Panna district
Clockwise from top-left: Ajaygarh Temple, Mritangeshwara Temple in Nandchand, Parnami Temple, Ken River in Panna National Park, Pawai Chandi Waterfalls
Location of Panna district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Panna district in Madhya Pradesh
Coordinates (Panna, India): 24°43′N 80°10′E / 24.717°N 80.167°E / 24.717; 80.167
StateMadhya Pradesh
HeadquartersPanna, India
TehsilsPanna, Ajaygarh, Pawai, Amanganj, Gunour, Shahnagar, Raipura, Devendranagar and Simariya
 • BodyLegislative Assembly of Panna, pawai and Gunour
 • Collector & District MagistrateShri Harjinder Singh(IAS)
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesKhajuraho
 • member of parliamentV.D. Shama(BJP)
 • Total7,135 km2 (2,755 sq mi)
 • Total1,016,520
 • Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
 • Literacy66.08%
 • Sex ratio907
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationMP-35
Major highwaysNH 39 State highway 49

Panna district is a district of the Sagar Division, within the Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The town of Panna is the district headquarters.


Main article: Panna State

Panna district was created in 1950, shortly after Indian independence, from the territory of several former princely states of British India, including the states of Panna, Jaso, most of Ajaigarh, and a portion of Paldeo. Panna District was part of the new Indian state of Vindhya Pradesh, which was merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956.


Panna district lies between 23°27′N 79°27′E / 23.45°N 79.45°E / 23.45; 79.45 and 25°06′N 80°24′E / 25.10°N 80.40°E / 25.10; 80.40.[1] It has an area of 7,135 km2.[2]

The Ken River flows through the district. The Pandav Falls and the Gatha Falls are located in the district. Panna National Park is a major tourist attraction in the district.[3]


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Panna one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4] It is among the five poorest districts in the state in terms of income. It ranks 41st out of 45 districts in human development index (HDI) in Madhya Pradesh.[5]


Gram panchayats under Panna district

This intermediate subdivisions are also called block,[6] intermediate panchayat,[7] tehsil[8] or tahsil.[8] Inside Panna district, there are the following nine subdivisions:


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Religions in Panna district (2011)[10]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

According to the 2011 census Panna District has a population of 1,016,520,[11] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[12] or the US state of Montana.[13] This gives it a ranking of 442nd in India (out of a total of 640).[11] The district has a population density of 142 inhabitants per square kilometre (370/sq mi) .[11] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 18.62%.[11] Panna has a sex ratio of 907 females for every 1000 males,[11] and a literacy rate of 66.08%. 12.33% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Tribes made up 20.46% and 16.81% of the population respectively.[11]


Languages of Panna district (2011)[14]

  Hindi (69.08%)
  Bundeli (29.73%)
  Others (1.19%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 69.08% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 29.73% Bundeli as their first language.[14]

Among Panna's languages is Bundeli, which has a lexical similarity of 72–91% with Hindi and is spoken by about 3 million people in Bagelkhand.[15]


Panna district is famous for its diamond mines located in a belt of about 80 km across the Panna town.[2] In olden days the most productive mines were located in the village of Sukariuh.[16] Nowadays, Majhagaon is the only active diamond mine in Asia.[17]

Tourist Places



  1. ^ "Panna district map". Maps of India. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Panna District". india9. Archived from the original on 12 March 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  3. ^ "Panna – a city of diamonds". Panna district administration. Archived from the original on 20 August 2010. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Mining Map: Hotspots – Madhya Pradesh". Archived from the original on 21 May 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  6. ^ a b c National Habitation Survey 2003: LIST OF QUALITY AFFECTED HABITATIONS Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Village Panchayat Names of AJAIGARH Archived 10 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ a b State elections 2008 candidates
  9. ^ "Table A-02 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901: Madhya Pradesh" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  10. ^ "Table C-01 Population By Religion: Madhya Pradesh". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook: Panna" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  12. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Cyprus 11,20,489 July 2011 est.
  13. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Montana 989,415
  14. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Madhya Pradesh". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  15. ^ Bagheli at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) Closed access icon
  16. ^ Streeter, Edwin W. "Precious stones and Gems". The Indian Diamond. George Bell & Sons (1898). Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  17. ^ "Panna Diamond Mines". Subh Yatra. Archived from the original on 8 July 2010. Retrieved 18 August 2010.


Famous personalities

Nidhi khare – Author