Nandurbar district
Yeshwant Lake
Map of Maharashtra with Nandurbar highlighted in red
Coordinates: 21°23′N 74°22′E / 21.383°N 74.367°E / 21.383; 74.367Coordinates: 21°23′N 74°22′E / 21.383°N 74.367°E / 21.383; 74.367
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DivisionNashik
Named forAadivasi (tribal)
HeadquartersNandurbar
Talukas
Area
 • Total5,955 km2 (2,299 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,648,295
 • Density260/km2 (700/sq mi)
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
 • SpokenMarathi, Bhili, Gujar and various dialects of Khandeshi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code91-2564
ISO 3166 codeIN-MH-NB
Vehicle registrationMH-39[1]
Sex ratio975 /
Literacy64.38%%
Websitenandurbar.gov.in

Nandurbar district (Marathi pronunciation: [nən̪d̪uɾbaːɾ]) is an administrative district in the northwest corner of Maharashtra state in India . On 1 July 1998 Dhule was bifurcated as two separate districts now known as Dhule and Nandurbar. Nandurbar is a tribal-dominated district , The district headquarters are located at Nandurbar city. The district occupies an area of 5955 km2 and has a population of 1,648,295 of which 16.71% were urban (as of 2011).[2]

Nandurbar district is bounded to the south and south-east by Dhule district, to the west and north is the state of Gujarat, to the north and north-east is the state of Madhya Pradesh. The northern boundary of the district is defined by the great Narmada river.

Ranjana Sonawane of Tembhli village and rushil in Nandurbar district became first citizen of India to get twelve (12) digit Unique Identification on 29 September 2010. The unique identification or Aadhaar is ambitious project of the central government of India to provide unique identification to its billion plus citizens.[3]

Divisions

The district comprises six talukas. These talukas are Nandurbar, Navapur, Shahada, Taloda, Akkalkuwa and Akrani Mahal (also called Dhadgaon).

There is one Lok Sabha constituency in the district which is Nandurbar (ST) reserved for Scheduled Tribes. There are four Maharashtra Assembly seats namely Akkalkuwa (ST), Shahada (ST), Nandurbar (ST), Nawapur (ST).

Sakri (ST) and Shirpur (ST) assembly seats from Dhule district are also part of Nandurbar Lok Sabha seat. Nandurbar is primarily a tribal (Adiwasi) district.

History

Nandurbar is a part of Satpuda Pradesh, meaning Seven Hills Region. The district was part of the Khandesh district with Dhule and Jalgaon till July 1998. The ancient name of this region is Rasika, when Nandurbar was also called Nandanagri after the name of its king Nandaraja.[4]

The district is also rich with mythological accounts of the Ramayana, where the region is referred to as 'Krushik'.

The region is linked to various rulers of the time including bhil , Chalukyas, Vartakas and Yadavas.

Prior to Mughal era, formed the southern boundary of the Tughlaq Empire.

Due to its strategic location at the ends of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, Nandurbar kept shifting into different power regimes. After the Mughal Empire's decline, the Marathas took control of Khandesh and subsequently on 3 June 1818 the Maratha Peshwa surrendered Khandesh to the British rule.

Nandurbar had its own share in the Indian struggle for independence. It was here that during the Quit India Movement of 1942 Shirish Kumar, a mere boy of 15 years, lost his life by a gun shot. A small memorial has been erected in memory of Shirish Kumar in the square where he shed his blood.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901191,238—    
1911238,612+2.24%
1921253,399+0.60%
1931304,918+1.87%
1941360,685+1.69%
1951452,166+2.29%
1961565,958+2.27%
1971692,467+2.04%
1981848,010+2.05%
19911,062,545+2.28%
20011,311,709+2.13%
20111,648,295+2.31%
source:[5]

As of 2001 India census,[6] Nandurbar District had a population of 1,309,135, being 50.62% male and 49.38% female. Nandurbar District has an average literacy rate of 46.63%: male literacy is 55.11%, and female literacy is 37.93%.

According to the 2011 census Nandurbar district has a population of 1,648,295,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[7] or the US state of Idaho.[8] This gives it a ranking of 304th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 276 inhabitants per square kilometre (710/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 25.5%.[2] Nandurbar has a sex ratio of 972 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 64.38%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 2.91% and 69.28% of the population respectively The Bhils form the major group in the district.[2]

Religions in Nandurbar district (2011)[9]
Religion Percent
Hindus
92.31%
Muslims
5.84%
Christians
0.51%
Other or not stated
1.34%

Languages

Languages in Nandurbar District[10]

  Bhili (45.45%)
  Marathi (16.06%)
  Khandeshi (8.84%)
  Pawri (7.34%)
  Gamit (4.4%)
  Urdu (3.79%)
  Kukna (2.61%)
  Hindi (2.55%)
  Gujarati (2.32%)
  Other (6.78%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 45.45% of the population in the district spoke Bhili, 16.06% Marathi, 8.84% Khandeshi, 7.34% Pawri, 4.4% Gamit, 3.79% Urdu, 2.61% Kukna, 2.55% Hindi, and 2.32% Gujarati as their first language.[11]

Aadivasi (tribal) Languages spoken include Ahirani, Gujar, a Khandeshi tongue with approximately 780,000 speakers, similar to Marathi and Bhili.[12] and Pauri Bareli, a Bhil and other tribal language with approximately 175 000 speakers, written in the Devanagari script.[13]

Transport and communication

Education

GP Nandurbar
GP Nandurbar

Places must see

At entrance a beautiful statue of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

It is a beautiful hill station which is around 80 km from the Nandurbar city.

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Nandurbar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[15] It is one of the twelve districts in Maharashtra currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[15]

Industries

Wind Farm in Nandurbar
Wind Farm in Nandurbar

Agriculture

Climate

Nandurbar
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
7
 
 
25
11
 
 
1.2
 
 
27
13
 
 
1.4
 
 
32
18
 
 
1.8
 
 
37
22
 
 
9.2
 
 
38
25
 
 
109
 
 
33
25
 
 
374
 
 
28
23
 
 
135
 
 
27
22
 
 
123
 
 
30
21
 
 
40
 
 
31
19
 
 
16
 
 
28
15
 
 
3.5
 
 
25
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [16]

The Climate of Nandurbar District is generally Hot and Dry. As the rest of India Nandurbar District has three distinct seasons; Summer, Monsoon/Rainy and the Winter season.

Summer is from March to mid of June. Summers are usually hot and dry. During the month of May the summer is at its peak. Temperatures can be as high as 45° Celsius during the peak of Summer. The Monsoon sets in during the mid or end of June. During this season the weather is usually humid and hot. The northern and western regions receive more rainfall than the rest of the region. The average rainfall is 767 mm through the district.[17] Winter is from the month of November to February. Winters are mildly cold but dry.

Seasons Start End
Summer March Mid June
Monsoon mid June October
Winter November February
Climate data for Nandurbar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25
(77)
27
(81)
36
(97)
42
(108)
43
(109)
35
(95)
28
(82)
27
(81)
30
(86)
31
(88)
28
(82)
25
(77)
31
(89)
Average low °C (°F) 11
(52)
13
(55)
18
(64)
22
(72)
25
(77)
25
(77)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
19
(66)
15
(59)
12
(54)
19
(66)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.00
(0.28)
1.18
(0.05)
1.42
(0.06)
1.79
(0.07)
9.15
(0.36)
108.62
(4.28)
373.63
(14.71)
134.91
(5.31)
122.75
(4.83)
40.40
(1.59)
16.39
(0.65)
3.49
(0.14)
820.73
(32.33)
Source: [16]

Religion

Prakasha – Dakshin Kashi
Prakasha – Dakshin Kashi

References

  1. ^ "Vehicle Registration Number – Useful info for car lover". Team-BHP. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ "Aadhar – How to get your unique ID from the govt of India". The Times of India. 29 September 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2010.
  4. ^ https://www.maharashtratourism.gov.in/docs/default-source/district-draft-toursim-plans/nandurbar.pdf
  5. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Idaho 1,567,582
  9. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Maharashtra". census.gov.in.
  10. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  11. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  12. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Ahirani: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  13. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "gujar is also indian language Bareli, Pauri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  14. ^ "G P Nandurbar". Archived from the original on 15 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  15. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  16. ^ a b "The Gazetteers Department – DHULIA". Maharashtra.gov.in. Retrieved 20 November 2010.
  17. ^ "Special Articles – Government of Maharashtra". Maharashtra.gov.in. Retrieved 20 November 2010.
  18. ^ "Hinagani". Hingani.tripod.com. Retrieved 20 November 2010.