Madhya Pradesh High Court
मध्य प्रदेश उच्च न्यायालय
Panoramic view of the Court building
Established2 January 1956; 64 years ago
JurisdictionMadhya Pradesh
LocationPrincipal Seat: Jabalpur, M.P.
Circuit Benches: Indore & Gwalior
Coordinates23°9′38″N 79°56′19″E / 23.16056°N 79.93861°E / 23.16056; 79.93861Coordinates: 23°9′38″N 79°56′19″E / 23.16056°N 79.93861°E / 23.16056; 79.93861[1]
Composition methodPresidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of respective state.
Authorized byConstitution of India
Appeals toSupreme Court of India
Judge term lengthmandatory retirement by age of 62
Number of positions53
Websitehttp://mphc.gov.in/
Chief Justice
CurrentlyRavi Malimath[2]
Since14 October 2021

The Madhya Pradesh High Court is the High Court of the state of Madhya Pradesh which is located in Jabalpur. It was established as the Nagpur High Court on 2 January 1936 by Letters Patent dated 2 January 1936, issued under Section 108 the Government of India Act, 1935. This Letters Patent continued in force even after the adoption of the constitution of India on 26 January 1950 by virtue of Articles 225 & 372 thereof. The court has a sanctioned judge strength of 53.

History

The present state of Madhya Pradesh, was originally created as Central Provinces in the 19th century, as Judicial Commission's territory and was administered by the Judicial Commissioner. The Judicial Commissioner's court at Nagpur was, at that time, the highest Court of the territory. It was converted into a Governor's province in 1921, when it became entitled to a full-fledged High Court for administration of Justice.

Later, Berar, a part of Nizam's state of Hyderabad, was transferred in 1933 to the Central Province, for administration. This gave the state its new name Central Provinces and Berar. Thereafter, by virtue of Letters Patent dated 2 January 1936, issued under Section 108 of the Government of India Act, 1915, by King Emperor, George the Fifth, the Nagpur High Court was established for Central Pronvices and Berar. This Letters Patent, under which the Nagpur High Court was constituted and invested with jurisdiction, continued to remain in force even after the adoption of the constitution of India on 26 January 1950, by virtue of Articles 225 & 372 thereof.

On 1 November 1956, the new state of Madhya Pradesh was constituted under States Reorganisation Act. Subsection (1) of Section 49 of the States Re-organisation Act ordained that from the appointed day i.e., 1 November 1956, the High Court exercising jurisdiction, in relation to the existing state of Madhya Pradesh, i.e. Nagpur High Court, shall be deemed to be the High Court for the present state of Madhya Pradesh. Thus Nagpur High Court was not abolished but by a legal fiction it became High Court for the new state of Madhya Pradesh with its seat at Jabalpur. Hon'ble the Chief Justice, vide order dated 1 November 1956 constituted temporary benches of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Indore and Gwalior. Later, by a Presidential Notification Dt. 28 November 1968, issued in the exercise of the powers conferred by the Subsection (2) of section 51 of the States Reorganization Act, 1956, permanent benches of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Indore and Gwalior were established. This state of affairs continued till 1 November 2000, when the state of Chhattisgarh was carved of the existing state of Madhya Pradesh by virtue of the provisions of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2000 and the High Court of Chhattisgarh was established for that state with its seat at Bilaspur. The High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Jabalpur then became High Court for the successor state of Madhya Pradesh.

Principal seat & Benches

The principal seat of the court is in Jabalpur. The court is housed in an impressive building constructed by Raja Gokul Das in 1899. The building was designed by Henry Irwin in 1886. The construction work of this building was commenced in 1886 and completed in 1889. The building was constructed in brick-lime with ornamental towers and cornices. The architecture of the building is mixed baroque and oriental. The arches as well as the bastions at the corner are ornamental. There are 25 court rooms in this building.

On 1 November 1956, two temporary benches of the High Court of Madhya Pradesh were constituted, one at Indore and the other at Gwalior. Later by a Notification, these were converted to permanent benches on 28 November 1968.

Former Chief Justices

Nagpur High Court

# Chief Justice Term
1 Gilbert stone 9 January 1936–
2 Frederick Louis Grille
3 Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha 1951–1954
4 M. Hidayatullah 1954–31 October 1956

Madhya Pradesh High Court

# Chief Justice Tenure
Start Finish
1 M. Hidayatullah 1 November 1956 12 December 1958
2 Ganesh Prasad Bhutt 13 December 1958 22 September 1959
3 P. V. Dixit 22 September 1959 18 March 1969
4 Bishambhar Dayal 19 March 1969 13 March 1972
5 P. K. Tare 14 September 1972 10 October 1975
6 Shiv Dayal Shrivastava 11 October 1975 28 February 1978
7 A. P. Sen 28 February 1978 14 July 1978
8 G. P. Singh 27 July 1978 3 January 1984
9 Goverdhanlal Jamnalal Oza 1 December 1984 27 October 1985
10 J. S. Verma 14 June 1986 27 August 1986
11 Narayan Dutt Ojha 8 October 1986 18 January 1988
12 G. G. Sohani 21 October 1989 23 October 1989
13 Sushil Kumar Jha 27 October 1989 15 December 1993
14 Ullal Lakshminarayan Bhat 15 December 1993 10 October 1995
15 A. K. Mathur 3 February 1996 21 December 1999
16 Bhawani Singh 24 February 2000 19 August 2003
17 Kumar Rajarathnam 6 September 2003 12 March 2004
18 R. V. Raveendran 8 July 2004 8 September 2005
19 A. K. Patnaik 2 October 2005 16 November 2009
20 Syed Rafat Alam 20 December 2009 4 August 2011
21 Sharad Arvind Bobde 16 October 2012 11 April 2013
22 Ajay Manikrao Khanwilkar 24 November 2013 12 May 2016
23 Hemant Gupta 18 March 2017 1 November 2018
24 Sanjay Kumar Seth 10 November 2018 9 June 2019
25 Ajay Kumar Mittal 3 November 2019 29 September 2020
26 Mohammad Rafiq 3 January 2021 13 October 2021
27 Ravi Malimath 14 October 2021 Incumbent

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Latitude and Longitude". satsig.com. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
  2. ^ http://mphc.in/?q=node/274

References