiv Sena
(NDA)
Devendra Fadnavis
(30 Jun. 2022 – present)
Ajit Pawar
(2 Jul. 2023 – present)
Eknath

Timeline

Eknath ShindeUddhav ThackerayDevendra FadnavisPrithviraj ChavanAshok ChavanSushilkumar ShindeVilasrao DeshmukhNarayan RaneManohar JoshiSudhakarrao NaikShivajirao Patil NilangekarBabasaheb BhosaleAbdul Rehman AntulaySharad PawarVasantrao PatilShankarrao ChavanVasantrao NaikP. K. SawantMarotrao KannamwarYashwantrao Chavan

See also

Notes

  1. ^ After India's Independence, Bombay State was created and its territory underwent constant change in the following years. It comprised Bombay Presidency (roughly equating to the present-day Indian state of Maharashtra, excluding South Maharashtra and Vidarbha), the princely states of the Baroda, Western India and Gujarat (the present-day Indian state of Gujarat) and Deccan States (which included parts of the present-day Indian states of Maharashtra and Karnataka).[12]

References

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Maharashtra as well.
  2. ^ "Chavan elected to Legislative Council". @businessline. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  3. ^ "The Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960" (PDF). India Code - Digital Repository of Legislation. 25 April 1960. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Before Jayalalithaa, 16 chief ministers who died in office". The Indian Express. 7 December 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Jayalalithaa is dead: Here are other chief ministers who died while still in office - Firstpost". firstpost.com. 7 December 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Down but not out". The Telegraph India. 10 July 2011. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014.
  7. ^ Palshikar, Suhas; Birmal, Nitin; Ghotale, Vivek (2010). "Coalitions in Maharashtra Political fragmentation or Social Reconfiguration?" (PDF). Savitribai Phule Pune University.
  8. ^ "Indira Gandhi installed as president of break-away faction of Congress Party". India Today. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Use of President's Rule peaked on February 17, 1980: Some facts". India Today. 17 February 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  10. ^ "President's rule: 'Unprecedented but logical'". @businessline. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Maharashtra Political Crisis LIVE Updates: Eknath Shinde to be the next CM of Maharashtra, says Devendra Fadnavis". The Times of India. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  12. ^ Desai, S. H. (1972). A critical study of the development of secondary education for girls in Gujarat its history and present day problems (PhD Thesis). Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda: Shodhganga : a reservoir of Indian theses @ INFLIBNET. pp. 411–420. hdl:10603/57937.
  13. ^ The Hindu Net Desk (8 November 2019). "Devendra Fadnavis resigns, blames Shiv Sena for Maharashtra crisis". The Hindu.
  14. ^ "Devendra Fadnavis first Maharashtra CM to resign twice in one-month period". The Indian Express. 27 October 2019. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  15. ^ "Devendra Fadnavis, Maharashtra Chief Minister For 80 Hours, Quits". NDTV. 26 November 2019. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  16. ^ "Maharashtra Political Crisis Live Updates: Eknath Shinde to be new Maharashtra CM, Fadnavis to stay out of govt". The Indian Express. 30 June 2022. Retrieved 30 June 2022.