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Telangana High Court
Telangana rāṣṭra unnata n'yāyasthānaṁ
తెలంగాణ రాష్ట్ర ఉన్నత న్యాయస్థానం
Telangana State High Court Building
Map
17°22′09″N 78°28′19″E / 17.369181°N 78.472039°E / 17.369181; 78.472039
Established1 January 2019 (5 years ago) (1 January 2019)
JurisdictionTelangana
LocationHyderabad, Telangana
Coordinates17°22′09″N 78°28′19″E / 17.369181°N 78.472039°E / 17.369181; 78.472039
Composition methodExecutive selection subject to qualification
Authorized byConstitution of India & Andhra Pradesh Reorganization Act, 2014
Judge term lengthmandatory retirement by age of 62
Number of positions42 {Permanent 32; Addl. 10}
Websitetshc.gov.in
Chief Justice
CurrentlyAlok Aradhe
Since23 July 2023

The Telangana High Court is the High Court for the Indian state of Telangana. Founded by the 7th Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan,[1] initially, it was set up as High Court of Hyderabad for the then Princely State of Hyderabad Deccan and later renamed High Court of Andhra Pradesh, as it was set up on 5 November 1956 under the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. The Andhra Pradesh High Court was renamed as High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad in view of the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh state.[2]

The President of India, on 26 December 2018, issued orders bifurcating The High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad for the State of Telangana and the State of Andhra Pradesh into High Court of Andhra Pradesh with the principal seat at Amaravati and High Court for the State of Telangana with the principal seat at Hyderabad. The bifurcation and the constitution of separate High Courts for Telangana and Andhra Pradesh came into effect from 1 January 2019.

From 2 June 2014, after the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 came into force, it was renamed and served as a common high court for both of the states until 1 January 2019. A separate high court was established for Andhra Pradesh and inaugurated on 1 January 2019 and it was named as Andhra Pradesh High Court.

The seat of the high court is in Hyderabad and has been sanctioned for 42 judges.[3]

In July 2023, Alok Aradhe was nominated as new chief justice of Telangana High Court.[4][5]

History of the Judiciary

The State of Andhra Pradesh was formed in 1956 by the separation of the merger of the Andhra State which was formed in the year 1953 from erstwhile Madras State and the Telangana area of Hyderabad Deccan which was acceded by Government of India on 17 September 1948 after the Nizam's rule. On 1 January 2019, Telangana High Court was bifurcated into Andhra Pradesh High Court and Telangana High Court after the formation of the state of Telangana.[6]

History of the High Court Building

The High Court stands on the south bank of the River Musi. This is one of the finest buildings in the city, built in red and white stones in Saracenic style, by Nizam VII Mir Osman Ali Khan the ruler of the princely state of Hyderabad.[7]

The plan of the High Court was drawn up by Shankar Lal of Jaipur and the local engineer who executed the design was Mehar Ali Fazil. Its chief engineer was Nawab Khan Bahadur Mirza Akbar Baig. The construction started on 15 April 1915 and was completed on 31 March 1919. On 20 April 1920, the High Court building was inaugurated by the seventh Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan.

While digging the foundation for the High Court, ruins of the Qutb Shahi Palaces, namely Hina Mahal and Nadi Mahal were unearthed. The High Court looks beautiful and impressive from the Naya Pul Bridge at sunset.

After its construction, a silver model of the High Court with a silver key was presented to the Nizam VII Mir Osman Ali Khan by the Judiciary during the Silver Jubilee Celebrations in 1936. The facsimile of the buildings was perfectly carved in a thick sheet of silver weighing about 300 kg. The model is now in the Nizam's Museum in Purani Haveli.

The main building of the High Court was constructed in the year 1919 by the then Nizam's Government accommodating six judges besides accommodation for the office staff, record rooms, and Advocates' Hall.[8]

After the formation of Andhra Pradesh

When the High Court of Andhra Pradesh was formed in 1956 as a consequence of States Reorganisation Act, the number of judges was increased to 12. The existing accommodation was inadequate to meet the requirements of the larger High Court and so the additional building was constructed in 1958–59. The entire office rooms, record rooms, chambers of advocates (42 in all) and the rooms for law officers were located in this building. The record rooms, Officer rooms in the main building were modified to provide chambers and Court Hall accommodation for 14 Judges.

Construction of Annexe

By 1970, the institution of cases of the High Court has gone up to 35,000 as against 20,000 in 1958. The number of judges increased from 14 to 32. To provide additional accommodation for Judges, Staff and Advocates and Law Officers, the third building was proposed and the work was completed in 1976. The Law Officers strength was increased from 8 to 18 by 1980 and the institution of cases had gone up to 55,593 cases. In 1979 a plan was drawn for the four-storey Annexe building and due to lack of funds that could not be taken up. There are currently 32 Court Halls and 38 Chambers located in the High Court main building and Annexe buildings. The present building for which the foundation stone is being laid by the Honourable Chief Justice will have eight Court Halls and eight Chamber for the Judges. Some of the Court Halls located in the Verandahs and in the office rooms will be restored to their original position. The institution of cases had risen from 20,078 from 1958 to 1982, 123 including miscellaneous cases in 1985. Now the pendency of cases in the High Court as on 24 July 1987 are 84,855 (i.e., 66,276 main cases + 18,579 miscellaneous cases). The Government of India is contemplating to raise the strength of the Judges of this High Court to 36 and in such case, more funds have to be released for the construction of Annexe buildings. After the completion of this building, the main building and Annexes buildings can locate 32 Court Halls and 38 Chambers.

2009 Major fire

On 31 August 2009 a major accidental fire broke out through the building reportedly causing severe damage to the library housing rare England law reports, Privy Council journals and a life-size portrait of the Nizam and portraits of judges. However, the records of the court are reportedly safe. The structural integrity of the building also may have been compromised.[9][10]

The Judges

The Telangana High Court sits at Hyderabad and has jurisdiction over the state of Telangana. It may have a maximum of 42 Judges of which 32 may be permanently appointed and 10 may be additionally appointed. Currently, it has 30 judges.[11]

Permanent judges

# Judge Date of joining Date of retirement
1 Alok Aradhe (CJ) 29 December 2009 12 April 2026
2 Puthichira Sam Koshy 16 September 2013 29 April 2029
3 Abhinand Kumar Shavili 21 September 2017 7 October 2025
4 Tadakamalla Vinod Kumar 26 August 2019 16 November 2026
5 Kunuru Lakshman 26 August 2019 7 June 2028
6 Bollampally Vijaysen Reddy 2 May 2020 21 August 2032
7 Perugu Sree Sudha 15 October 2021 5 June 2029
8 Chillakur Sumalatha 15 October 2021 4 December 2034
9 Gurijala Radha Rani 15 October 2021 28 June 2025
10 Munnuri Laxman 15 October 2021 23 December 2027
11 Noonsavath Tukaramji 15 October 2021 23 January 2035
12 Patlolla Madhavi Devi 15 October 2021 27 December 2027
13 Kasoju Surendhar 24 March 2022 10 January 2030
14 Surepalli Nanda 24 March 2022 3 April 2031
15 Mummineni Sudheer Kumar 24 March 2022 19 May 2031
16 Juvvadi Sridevi 24 March 2022 9 August 2034
17 Natcharaju Shravan Kumar Venkat 24 March 2022 17 August 2029
18 Gunnu Anupama Chakravarthy 24 March 2022 20 March 2032
19 Maturi Girija Priyadarsini 24 March 2022 29 August 2026
20 Sambasivarao Naidu 24 March 2022 31 July 2024
21 Chada Vijaya Bhaskar Reddy 4 August 2022 27 June 2030
22 E. V. Venugopal 16 August 2022 15 August 2029
23 Nagesh Bheemapaka 16 August 2022 7 March 2031
24 P. Elamadar 16 August 2022 3 June 2029
25 K. Sharath 16 August 2022 28 January 2033
26 Moushumi Bhattacharya[12]
27 Sujoy Paul[12]

Additional judges

# Judge Date of joining
1 J. Srinivas Rao 16 August 2022
2 Namavarapu Rajeshwar Rao 16 August 2022
3 Laxminarayana Alishetty 31 July 2023[13]
4 Anil Kumar Jukanti 31 July 2023[13]
5 Sujana Kalasikam 31 July 2023[14]

Chief Justices

S.No. Chief Justice Tenure
Hyderabad State High Court
1 Muhammad Muslehuddin[15]
2 Nizamat Jung[16] 1916–1918
S.No. Chief Justice Tenure
Hyderabad State High Court
R. S. Naik
S.No. Chief Justice Tenure
United Andhra Pradesh High Court
1 Koka Subba Rao 1956–1958
2 P. Chandra Reddy 1958–1964
3 P. Satyanarayana Raju 1964–1965
4 Manohar Pershad 1965–1966
5 N.D. Krishna Rao 1966–1966
6 P. Jagan Mohan Reddy 1966–1969
7 N. Kumarayya 1969–1971
8 K.V.L. Narasimham 1971–1972
9 Gopal Rao Ekbote 1972–1974
10 S. Obul Reddi 1974–1976 & 1977–1978
11 B. J. Divan 1976–1977
12 Avula Sambasiva Rao 1978–1979
13 Challa Kondaiah 1979–1980
14 Alladi Kuppu Swami 1980–1982
15 Konda Madhava Reddy 1982–1984
16 Koka Ramachandra Rao 1984–1984
17 P. Chennakesav Reddi 1985–1985
18 K. Bhaskaran 1985–1988
19 Yogeshwar Dayal 1988–1991
20 S.C. Pratap 1991–1992
21 S.B. Majumdar 1992–1993
22 Sundaram Nainar Sundaram 1993–1994
23 Saiyed Sagir Ahmed 1994–1995
24 Prabha Shankar Mishra 1995–1997
25 Umesh Chandra Banerjee 1998
26 Manmohan Singh Liberhan 1998–2000
27 S. B. Sinha 2000–2001
28 Dr A.R. Lakshmanan 2001–2002
29 Devinder Gupta 2003–2005
30 G.S. Singhvi 2005–2007
31 Anil Ramesh Dave 2007–2010
32 Nisar Ahmad Kakru 2010–2011
33 Madan Lokur 2011–2012
34 Pinaki Chandra Ghose 2012–2013
35 Kalyan Jyoti Sengupta 2013 – 1 June 2014
S.No. Chief Justice Tenure
High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad
1 Kalyan Jyoti Sengupta 2 June 2014 – 2015
2 Dilip Babasaheb Bhosale 2015
3 T.B. Radhakrishnan July 7, 2018 – December 31, 2018
S.No. Chief Justice Tenure
Telangana High Court
1 T.B. Radhakrishnan January 1, 2019 – April 2, 2019
2 Raghvendra Singh Chauhan June 22, 2019 – January 6, 2021
3 Hima Kohli January 7, 2021 – August 30, 2021
4 Satish Chandra Sharma October 11, 2021 – June 27, 2022
5 Ujjal Bhuyan June 28, 2022 – July 13, 2023
6 Alok Aradhe July 23, 2023 – Incumbent

Present Registrars of High Court

  1. Registrar General – E. Tirumala Devi
  2. Registrar (Judicial I) – Sri Sura Srinivas Reddy
  3. Registrar (Judicial II)-K Gangadhara rao
  4. Registrar (Administration) – V. Bala Bhaskar Rao
  5. Registrar (I.T.)-cum-Central Project Coordinator (IT & E-Committee related) – T Venkateswara Rao
  6. Registrar (Vigilance) – E. Tirumala Devi
  7. Registrar (Management)-V Ramesh
  8. Registrar (Protocol)-T Venkateswara Rao
  9. District Judge (Enquiries)
  10. Registrar (Recruitment) – Sri Sura Srinivas Reddy

Present Unit Heads

  1. Adilabad – M. R. Sunitha
  2. Karimnagar – B. Prathima
  3. Khammam – P Chandrashekara Prasad
  4. Mahabubnagar -S Premavathi
  5. Medak – B Papi Reddy
  6. Nalgonda – S Jagjeevan Kumar
  7. Nizamabad -Kunchala Suneetha
  8. Rangareddy – R Tirupathi
  9. Warangal – Nandikonda Narsing Rao
  10. Hyderabad-City Civil Court – Renuka Yara
  11. Hyderabad-City Small Causes Court -V B Nirmala Geethamba
  12. Hyderabad-Metropolitan Sessions Court – E Tirumala Devi
  13. Hyderabad – Principal CBI – Ch. Ramesh Babu

See also

References

  1. ^ "TSHC - High Court for the State of Telangana - History | Official Website of e-Committee, Supreme Court of India | India". Retrieved 18 July 2023.
  2. ^ "About Us". tshc.gov.in. Retrieved 18 July 2023.
  3. ^ Today, Telangana (22 July 2022). "'27 Judges working in Telangana HC against sanctioned strength of 42'". Telangana Today. Retrieved 18 July 2023.
  4. ^ "Chief Justice Alok Aradhe tells Telangana to have State Litigation Policy". The Hindu. 27 July 2023.
  5. ^ "Justice Alok Aradhe is the New Chief Justice of Telangana High Court". Bru Times News.
  6. ^ "Andhra Pradesh and Telangana to have separate HCs". The Hindu. 26 December 2018. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 18 July 2023.
  7. ^ "As Hyderabad High Court turns 100, city historians recall rich legacy". The News Minute. 20 April 2019. Retrieved 18 July 2023.
  8. ^ "About Us".
  9. ^ "HC up in flames". Deccan Chronicle. Archived from the original on 3 September 2009.
  10. ^ "India News: Today's latest updates and breaking news from India, Live India News".
  11. ^ "HON'BLE JUDGES PROFILE". hc.tap.nic.in. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Centre notifies transfer of two judges to Telangana HC". 18 March 2024. Archived from the original on 19 March 2024. Retrieved 19 March 2024.
  13. ^ a b The Hindu (31 July 2023). "Three additional judges sworn in". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 1 August 2023. Retrieved 1 August 2023.
  14. ^ Deccan Chronicle (29 July 2023). "Three new Additional Judges to TSHC". Archived from the original on 1 August 2023. Retrieved 1 August 2023.
  15. ^ Rao, C. Hayavadana, "Hakim-ud-Daula", The Indian Biographical Dictionary (1915), retrieved 28 September 2019
  16. ^ Iyer, N. V (1947). Sir Nizamat Jung; a short study. Place of publication not identified: Nizam Silver Jubilee Press. OCLC 28357691.