|Glossary of Hinduism terms|
Satyameva Jayate (Sanskrit: सत्यमेव जयते, lit. 'Truth alone triumphs', pronounced [sɐt̪jɐmeːʋɐ ˈd͡ʑɐjɐt̪eː]) is a part of a mantra from the Hindu scripture Mundaka Upanishad. Following the independence of India, it was adopted as the national motto of India on 26 January 1950, the day India became a republic. It is inscribed in the Devanagari script at the base of the Lion Capital of Ashoka and forms an integral part of the Indian national emblem. The emblem and the words "Satyameva Jayate" are inscribed on one side of all Indian currency and national documents.
The origin of the motto is the mantra 3.1.6 from the Mundaka Upanishad. The mantra is as follows:
सत्यमेव जयते नानृतं सत्येन पन्था विततो देवयानः ।
येनाक्रमन्त्यृषयो ह्याप्तकामाम्म् यत्र तत् सत्यस्य परमं निधानम्म् ॥
satyameva jayate nānṛtaṃ
satyena panthā vitato devayānaḥ
yatra tat satyasyaa paramaṃ nidhānaam
Popular connotations also include:
The slogan was popularized and brought into the national lexicon by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya in 1918 when serving his second of four terms as president of the Indian National Congress.
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