National parks in India are International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) category II protected areas. India's first national park was established in 1936, now known as Jim Corbett National Park, in Uttarakhand. In 1970, India had only five national parks. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger in 1973 to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species and currently there are 106 national parks in India. Further legislation strengthening protection for wildlife was introduced in the 1980s.

There are 106 existing national parks in India covering an area of 44,402.95 km2 which is 1.35% of the geographical area of the country (https://wii.gov.in/nwdc_national_parks, Nov. 2023). In addition to the above, 75 other National Parks covering an area of 16,608 km2 (6,412 sq mi) are proposed in the Protected Area Network Report.  The network of parks will go up 176 after full implementation of the above report.

Hemis National Park is largest national park with an area 4,400 km2.

Definition

According to the Indian Ministry of Environment & Forests, a national park is an area, whether within a sanctuary or not, [that] can be notified by the state government to be constituted as a National Park, by reason of its ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological association or importance, needed to for the purpose of protecting & propagating or developing wildlife there in or its environment. No human activity is permitted inside the national park except for the ones permitted by the Chief Wildlife Warden of the state under the conditions given in CHAPTER IV, WPA 1972".[1]

Overview

Map

Map
National parks in India

State-wise List of National Parks

Source : [2]

State & UT State Area (km2) No. of NP Area (km2) % of State Area
1.  Andhra Pradesh 160229 3 1368.87 0.85
2.  Arunachal Pradesh 83743 2 2,290.82 2.74
3.  Assam 78438 7 2,664.58 3.40
4.  Bihar 94163 1 335.65 0.36
5.  Chhattisgarh 135191 3 2,899.08 2.14
6.  Goa 3702 1 107.00 2.89
7.  Gujarat 196022 4 480.12 0.24
8.  Haryana 44212 2 48.25 0.11
9.  Himachal Pradesh 55673 5 2,256.28 4.05
11. Jharkhand 79714 1 226.33 0.28
12. Karnataka 191791 5 2,794.05 1.46
13. Kerala 38863 6 558.16 1.44
14. Madhya Pradesh 308245 11 4349.14 1.41
15. Maharashtra 307713 6 1,273.60 0.41
16. Manipur 22327 2 140.00 0.63
17. Meghalaya 22429 2 267.48 1.19
18. Mizoram 21081 2 150.00 0.71
19. Nagaland 16579 1 202.02 1.22
20. Odisha 155707 2 990.70 0.64
21. Punjab 50362 0 0.00 0.00
22. Rajasthan 342239 5 3,947.07 1.15
23. Sikkim 7096 1 1,784.00 25.14
24. Tamil Nadu 130058 5 827.51 0.64
25. Telangana 114840 3 19.62 0.02
25. Tripura 10486 2 36.71 0.35
26. Uttar Pradesh 240928 1 490.00 0.20
27. Uttarakhand 53483 6 4,915.02 9.19
28. West Bengal 88752 6 1,981.48 2.23
29. Andaman & Nicobar 8249 6 1,216.95 14.75
30. Chandigarh 114 0 0.00 0.00
31. Dadra & Nagar Haveli 491 0 0.00 0.00
32. Daman & Diu 112 0 0.00 0.00
33. Delhi 1483 0 0.00 0.00
34. Jammu & Kashmir 163090 4 2432.45 1.49
36. Ladakh 59146 1 3350.00 5.66
37. Lakshadweep 32 0 0.00 0.00
38. Puducherry 480 0 0.00 0.00
TOTAL 32,87,263 106 44,402.95 1.35

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Image Name Location Formed Notable Features Flora and Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Nicobar treeshrew - endangered species found only on the Great Nicobar Island

Airport located near Campbell Bay
Campbell Bay National Park Great Nicobar Island 1992 Part of Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve Crab-eating macaque, Nicobar treeshrew
Nicobar Pigeon- threatened species found only on Nicobar Islands
Galathea National Park 1992 Giant robber crab, Nicobar pigeon, Megapode Galathea River
Joly Buoy Island part of the national park
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park Wandoor 1983
Middle Button Island National Park Middle Button Island 1979 Water Lizard, Monitor lizard, Blue Whale
View of Wimberlyganj from Mount Manipur
Mount Harriet National Park Mount Manipur 1987 Important bird area as attributed by BirdLife International

The park is also a butterfly hotspot.

Andaman wild pigs , saltwater crocodiles, turtles, robber crabs.
North Button Island National Park North Button Island 1979 Dugong, Dolphin
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park Ritchie's Archipelago 1996
Saddle Peak from Kalipur beach
Saddle Peak National Park Saddle Peak 1987 Kalpong Dam Reservoir
South Button Island National Park South Button Island 1987 Smallest National Park in India

Andhra Pradesh

Image Name Location Formed Notable Features Flora and Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
National Park seen from Godavari river
Papikonda National Park Near Rajamahendravaram 2008 Important bird and biodiversity area by BirdLife International Royal Bengal Tiger, Leopards, rusty-spotted cat, King cobra

.[3]

Godavari river
Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Rameswaram) Near Rameswaram 2005 Penna River
National Park along with Eastern Ghats
Sri Venkateswara National Park Near Tirumala,Seshachalam Hills and Tirumala Hills 1989 Yellow-throated bulbul, White-rumped vulture

Arunachal Pradesh

Image Name Location Formed Area Notable Features Flora and Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Mouling National Park Siang Valley 1986 483 Km2 Forms the western part of Dihang-Dibang biosphere reserve takin, goral, Indian leopard, Bengal tiger, barking deer, serow and red panda Siyom River
Scenery of snow-covered mountains from the park
Red panda often seen in the park
Namdapha National Park Near Miao 1983 1985 km2 part of Mizoram–Manipur–Kachin rain forests Sapria himalayana, Namdapha flying squirrel, red panda, dhole, Malayan sun bear, Indian wolf, Asiatic black bear, gaur, stump-tailed macaque, Assamese macaque, rhesus macaque. Noa Dihing River

Assam

Image Name Location Formed Notable Features Flora and Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Swamp Forest
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park Near Tinsukia 1999 Lergest Swamp Forest in North-east India Feral horse, Wild water buffalo, Ganges river dolphin etc. Brahmaputra River, Lohit River, Dibru River
Dehing Patkai National Park Near Digboi, Margherita 2021 Declared as reserve under Project Elephant and largest lowland forest in India White-winged duck, Slow loris Dihing river
River passing through the park
Raimona National Park Near Gossaigaon 2021 Part of Eastern Himalayan Foothills Gee's golden langur Sankosh River
Indian rhinoceros

Royal Bengal Tiger
Kaziranga National Park Near Kaliabor 1974 Declared as

UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 Largest population of Indian Rhinoceros, wild water buffalo and Eastern Swamp Deer|| Indian rhinoceros , Royal Bengal Tiger, Wild water buffalo, Asian elephant, Eastern Swamp Deer

Brahmaputra River, Mora Dhiplu, Dhiplu, Mora Dhansiri
View of eastern Himalayan foothills from the park

Herd of Elephants in the park
Manas National Park Near Barpeta Road 1990 Declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 contiguous with Royal Manas National Park, Bhutan

Also a biosphere reserve and Elephant reserve

Indian Elephants, Wild water Buffalo, Capped langur, Rare species such as,Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur and pygmy hog Manas River, Beki River
Landscape of the National Park

Dendrobium Orchid bloomed in the park
Nameri National Park NearBhalukpong 1998 Dendrobium Orchid, Bengal Tiger, Clouded Leopard, Asian fairy-bluebird Kameng River, Other tributaries Nameri, Dinai, Diji etc.
Orang National Park North bank of the Brahmaputra river 1999 The Great Indian rhinoceros (VU), pygmy hog (EN), Asian elephant, wild water buffalo (EN), Bengal tiger, hog deer, Gangetic dolphin (EN), Indian pangolin (EN) Named Rajiv Gandhi National Park in 1992, but rolled back because of public opposition The river Dhanshiri flows along the western edge of the park

Bihar

Image Location Formed Name Notable Features Flora and Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Himalayan Foothills from the park
hydro power project in the park
Near Valmiki Nagar, Bagaha 1978 Valmiki National Park Home of Tharu people in India Bengal tiger, Indian gaur, Indian rhinoceros, Asian black bear , Indian elephant, Indian leopard Gandaki River, Sonha and Pachnad rivers, Burhi Gandak River, Pandai River etc.

Chhattisgarh

Image Name Location Formed Notable Features Flora and Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Guru Ghasidas National Park Near Sidhi, Manendragarh, Chirimiri 1981 Largest national park of Chhattisgarh
Indravati River
Indravati National Park Near Dantewada 1982 Wild Asian buffalo, tiger reserve, hill mynas Indravati River
Kanger Ghati National Park entrance
Tirathgarh Waterfall
Kanger Ghati National Park Near Jagdalpur 1982 Indoreonectes evezardi

Goa

Image Name Location Formed Notable Features Flora and Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Dudhsagar Falls in Mollem National Park
Mollem National Park Near Molem 1978 Famous Dudhsagar Falls located inside also a Mahadev Temple of Kadamba architecture is also located inside

Gujarat

Main article: List of protected areas of Gujarat

Image Name Location Formed Notable Features Flora and Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Blackbuck herd crossing trails
Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar Near Bhavnagar, Vallabhipur, Dholera, Dhandhuka 1976 A grassland ecosystem for conservation of Blackbuck , Lesser florican

Successful conservation programs for the blackbuck, wolf and lesser florican, bustard

Blackbucks, Indian grey wolf, striped hyena, Bengal fox, golden jackal, jungle cat and many other small mammals
Family of Asiatic Lion in the park
Gir Forest National Park Near Sasangir, Tulsishyam, Talala, Gir Gadhada 1965 Only habitat of Asiatic Lion Asiatic lion, Indian Leopard, Stripped Hyna, Golden Jackle Hiran, Machhundri, Raval and Shingoda Rivers
Marine National Park during low tide
Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch Near Dwarka, Bet Dwarka, Okha 1982 There are 42 island and park is situated on coral reefs Corals, sponges, jellyfish, endangered sea turtles such as green sea turtles, olive ridleys and leatherbacks, dugongs, Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins, blue whales
Vansda National Park Campsite
Vansda National Park Near vansda city 1979 Leopard, Dhole, Rhesus Macaque, Common Palm Civet, Hanuman Langur, Small Indian Civet, Four-Horned Antelope, Wild Boar, Indian Porcupine, Barking Deer, Striped Hyena, Jungle Cat, Flying Squirrel, Pangolin and Indian Giant Squirrel. There are 443 species of flowering plants. This includes teak, sadad, khakhro, kadad, humb, timru, kalam, bamboo, dudhkod, mahudo, behada, umaro, kusum, tanach, asan, shimlo, ambla, sisam, chopadi bondaro, etc. There is a variety of colourful orchids at Ambika river

Haryana

Image Name Location Formed Notable Features Flora and Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Kalesar National Park jungle
Kalesar National Park Near Bilaspur(Yamunanagar district), Paonta Sahib 2003 Located in Sivalik Hills Yamuna River
Lake inside National Park
Group of Spoonbills at the park
Sultanpur National Park Near Gurugram 1991 Declared as Ramsar Wetland in 2021

Himachal Pradesh

Image Name Location Formed Notable Features Flora and Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Great Himalayan National Park
Valley and snow-covered mountain
Bharal
Great Himalayan National Park Near Kullu 1984 Declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2014

popular trekking and ecotourism destination

Bharal, snow leopard, Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan tahr, Musk deer Sainj River, Parvati River, Beas River, Tirthan River, Jiwa Nal River
Inderkilla National Park Near Manali 2010 Beas River
Alpine forest
Kheerganga Trek
Parvati River flowing from the Alpine Forest
Khirganga National Park Near Kasol 2010 Popular destination for Hiking, Canyoning Parvati River
Pin Valley, Spiti
Pin Valley National Park Near Karzey 1987 Cold Desert area Cedrus deodara, Himalayan snowcock, Chough Pin River
Simbalbara National Park Near Paonta Sahib 2010 Goral, Sambar deer, Chital

Jammu and Kashmir

Image Name Location Formed Notable Features Flora and Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Group of Hangul grazing in Dachigam
River crossing
Dachigam National Park Near Srinagar 1981 Only area where Hangul is found[4] Hangul, Thar, Leopard cat, Musk deer, Snow Leopard, Himalayan black bear, Himalayan brown bear, Otter Sarband Reservoir
Mountainous Landscape of the National Park
Kishtwar National Park Near Kishtwar 1981 Himalayan snowcock, Brown bear Marusudar River, Chenab River
Kazinag National Park Near Baramulla 1992 Located on Line of Control Markhor, Himalayan musk deer, Golden eagle, Snow pigeon Jhelum River
Forest Rangers House inside the Park
Salim Ali National Park Near Srinagar 1986 Turned into the Royal Springs Golf Course Hangul, Brown bear, Indian paradise flycatcher Dal lake

National Parks not under the administration of the Government of India

S.No National park Established Area District(s) De facto administration Coordinates
9 Deva Vatala 2009[5] 2,993 ha (7,396 acres)[6] Bhimber Azad Kashmir 32°53′33″N 74°18′11″E / 32.892583°N 74.303172°E / 32.892583; 74.303172 (Deva Vatala National Park)
10 Gumot 2004[7] 27,271 ha (67,388 acres)[6] Neelum Azad Kashmir 35°00′25″N 74°12′01″E / 35.006943°N 74.200287°E / 35.006943; 74.200287 (Gumot National Park)
11 Musk Deer National Park 2009[8] 52,815 ha (130,509 acres)[6] Neelum Azad Kashmir 34°43′53″N 74°47′12″E / 34.731456°N 74.786682°E / 34.731456; 74.786682 (Gurez National Park)
20 Machiara 1996[9] 13,532 ha (33,438 acres)[6] Muzaffarabad Azad Kashmir 34°30′24″N 73°33′55″E / 34.506557°N 73.565140°E / 34.506557; 73.565140 (Machiara National Park)
24 Pir Lasura 2005[9] 5,625 ha (13,900 acres)[10] Kotli Azad Kashmir 33°38′21″N 73°50′48″E / 33.639204°N 73.846664°E / 33.639204; 73.846664 (Pir Lasura National Park)
25 Poonch River Mahaseer 2010[11] 4,500 ha (11,120 acres)[11] Kotli, Mirpur and
Poonch
Azad Kashmir 33°33′19″N 73°54′58″E / 33.555272°N 73.91599°E / 33.555272; 73.91599 (Poonch River Mahaseer National Park)
29 Toli Pir 2005[9] 5,045 ha (12,466 acres)[10] Poonch Azad Kashmir 34°07′15″N 73°37′59″E / 34.12090°N 73.633118°E / 34.12090; 73.633118 (Toli Pir National Park)
30 Panjal Mastan National Park 2005[9] 5,045 ha (12,466 acres)[10] Bagh District Azad Kashmir 34°03′27″N 73°44′17″E / 34.0574°N 73.7381°E / 34.0574; 73.7381 (Panjal Mastan National Park)

Jharkhand

Image Name Location Formed Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
National Park entrance
Betla National Park Near Medininagar 1974 Tiger, Indian bison, elephant, hyenas, monkey, leopard North Koel River

Karnataka

Name Notable Features Formed Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Anshi National Park Part of Kali Tiger Reserve Great hornbill, tiger, leopard, black panther, bear, elephant. Kali River (Karnataka)
Bandipur National Park Dry deciduous forest is dominant. Also include moist deciduous forests and shrublands.

It is part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Invasive Alien Species - Lantana bush, Parthenium

Chital, Bengal tiger, gray langurs, Indian giant squirrel, gaur, leopard, sambar deer, Indian elephants, honey buzzard, red-headed vulture Kabini River, Moyar River
Bannerghatta National Park The park is part of a wildlife corridor for elephants which connects the BR Hills and the Sathyamangalam forest.

Moist deciduous forest valleys and scrubland on higher areas

Tiger, sloth bear, peacock, elephant, sambar deer, mouse deer, Leopard, Baboons, Reptiles, Asiatic Elephants, Lion, Birds, Butterflies, Nilgai, Wilddogs, Jackals, Wolves, Hyenas, Giraffe.Etc.

Kudremukh National Park The Tunga River and Bhadra River flow freely through the parklands
Nagarhole National Park Kabini reservoir separates Nagarhole from Bandipur National Park Carnivores - Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, dhole, sloth bear and the striped hyena.

Herbivores - chital, sambar deer, barking deer, four-horned antelope , gaur, wild boar, and Indian elephant.

Other mammals - gray langur, bonnet macaque, jungle cat, leopard cat, slender loris, small Indian civet and Asian palm civet , Indian brown mongoose and stripe-necked mongoose, European otter, Indian giant flying squirrel, Indian giant squirrel, porcupine, golden jackal, chevrotain, hare and Indian pangolin

Kerala

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Anamudi Shola National Park[1] The park is administered by Munnar Wildlife Division, together with the nearby Mathikettan Shola National Park, Eravikulam National Park, Pampadum Shola National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary and the Kurinjimala Sanctuary, with Anamudi Shola providing connectivity between all these protected areas. Elephant, Tiger, Nilgiri tahr, Gaur, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Grizzled Giant Squirrel, Hanuman Langur, Sloth Bear, Flying Squirrels Pambar River
Eravikulam National Park[12] The land of “Neelakurinji”, the flower that blooms once in twelve years

Anamudi, the highest peak of western ghats, is located here Vegetation - Rolling grasslands, with shola forests in upper parts

Nilgiri tahr, Neelakurinji

lion-tailed macaques, gaur, Indian muntjac and sambar deer

Pambar River (Kerala)
Mathikettan Shola National Park The park is located between other reserve forests like Eravikulam National Park and Pampadam Shola National Park Elephants
Pambadum Shola National Park Forms part of Munnar Wildlife Division, together with the nearby Mathikettan Shola National Park, Eravikulam National Park, Anamudi Shola National Park, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary and the Kurinjimala Sanctuary

It is a part of Palani hills

Keystone species - Nilgiri Marten

Nilgiri marten, Nilgiri wood pigeon, Nilgiri langur, Nilgiri flycatcher, Blue rock-thrush
Periyar National Park An elephant reserve and a tiger reserve

Located high in the Cardamom Hills and Pandalam Hills of the south Western Ghats

The sanctuary surrounds Periyar Lake, a reservoir that formed when the Mullaperiyar Dam was erected in 1895.

The park is made up of tropical evergreen and moist deciduous forests, grasslands and stands of eucalyptus

Malabar parakeet, Malabar grey hornbill, Nilgiri laughing thrush, Nilgiri blue robin, great hornbill, Malabar pied hornbill, lion-tailed macaque, hairy-winged bat Periyar river, Pambar River (Kerala)
Silent Valley National Park[13] Located in Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

Home to the largest population of lion-tailed macaques Famous for "Save Silent Valley" movement

Indian bison, Travancore flying squirrel, Salim Ali's fruit bat, Stripe-necked mongoose, Blue-winged parakeet, Crimson-backed sunbird Kunthipuzha River

Ladakh

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Hemis National Park Largest National park in India

National Parks not under the administration of the Government of India

S.No National park Established Area District(s) De facto administration Coordinates
1 Himalaya National Park 2020[14] 198,900 ha (491,493 acres)[15] Astore District Gilgit Baltistan 35°21′01″N 74°51′32″E / 35.350277777778°N 74.858888888889°E / 35.350277777778; 74.858888888889 (Himalaya National park)
2 Hundrap-Shandur National Park 2012[9] 3,312 ha (8,184 acres)[15] Gupis-Yasin Gilgit Baltistan 33°51′55″N 73°08′20″E / 33.865231°N 73.138768°E / 33.865231; 73.138768 (Shandure-Phander National Park)
3 Nanga Parbat National Park 2020[14] 1,611 ha (3,981 acres)[15] Astore District Gilgit Baltistan 35°21′01″N 74°51′32″E / 35.350277777778°N 74.858888888889°E / 35.350277777778; 74.858888888889 (Nanga National park)
5 Central Karakoram 1993[9] 1,390,100 ha (3,435,012 acres)[10] Hunza-Nagar and Shigar Gilgit Baltistan 36°53′52″N 75°05′37″E / 36.897708°N 75.093545°E / 36.897708; 75.093545 (Central Karakoram National Park)
8 Deosai 1993[9] 358,400 ha (885,626 acres)[10] Skardu Gilgit Baltistan 34°58′21″N 75°23′47″E / 34.972626°N 75.396423°E / 34.972626; 75.396423 (Deosai National Park)
14 K2
233,468 ha (576,912 acres)[16] Gilgit, Skardu Gilgit Baltistan 35°47′17″N 76°10′58″E / 35.788171°N 76.182888°E / 35.788171; 76.182888 (K2 National Park)
16 Khunjerab 1975[9] 226,913 ha (560,714 acres)[10] Hunza Gilgit Baltistan 36°30′03″N 75°38′37″E / 36.500805°N 75.643616°E / 36.500805; 75.643616 (Khunjerab National Park)
26 Qurumber 2011[11] 74,000 ha (182,858 acres)[11] Ghizer Gilgit-Baltistan 36°51′47″N 73°46′52″E / 36.863141°N 73.781038°E / 36.863141; 73.781038 (Qurumber National Park)
31 Fairy Meadows National Park 1995[17] 10,000 ha (24,711 acres)[10] Diamer District Gilgit-Baltistan 35°21′01″N 74°51′32″E / 35.350277777778°N 74.858888888889°E / 35.350277777778; 74.858888888889 (Fairy Meadows National Park)

Madhya Pradesh

Name Location Notable Features Formed Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Bandhavgarh National Park District Umaria Very high tiger density, so the saying

Gaurs reintroduced from Kanha National Park

1968 Bengal tiger, striped hyena, caracal, gaur, sambar deer, nilgai, barking deer, chital,
Dinosaur Fossil National Park 2011
Ghughua Fossil National Park Dindori district 1983
Kanha National Park Mandla district

Balaghat district

largest of the state of Madhya Pradesh with area 941.793 km2. 1955 Barasingha or swamp deer Halo and Banjar rivers
Kuno National Park Sheopur & Morena Districts Area 748.761 km2. 2018 Asiatic Lion Reintroduction Project, India's first cheetah sanctuary Kuno River
Madhav National Park Shivpuri District 1959
Panna National Park Panna District 1981
Pench National Park[18] 1975 Rudyard Kipling's 'Jungle Book' was set in this NP.
Sanjay National Park[19] 1981
Satpura National Park Narmadapuram District 1981 -
Van Vihar National Park Bhopal district 1979

Maharashtra

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Chandoli National Park 2004
Gugamal National Park
Navegaon National Park
Sanjay Gandhi National Park , Indian Leopard, Rhesus Macaque, Bonnet Macaque, Spotted Deer, Hanuman Langur, Indian Flying Fox, Indian Hare, Barking Deer, Porcupine, Asian Palm Civet, Mouse Deer
Tadoba Andhari National Park

Manipur

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Keibul Lamjao National Park Only floating national park in the world Sangai Deer, Wild Boar, Musk Shrew etc. Loktak Lake
Shirui National Park Famous for Shirui Lily; Tropical Forests all over except at hilltops where there are temperate forests Tragopan, Tiger and Leopard A number of rivers originate here

Meghalaya

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Balphakram National Park Balphakram means 'land of the eternal wind' according to the myth of the Garos. Wild water buffalo, red panda, elephant and eight cat species, including the tiger and marbled cat
Nokrek National Park UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve

Mizoram

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Murlen National Park
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park Chhimtuipui River

Nagaland

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Intanki National Park

Odisha

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Bhitarkanika National Park A ramsar site Mangroves, saltwater crocodile, white crocodile, Indian python, black ibis, wild pigs, rhesus monkeys, olive ridley sea turtle, chital Brahmani River, Baitarani River, Dhamra River, Pathsala
Simlipal National Park Tiger, leopard, Asian elephant, sambar, barking deer, gaur, jungle cat, wild boar

Rajasthan

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Desert National Park
Keoladeo National Park UNESCO World Heritage Site
Mukundara Hills National Park National Chambal Sanctuary is part of the national park
Ranthambore National Park Tiger Reserve.
Sariska Tiger Reserve

Sikkim

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Khangchendzonga National Park UNESCO World Heritage Site. Houses the third highest peak on the planet, Mt. Kangchenjunga (Mt. Everest is first, Mt. K2 is second). The Zemu glacier, one of the largest in Asia, is located within the park. musk deer, snow leopard, Himalayan tahr, dhole, sloth bear, viverrids, Himalayan black bear, red panda, Tibetan wild ass, Himalayan blue sheep, serow, goral and takin Teesta (to the east)

Tamil Nadu

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Indira Gandhi Sanctuary and National Park Tigers, leopards, elephants, wildboars, deers, dhole. http://relivearth.com/endangered-species/kashmir-stag-hangul/
Guindy National Park Has more than 2000 chitals, 493 blackbucks and 84 jackals.
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park has 8 species of whales and 21 small coral islands
Mudumalai National Park Part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Second oldest National Park in India. Largest National Park in Tamil Nadu. Bengal tiger, indian leopard, dhole, golden jackal, sloth bear, Indian elephants, gray langur, Lion tailed macaque, bonnet macaque, gaur, sambar deer, chital deer, Indian muntjac, Indian spotted chevrotain, wild boar

Rodents include the Indian giant squirrel and the red giant flying squirrel

Moyar River
Mukurthi National Park Part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and is also UNESCO World Heritage Site.The park was created to protect its keystone species, the Nilgiri tahr

characterized by montane grasslands and shrublands interspersed with sholas

Nilgiri tahr

Telangana

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park
Mrugavani National Park

Tripura

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Bison (Rajbari) National Park
Clouded Leopard National Park

Uttar Pradesh

Image Name Location Formed Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
group Barasingha in the park
Swamps of the park
A trail through dense forest
Dudhwa National Park Near Palia Kalan, Gola Gokarannath 1977 Park is home of world's half population of Barasingha

Also a tiger sanctuary under Project Tiger

Barasingha, Bengal tiger Sharda River

Uttarakhand

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Gangotri National Park Gaumukh Glacier Ganga
Govind Pashu Vihar National Park
Jim Corbett National Park First national park in India (established in 1936 as Hailey National Park).

Report titled ‘Status of Tigers Co-predators and Prey in India’, released by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change for 2018-19 revealed that national park has 14 tigers per 100 square kilometers which is highest in India.

Ramganga
Nanda Devi National Park UNESCO World Heritage Site, UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve
Rajaji National Park Mainly known for elephants, tigers, leopards and several species of birds, reptiles and mammals. Ganga river
Valley of Flowers National Park UNESCO World Heritage Site, Most beautiful national park in the world

West Bengal

Name Notable Features Fauna Rivers and lakes inside the national park
Buxa Tiger Reserve Northern boundary along international border with Bhutan and eastern boundary touches Assam

The fragile "Terai Eco-System" constitutes a part of this reserve Buxa, serves as an international corridor for Asian elephant migration between India and Bhutan Rajabhatkhawa Vulture Breeding Centre was established by Bombay Natural History Society to emulate the success of Jatayu Conservation Breeding Centre, Pinjore

Indian leopard, Bengal tiger, clouded leopard, giant squirrel, gaur, chital and wild boar

Eurasian griffon, Amur falcon Endangered species include leopard cat, Bengal florican, regal python, Chinese pangolin, hispid hare, hog deer lesser adjutant, white-rumped vulture, slender-billed vulture, chestnut-breasted partridge, rufous necked hornbill, ferruginous pochard and great hornbill

Gorumara National Park The park is rich in large herbivores including Indian rhinoceros, gaur, Asian elephant, sloth bear, chital, and sambar deer Jaldhaka, Naora
Jaldapara National Park Indian rhinoceros
Neora Valley National Park red panda (EN)
Singalila National Park
Sundarbans National Park UNESCO World Heritage Site

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "National Parks". wiienvis.nic.in. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  2. ^ https://wii.gov.in/nwdc_national_parks https://wiienvis.nic.in/Database/npa_8231.aspx
  3. ^ "2-ANDHRA PRADESH AND TELANGANA.pdf". Google Docs. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  4. ^ Kashmir Stag (Hangul)
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference cjpas_june_2010 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ a b c d Cite error: The named reference government_ajk was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference cbd_pakistan was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference guraiz_musk_deer was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Cite error: The named reference parc_gov_report was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Cite error: The named reference review_PAS was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ a b c d Cite error: The named reference pakwildlife was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  12. ^ "Eravikulam National Park".
  13. ^ "Silent Valley - Kerala Forest Dept".
  14. ^ a b "PM inaugurates two national parks in Gilgit-Baltistan". Pakistan Today. 2 December 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  15. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference wwf_panda was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  16. ^ Cite error: The named reference wdpa_K2 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  17. ^ Lawrence S. Hamilton (15 June 1995). "New Parks for Pakistan" (PDF). Mountain Protected Areas Update. International Union for Conservation of Nature. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 August 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  18. ^ The Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh parts of the Pench National Park are administered separately. Tigris called Collar Wali is found there which has given 29 cubs in total.
  19. ^ The Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh parts of the Sanjay National Park are administered separately.