|Named for||Aadivasi (tribal)|
|• Total||5,955 km2 (2,299 sq mi)|
|• Density||260/km2 (700/sq mi)|
|• Spoken||Marathi, Bhili, Gujar and various dialects of Khandeshi|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-MH-NB|
|Sex ratio||975 ♂/♀|
Nandurbar district (Marathi pronunciation: [nən̪d̪uɾbaːɾ]) is an administrative district in the northwest corner of Maharashtra state in India . On 1 July 1998 Dhule was bifurcated as two separate districts now known as Dhule and Nandurbar. Nandurbar is a tribal-dominated district , The district headquarters are located at Nandurbar city. The district occupies an area of 5955 km2 and has a population of 1,648,295 of which 16.71% were urban (as of 2011).
Nandurbar district is bounded to the south and south-east by Dhule district, to the west and north is the state of Gujarat, to the north and north-east is the state of Madhya Pradesh. The northern boundary of the district is defined by the great Narmada river.
Ranjana Sonawane of Tembhli village and rushil in Nandurbar district became first citizen of India to get twelve (12) digit Unique Identification on 29 September 2010. The unique identification or Aadhaar is ambitious project of the central government of India to provide unique identification to its billion plus citizens.
The district comprises six talukas. These talukas are Nandurbar, Navapur, Shahada, Taloda, Akkalkuwa and Akrani Mahal (also called Dhadgaon).
There is one Lok Sabha constituency in the district which is Nandurbar (ST) reserved for Scheduled Tribes. There are four Maharashtra Assembly seats namely Akkalkuwa (ST), Shahada (ST), Nandurbar (ST), Nawapur (ST).
Sakri (ST) and Shirpur (ST) assembly seats from Dhule district are also part of Nandurbar Lok Sabha seat. Nandurbar is primarily a tribal (Adiwasi) district.
Nandurbar is a part of Satpuda Pradesh, meaning Seven Hills Region. The district was part of the Khandesh district with Dhule and Jalgaon till July 1998. The ancient name of this region is Rasika, when Nandurbar was also called Nandanagri after the name of its king Nandaraja.
The district is also rich with mythological accounts of the Ramayana, where the region is referred to as 'Krushik'.
The region is linked to various rulers of the time including bhil , Chalukyas, Vartakas and Yadavas.
Prior to Mughal era, formed the southern boundary of the Tughlaq Empire.
Due to its strategic location at the ends of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, Nandurbar kept shifting into different power regimes. After the Mughal Empire's decline, the Marathas took control of Khandesh and subsequently on 3 June 1818 the Maratha Peshwa surrendered Khandesh to the British rule.
Nandurbar had its own share in the Indian struggle for independence. It was here that during the Quit India Movement of 1942 Shirish Kumar, a mere boy of 15 years, lost his life by a gun shot. A small memorial has been erected in memory of Shirish Kumar in the square where he shed his blood.
As of 2001[update] India census, Nandurbar District had a population of 1,309,135, being 50.62% male and 49.38% female. Nandurbar District has an average literacy rate of 46.63%: male literacy is 55.11%, and female literacy is 37.93%.
According to the 2011 census Nandurbar district has a population of 1,648,295, roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau or the US state of Idaho. This gives it a ranking of 304th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 276 inhabitants per square kilometre (710/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 25.5%. Nandurbar has a sex ratio of 972 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 64.38%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 2.91% and 69.28% of the population respectively The Bhils form the major group in the district.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 45.45% of the population in the district spoke Bhili, 16.06% Marathi, 8.84% Khandeshi, 7.34% Pawri, 4.4% Gamit, 3.79% Urdu, 2.61% Kukna, 2.55% Hindi, and 2.32% Gujarati as their first language.
Aadivasi (tribal) Languages spoken include Ahirani, Gujar, a Khandeshi tongue with approximately 780,000 speakers, similar to Marathi and Bhili. and Pauri Bareli, a Bhil and other tribal language with approximately 175 000 speakers, written in the Devanagari script.
At entrance a beautiful statue of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
It is a beautiful hill station which is around 80 km from the Nandurbar city.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Nandurbar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the twelve districts in Maharashtra currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
|Climate chart (explanation)|
The Climate of Nandurbar District is generally Hot and Dry. As the rest of India Nandurbar District has three distinct seasons; Summer, Monsoon/Rainy and the Winter season.
Summer is from March to mid of June. Summers are usually hot and dry. During the month of May the summer is at its peak. Temperatures can be as high as 45° Celsius during the peak of Summer. The Monsoon sets in during the mid or end of June. During this season the weather is usually humid and hot. The northern and western regions receive more rainfall than the rest of the region. The average rainfall is 767 mm through the district. Winter is from the month of November to February. Winters are mildly cold but dry.
|Climate data for Nandurbar|
|Average high °C (°F)||25
|Average low °C (°F)||11
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||7.00
Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.