Alirajpur district
Traditional Bhil fair in Alirajpur
Traditional Bhil fair in Alirajpur
Location of Alirajpur district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Alirajpur district in Madhya Pradesh
Coordinates (Alirajpur): 22°18′18″N 74°21′36″E / 22.30500°N 74.36000°E / 22.30500; 74.36000
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DivisionIndore
HeadquartersAlirajpur
Government
 • District MagistrateShri Raghvendra Singh
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesRatlam
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies1. Alirajpur, 2. Jobat
Area
 • Total3,182 km2 (1,229 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total728,677
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy37.22 per cent
 • Sex ratio1009
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Websitealirajpur.nic.in

Alirajpur is one of the 52 districts of Madhya Pradesh state in India. It was created from Alirajpur, Jobat and Bhabra tehsils of the former Jhabua district on 17 May 2008. It is the least literate district in India as per Census 2011. Alirajpur is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district occupies an area of 2,165.24 square kilometres (836.00 sq mi), and at the 2011 census had a population of 728,999. It includes the city of Alirajpur.

Origin of name

The district is named after its headquarters, Alirajpur, which was the capital of the former princely state of Ali Rajpur. The name of this town is derived by conjoining Ali (the fortress town and the former capital of the princely state founded by Anand Deo in 1437) and Rajpur (the latter capital).[1] According to the 2011 census Alirajpur district has a population of 728,677,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Bhutan or the US state of Alaska.[3][4] This gives it a ranking of 498th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 229 inhabitants per square kilometre (590/sq mi).[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 19.4 per cent.[5] Alirajpur has a sex ratio of 1,009 females for every 1,000 males, and a literacy rate of 37.22 per cent, the lowest in India.[3][5]

Divisions

This district comprises Six tehsils and Development Blocks : Alirajpur, Jobat, Sondwa, Udaigarh , Chandra Sekhra Ajad Nagar and Kathiwada.[6]

Presently, there are two Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Alirajpur and Jobat.[5] Both of these are part of Ratlam Lok Sabha constituency.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
190170,763—    
191198,753+3.39%
1921114,538+1.49%
1931133,892+1.57%
1941157,188+1.62%
1951175,255+1.09%
1961228,765+2.70%
1971293,125+2.51%
1981347,730+1.72%
1991483,481+3.35%
2001610,275+2.36%
2011728,999+1.79%
source:[7]
Religions in Alirajpur district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
96.72%
Islam
2.42%
Christianity
0.63%
Other or not stated
0.23%

According to the 2011 census Alirajpur district has a population of 728,999,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Bhutan or the US state of Alaska.[4][9] This gives it a ranking of 498th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 229 inhabitants per square kilometre (590/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 19.45 per cent.[2] Alirajpur has a sex ratio of 1,009 females for every 1,000 males, and a literacy rate of 37.22 per cent, the lowest in India.[2][3] Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 3.69% and 88.98% of the population respectively.[2]

Languages of Alirajpur district (2011)

  Bhilali (53.68%)
  Bhili (35.42%)
  Hindi (7.27%)
  Gujarati (1.87%)
  Others (1.76%)

Almost 90% of the population speaks different Bhili dialects. At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 53.68% of the population in the district spoke Bhilali, 35.42% Bhili, 7.27% Hindi and 1.87% Gujarati as their first language.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Ali Rajpur". Imperial Gazetteer of India, vol. 5, p. 223.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census Handbook: Alirajpur" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  3. ^ a b c Dhar, Aarti (31 March 2011). "Significant boost in literacy: 2011 census". The Hindu. New Delhi. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
  4. ^ a b US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Bhutan 708,427
  5. ^ a b c d e "District/Assembly List". Chief Electoral Officer, Madhya Pradesh website. Archived from the original on 1 December 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2010.
  6. ^ "Government of Madhya Pradesh website for Alirajpur District".
  7. ^ "Table A-02 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901: Madhya Pradesh" (PDF). census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  8. ^ "Table C-01 Population By Religion: Madhya Pradesh". census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Alaska 710,231
  10. ^ "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Madhya Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.