Banas River
Banas River near Kota, Rajasthan
Interactive Map
Native nameबनास नदी (Hindi)
CitiesKumbhalgarh in Rajsamand district, Mewar, Chambal near the village of Rameshwar in Sawai Madhopur
Physical characteristics
SourceAravalli ranges
 • locationKumbhalgarh, Rajsamand district, Rajasthan, India
 • coordinates25°09′09″N 73°35′10″E / 25.15250°N 73.58611°E / 25.15250; 73.58611
MouthChambal-Banas sangam confluence
 • location
near the village of Rameshwar, Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan, India
 • coordinates
25°54′43″N 76°44′07″E / 25.9120°N 76.7353°E / 25.9120; 76.7353

The Banas is a river which lies entirely within the state of Rajasthan in western India. It is a tributary of the Chambal River, itself a tributary of the Yamuna, which in turn merges into the Ganga. The Banas is approximately 512 kilometres in length.[1]

The name "Banaas" literally translates as "forest-hope" (Ban-aas) meaning "Hope-of-the-forest" or 'Van Ki Aasha.' The river originates in the Veron ka Math situated in Khamnor Hills of the Aravalli Range, about 5 km from Kumbhalgarh in Rajsamand district. It flows northeast through the Mewar region of Rajasthan, then across Hadavati before meeting the Chambal near the village of Rameshwar in Sawai Madhopur District.[1]

The Banas drains a basin of 45,833 km2, and lies entirely within Rajasthan. It drains the east slope of the central portion of the Aravalli Range, and the basin includes all or part of Ajmer, Bhilwara, Bundi, Chittorgarh, Dausa, Jaipur, Pali, Rajsamand, Sawai Madhopur, Sirohi, Tonk, and Udaipur districts.[1] The cities of Nathdwara, Jahazpur, and Tonk lie on the river. Major tributaries include the right bank tributaries of Berach and Menali and the left bank tributaries of Kothari, Khari, Dai, Dheel River, Sohadara River, Morel and Kalisil. This river is known as the Virgin River because it merges into the desert instead of the sea.[2]

The Banas is a seasonal river that dries up during the summer, but it is nonetheless used for irrigation.[3] The Bisalpur-Jaipur project (a dam across the Banas at Deoli, about 40 km from Tonk) was completed by the Government of Rajasthan in 2009 and it provides drinking water from the Banas to Jaipur city.[4] Isarda Dam is an under construction dam on the Banas River.[5]


  1. ^ a b c "Rivers - Banas Basin". Department of Water Resources, Government of Rajasthan. Archived from the original on 25 March 2013. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
  2. ^ Jain, S. Sharad Kumar (2007). Hydrology and water resources of India. The Netherlands: Springer. pp. 352, 353. ISBN 9781402051807.
  3. ^ "Banas River". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  4. ^ "Banas river water flows into Jaipur". The Hindu. 4 March 2009. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
  5. ^ "Om Metals bags ₹615-cr Rajasthan dam project".