High Court of Karnataka
ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ಉಚ್ಚ ನ್ಯಾಯಾಲಯ
Logo of Karnataka High Court.png
Emblem of the court
Established1884 (138 years ago) (1884)
JurisdictionKarnataka
LocationPrincipal bench
(main bench)
Additional benches
  • Hubli–Dharwad founded in 2008, became permanent in August 2013
  • Gulbarga, established in 2008, became permanent in August 2013
Coordinates12°58′40″N 77°35′33″E / 12.9779°N 77.5926°E / 12.9779; 77.5926Coordinates: 12°58′40″N 77°35′33″E / 12.9779°N 77.5926°E / 12.9779; 77.5926
Composition methodPresidential appointment on advice of the Chief Justice of India and the Governor of Karnataka.
Authorized byConstitution of India
Judge term lengthMandatory retirement at age 62
Number of positions62
LanguageKannada, English
Websitekarnatakajudiciary.kar.nic.in
Chief Justice
CurrentlyRitu Raj Awasthi
Since11 October 2021

The High Court of Karnataka (IAST: Karnātaka Uchha Nyāyālaya, commonly called the Karnataka High Court) is the High Court of the Indian state of Karnataka and thus its highest judicial authority. The court's principal bench is located in Bangalore, the capital city of Karnataka, with additional benches in Hubli-Dharwad and Gulbarga. It was previously called the High Court of Mysore. In Bangalore, the High Court functions out of a red-painted brick building known as the Attara Kacheri, located opposite the Vidhana Soudha, the seat of the legislature of Karnataka.

Composition

The High Court is composed of the Chief Justice of Karnataka and other judges. Judges are appointed by the President of India.[1] As of February 2022, there are 45 judges in the High Court,[2] out of a sanctioned maximum strength of 62.[3] Ritu Raj Awasthi has been the Chief Justice since October 11, 2021.

Powers and jurisdiction

The High Court is the highest judicial authority within the State of Karnataka. It has superintendence over all courts and tribunals, such as district courts, operating within Karnataka, except those of the armed forces.[4][5] Appeals against judgements of lower courts, such as district-level civil and sessions courts, are heard in the High Court. Appeals against judgements of the High Court are heard by the Supreme Court of India.

The High Court is a court of record and can prosecute for contempt of itself.[6]

The Karnataka High court has two permanent benches at Dharwad and Kalaburagi ( Gulbarga then). The permanent Karnataka high court bench at Dharwad became operational on 24 August 2013 and Gulbarga on 31 August 2013.[7] Before operational of permanent high court benches, Dharwad and Kalaburagi had circuit benches of Karnataka High Court from the year 2008. Dharwad bench of Karnataka High Court was inaugurated by then Chief Justice of India K.G.Balakrishnan on 4 July 2008 and became operational from 7 July 2008 A.D.[8]

Premises

Main article: Attara Kacheri

Rear facade of Attara Kacheri, the Bangalore seat of the Court's principal bench (in Neoclassical architecture style)
Rear facade of Attara Kacheri, the Bangalore seat of the Court's principal bench (in Neoclassical architecture style)
Attara Kacheri, the Bangalore seat of the Court's principal bench
Attara Kacheri, the Bangalore seat of the Court's principal bench

The High Court's principal bench is located in Bangalore, in a building called the Attara Kacheri. It is a wide two-storied building of stone and brick, painted red, in the neoclassical style of architecture. It was constructed between 1864 and 1868.[9]

There was a proposal to demolish this building in the year 1982.[10] A public interest litigation (PIL) was filed in the High Court pleading to stop the demolition. This was the first PIL to be filed in the court, and the case was heard in the same building that was supposed to be demolished.[11] The petition was struck down by the High Court, but the proposal to demolish the building was dropped in 1985 when the Supreme Court asked the state government to reconsider demolition.

Notable judges

Four judges of the court, E. S. Venkataramiah, M. N. Venkatachaliah, S. Rajendra Babu and H.L. Dattu, went on to become Chief Justices of India[12] and others including Kalmanje Jagannatha Shetty, N. Venkatachala, R. V. Raveendran, Shivaraj Patil, Venkate Gopala Gowda, Mohan Shantanagoudar, S. Abdul Nazeer, A. S. Oka and B. V. Nagarathna were appointed as judges in the Supreme Court of India.[13]

Chief Justices

P Mahadevayya, M Sadasivayya, Nittoor Srinivasa Rau, Sam Piroj Bharucha and G. T. Nanavati were some notable Chief Justices who presided over this court.

List of former Chief Justices

High Court of Mysore
N Chief Justice Term
1 Charles George Plumer 1884 – July 1890
2 Sir T. R. A. Thumboo Chetty July 1890 – 4 November 1895
3 James William Best 4 November 1895 – 1907
4 Stanley Ismay 1908–1912
5 P. Mahadevayya 1931–1934
6 Justice Palecanda Belliappa Medapa 1948 -1955
High Court of Karnataka
# Chief Justice Term
1 R.Venkataramaiah 1 November 1956 – 16 July 1957
2 S. R. Das Gupta 25 July 1957 – 13 August 1961
3 Nittoor Srinivasa Rau 29 March 1962 – 7 August 1963
4 A. R. Somanath Iyer 23 November 1969 – 29 December 1969
5 M. Sadasivayya 30 December 1969 – 16 September 1970
6 A. Narayana Pai 17 September 1970 – 6 June 1973
7 G. K. Govinda Bhat 7 June 1973 – 14 December 1977
8 D. M. Chandrashekar 22 March 1978 – 25 September 1982
9 K. Bhimaiah 28 October 1982 – 10 April 1983
10 V. S. Malimath 6 February 1984 – 24 October 1985
11 Prem Chand Jain 28 August 1986 – 16 September 1989
12 S. Mohan 26 October 1989 – 7 October 1991
13 S. P. Bharucha 1 January 1991 – 30 June 1992
14 S. B. Majumdar 2 July 1993 – 13 September 1994
15 G. T. Nanavati 28 September 1994 – 4 March 1995
16 M. L. Pendse 28 July 1995 – 25 March 1996
17 S. A. Hakeem 3 May 1996 – 9 May 1996
18 R. P. Sethi 29 June 1996 – 6 January 1999
19 Y. Bhaskar Rao 9 March 1999 – 26 June 2000
20 P. V. Reddi 21 October 2000 – 16 August 2001
21 Nagendra Kumar Jain 31 August 2001 – 20 October 2004
22 N. K. Sodhi 19 November 2004 – 29 November 2005
23 Cyriac Joseph 7 January 2006 – 6 July 2008
24 P. D. Dinakaran 8 August 2008 – 7 August 2010
25 Jagdish Singh Khehar 8 August 2010 – 12 September 2011
26 Vikramajit Sen 24 December 2011 – 24 December 2012
27 Dhirendra Hiralal Waghela 7 March 2013 – 1 June 2015
28 Subhro Kamal Mukherjee 23 February 2016– 9 October 2017
29 Dinesh Maheshwari 12 February 2018 – 17 January 2019
30 Abhay Shreeniwas Oka 10 May 2019 – 30 August 2021
31 Ritu Raj Awasthi 11 October 2021- Incumbent

Judges

This article needs to be updated. Please help update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (October 2021)

The current sitting judges of the court are as follows:[14]

# Name Position From
1 Ritu Raj Awasthi Chief Justice 11 October 2021
2 Alok Aradhe Permanent Judge 17 November 2018
3 S. Sujatha Permanent Judge 2 January 2015
4 B. Veerappa Permanent Judge 2 January 2015
5 G. Narendar Permanent Judge 2 January 2015
6 P. S. Dinesh Kumar Permanent Judge 2 January 2015
7 Pavankumar Bhimappa Bajantri Permanent Judge 17 November 2018
8 K. Somashekar Permanent Judge 14 November 2016
9 Kottravva Somappa Mudagal Permanent Judge 14 November 2016
10 Sreenivas Harish Kumar Permanent Judge 14 November 2016
11 Nangli Krishnarao Sudhindrarao Permanent Judge 21 February 2017
12 Hosur Bhujangaraya Prabhakara Sastry Permanent Judge 21 February 2017
13 Dixit Krishna Shripad Permanent Judge 14 February 2018
14 Shankar Ganapathi Pandit Permanent Judge 14 February 2018
15 R Devdas Permanent Judge 14 February 2018
16 Bhotanhosur Mallikarjuna Shyam Prasad Permanent Judge 14 February 2018
17 Siddappa Sunil Dutt Yadav Permanent Judge 14 February 2018
18 Mohammad Nawaz Permanent Judge 02 June 2018
19 Harekoppa Thimmana Gowda Narendra Prasad Permanent Judge 02 June 2018
20 Ashok Golappa Nijagannavar Permanent Judge 03 November 2018
21 Hethur Puttaswamygowda Sandesh Permanent Judge 03 November 2018
22 Krishnan Natarajan Permanent Judge 03 November 2018
23 S.R. Krishna Kumar Permanent Judge 23 September 2019
24 Suraj Govindaraj Permanent Judge 23 September 2019
25 Sachin Shankar Magadum Permanent Judge 23 September 2019
26 Neranahalli Srinivasan Sanjay Gowda Permanent Judge 11 November 2019
27 Jyoti Mulimani Permanent Judge 11 November 2019
28 Nataraj Rangaswamy Permanent Judge 11 November 2019
29 Hemant Chandangoudar Permanent Judge 11 November 2019
30 Pradeep Singh Yerur Permanent Judge 11 November 2019
31 Maheshan Nagaprasanna Permanent Judge 26 November 2019
32 Maralur Indrakumar Arun Additional Judge 07 January 2020
33 Engalaguppe Seetharamaiah Indiresh Additional Judge 07 January 2020
34 Ravi Venkappa Hosmani Additional Judge 07 January 2020
35 Savanur Vishwajith Shetty Additional Judge 28 April 2020
36 Shivashankar Amarannavar Additional Judge 04 May 2020
37 Makkimane Ganeshaiah Uma Additional Judge 04 May 2020
38 Vedavyasachar Srishananda Additional Judge 04 May 2020
39 Hanchate Sanjeevkumar Additional Judge 04 May 2020
40 Padmaraj Nemachandra Desai Additional Judge 04 May 2020
41 P Krishna Bhat Additional Judge 21 May 2020
42 M. G. Shukure Kamal Additional Judge 17 March 2021
43 Rajendra Badamikar Additional Judge 25 March 2021
44 Khazi Jaibunnisa Mohiuddin Additional Judge 25 March 2021

Additional Benches

Karnataka High court bench in Gulbarga.
Karnataka High court bench in Gulbarga.

The Karnataka High Court is currently functional in Bangalore, Dharwad and Gulbarga. There was a long-standing demand for an additional bench as the location of Bangalore in south-east corner of the state caused hardship for people visiting the High Court from the distant northern regions of the state. This issue led to agitation, including boycott of court proceedings by lawyers in the northern region. The demand was finally met in the year 2006 when it was decided that circuit benches of the High Court would be set up in Dharwad and Gulbarga.[15] The new branches were inaugurated on 4 and 5 July 2008, respectively. There was later demand to make both Dharwad and Gulbarga benches permanent. Consequently, Dharwad circuit bench became a permanent bench from 25 August 2013 and Gulbarga circuit bench became a permanent bench from 31 August 2013.

Controversies

In late 2002, 14 newspapers and periodicals reported that some judges from the High Court of Karnataka were allegedly involved in a sex scandal in Mysore. A high-level judicial inquiry committee was established by the Chief Justice. Later, the committee acquitted the judges as they could not find any substantive evidence.[16][17][18]

References

  1. ^ Article 216 of the Constitution of India (1950)
  2. ^ "High Court of Karnataka Official Web Site".
  3. ^ "High Court sees highest number of judges at 43". The Hindu. 9 January 2020. Archived from the original on 21 December 2020. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  4. ^ Article 227, Clause 1 of the Constitution of India (1950)
  5. ^ Article 227, Clause 4 of the Constitution of India (1950)
  6. ^ Article 215 of the Constitution of India (1950)
  7. ^ "Permanent Benches of Karnataka High Court Established at Dharwad and Gulbarga". Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  8. ^ "Dharwad high court bench all set to celebrate its 10th anniversay". Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  9. ^ "Attara Kacheri: Building that housed 18 public departments made way for Karnataka High Court". The Economic Times. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  10. ^ "When the axe was spared". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 18 April 2007. Archived from the original on 10 December 2007. Retrieved 11 September 2007.
  11. ^ "The battle for Attara Kacheri". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 18 April 2006. Archived from the original on 12 September 2006. Retrieved 11 September 2007.
  12. ^ "List of Judges of Karnataka who were appointed as Chief Justice of India". Online webpage of The High Court of Karnataka. Retrieved 11 September 2007.
  13. ^ "List of Judges of Karnataka who were appointed as judges in the Supreme Court of India". Online webpage of The High Court of Karnataka. Retrieved 11 September 2007.
  14. ^ High Court of Karnataka - Profile of sitting judges
  15. ^ "Contracts signed for circuit Bench buildings". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 5 August 2006. Archived from the original on 29 November 2010. Retrieved 11 September 2007.
  16. ^ "Mysore sex scandal: Media faces contempt case". The Times of India. India. 7 February 2003. Retrieved 7 February 2003.
  17. ^ "Contempt proceedings against scribes stayed". The Tribune. Retrieved 5 May 2003.
  18. ^ "Karnataka HC judges cleared in sex scandal". Rediff. Retrieved 2 February 2003.

Further reading