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Datia district
Palace of Bir Singh Deo
Location of Datia district in Madhya Pradesh
Coordinates (Datia): Coordinates: 25°40′N 78°27′E / 25.667°N 78.450°E / 25.667; 78.450
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
DivisionGwalior division
HeadquartersDatia
TehsilsDatia, Seondha, Bhander, Indergarh and Badoni
Government
 • Collector & District MagistrateMr.Sanjay Kumar IAS
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesBhind-Datia lok sabha constituency
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesDatia Seondha and Bhander
Area
 • Total2,902 km2 (1,120 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total786,754
 • Density270/km2 (700/sq mi)
 • Urban
181,976
Demographics
 • Literacy72.63 per cent
 • Sex ratio873
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationMP 32
Major highwaysNH44
Websitedatia.nic.in/en/

Datia District is in Gwalior Division in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The town of Datia is its district headquarters.

History

It is an ancient town, mentioned in the Mahabharata. Sahadeva; one of the Pandava brothers had won this kingdom from King Dantavakra. Datia had formerly been a state in the Bundelkhand region. The ruling family were Rajputs of the Bundela clan; they descended from a younger son of a former raja of Orchha. The chief rulers of Datia were Bhagwan Rao, Shubhkaran Rao, Dalpat Rao and Ramchandra and they had good relations with the Mughals. There is a fort palace at Datia, the architecture of which is chiefly Indo-Islamic which partly inspired the chief architect Edward Lutyens, while designing New Delhi. The state was administered as part of the Bundelkhand agency of Central India. It lay in the extreme north-west of Bundelkhand, near Gwalior, and was surrounded on all sides by other princely states of Central India, except on the east where it bordered upon the United Provinces.[1] It was second highest in the rank of all the Bundela states after Orchha, with a 15-gun salute, and its Maharajas bore the hereditary title of Second of the Princes of Bundelkhand. The land area of the state was 2130 km² and its population in 1901 was 173,759.[1]

Datia, together with the rest of the Bundelkhand agency, became part of the new state of Vindhya Pradesh in 1950. In 1956, Vindhya Pradesh state was merged with certain other areas to form the state of Madhya Pradesh within the Union of India.

Geography

In 2011, Datia had population of 786,754 of which male and female were 420,157 and 366,597 respectively The district has an area of 2,691 km2, and a population 627,818 (2001 census). The population of Datia District increased by 26% from 1981 to 1991, and by 22% from 1991 to 2001. The district has 445 villages and 4 towns, Datia, Seondha, Bhander and Indergarh. Each town is the headquarters of its tehsil.[2]

Datia is bounded by the Madhya Pradesh districts of Bhind to the north, Gwalior to the west, and Shivpuri to the south, and by Jhansi District of Uttar Pradesh state to the east. The district is part of Gwalior Division.[2]

Demographics

Population

District Court at RamNagar
District Court at RamNagar

According to the 2011 census Datia District has a population of 786,754[3] roughly equal to the nation of Comoros[4] or the US state of South Dakota.[5] This gives it a ranking of 487th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 271 inhabitants per square kilometre (700/sq mi)[3] with 76% living in rural regions and 24% living in urban areas. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.4%.[3] Datia has a sex ratio of 873 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 72.63%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 25.46% and 1.91% of the population respectively.[3]

Religions in Datia district (2011)[6]
Religion Percent
Hindus
95.04%
Muslims
3.62%
Buddhists
1.01%
Other or not stated
0.33%

Languages

Languages of Datia district (2011)

  Hindi (91.06%)
  Bundeli (8.16%)
  Others (0.78%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 91.06% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 8.16% Bundeli as their first language.[7] Bundeli is the main dialect of the district.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Datia". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 845–846.
  2. ^ a b "Datia district". District Administration. Retrieved 2010-04-14.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Comoros 794,683 July 2011 est.
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. South Dakota 814,180
  6. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Madhya Pradesh". census.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India.
  7. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue