|Sarvajna Chakradhar Swami|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Maharashtra, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat|
|Leela Charitra, Siddhanta Sutrapatha, Bhagavad Gita|
|Marathi (Primary) • Sanskrit and others|
|Part of a series on|
|Part of a series on|
Mahanubhava (also known as Jai Krishni Pantha) refers to Krishnaite Hindu denomination in India that was founded by Sarvajna Shri Chakradhar Swami (or Chakradhara), an ascetic and philosopher who considered as a reincarnation of Krishna by his devotees Some sources list the founder as Govinda Prabhu with Chakradhara as its first "apostle". Mahanubhava Sampradaya was formed in modern-day Varhad region of Maharashtra in 1267. It has different names such as Jai Krishni Pantha in Punjab and Achyuta Marga in Gujarat. Mahanubhava Pantha was also known as Paramarga by its followers in 13th century.
In Mahanubhava, all members are accepted, irrespective of their castes, and the traditional ritualistic religion is rejected. Mahanubhava survives to the present. It teaches that Krishna is the only God.
Shri Chakradhar propounded his philosophy like Shri Krishna from among the "Five Krishnas" (shri gopal krishna, shri dattatreya prabhu, shri chakrapani, shri govinda prabhu (gunḍam rāūḷ) and shri chakradhara swami).
Shri Chakradhar was born in Bharuch, Gujarat. Although he was a Gujarati by birth, he had excellent command of the Marathi. He moved among all sections of society. He discoursed his philosophy among the people in their own language. He used formulaic language full of meaning in a compact style. He exhorted his disciples to write only in Marathi.
One of the most important aspects of Mahanubhava is asceticism. The fourfold teachings are: non-violence, celibacy, asceticism and bhakti. And the different aspects of Gods incarnations to be worshipped are: name, form, activity, deeds, place, vachans (Shruti), memories (Smriti) and the blessing of God incarnate.
One can practice bhakti by memorising deeds of the almighty. The aspirant for salvation must sacrifice his country, village and his relations and offer his life to God. Chakradhara also taught the followers of Mahanubhava Sampradaya; when, where, how and how much alms they should be beg for.
The central theme of Mahanubhava was, "Feel the soul and not the body". Living the life of mendicant and practicing asceticism severely, the devotee should live according to principle, "God is mine and I am God’s". The core of his code of behavior is summed up in the following line for the benefit of his followers: "Even if the head is cut off, the body should worship God".
Besides teaching strict vegetarianism, the Mahanubhava Pantha forbids the use of alcohol and teaches non-violence.
Main article: Leela Charitra
Mahanubhav's literature generally comprises works that describe the incarnations of gods, the history of the sect, commentaries on the Bhagavad Gita, poetical works narrating the stories of life of Shri Krishna and grammatical and etymological works that are deemed useful to explain the philosophy of Mahanubhava.
Leelacharitra is thought to be the first biography written in the Marathi language. Mahimbhatta's second important literacy creation was Shri Govindaprabhucharitra or Rudhipurcharitra, a biography of Swami's guru, Shri Govind Prabhu, in the form of 325 deeds. This was probably written in 1288, soon after the death of Shri Prabhu.
Apart from Leelacharitra, Keshobas (Keshavrajsuri) collected the Swami's aphoristic vachans or actually spoken words, known as Sutrapatha. Keshavrajsuri translated the "deeds" from Leelacharitra into Sanskrit in his work called "Ratnamala". Similarly he has written in Sanskrit Dristantstotarm based on Dristantpatha. The first Acharya of Mahanubhava is Nagdevacharya or Bhatobas. His biography was written by Narendra and Bhaidevbas in about 1308.
In this manner seven works which have been written are known as Satigrantha and they are accepted by the follower of the sect. These works and their writers are:
It was Nagadeva who systematized Mahanubhava. Mahadamba was a leading poetess of the movement. Mahanubhava Pantha followers worship Lord Krishna and other 4 gods namely Dattatreya, Chakrapani, Govinda Prabhu and Sarvajna Shri Chakradhara. They are fully vegetarian. They drink water by filtering it so as not to harm micro-organisms.
The Mahanubhava Panth publishes Mahanubhav Sandesh, a newspaper in Marathi and Hindi. There are plans to eventual expand the publication to an English edition.