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Uttarakhand movement is termed to the events of statehood activism within the state Uttar Pradesh which ultimately resulted in a separate state Uttarakhand, India. Uttarakhand became a separate state of India on 9 November 2000. It is believed that the formation of Uttarakhand was achieved after a long struggle and many sacrifices. The first demand of a separate state, Uttarakhand arose in 1897. The demand gradually strengthened following a series of events. In 1994, the demand for a separate state eventually took the form of mass movement that resulted in the formation of India's 27th state by 2000.

Brief history

The important dates and events that played a key role in the struggle for the formation of the Uttarakhand state are:

Events of the movement

There were several violent incidents in Uttarakhand movement which are:

Khatima firing case

On 1 September 1994, police opened fire on activists that resulted in the death of seven activists.This resulted in anger and mass agitation of people and youth Students.Vijay Joshi from Tanakpur intensified till 1995 and led a mass rally from Kumaon hills, mujaffarnagar,kotdwar to Delhi.

Mussoorie firing case

On 2 September 1994, to protest against the police action in the Khatima firing, a silent march was taken out in Mussoorie. At Jhulaghar, the constabulary opened fire on unarmed protestors leading to the death of Belmati Chauhan, Hansa Dhanai, Balbir Singh, Rai Singh Bangari, Madan Mamgain and Dhanpat Singh and Circle Officer Uma Kant Tripathi. Apart from them, some eighteen people were treated for bullet injuries.

Rampur Tiraha (Muzaffarnagar) firing case

Main article: Rampur Tiraha firing case

The activists, part of the agitation for the separate state of Uttarakhand, were going to Delhi to stage a dharna, a sit-in protest at Raj Ghat on Gandhi Jayanti. The following day, when alleged unprovoked police firing during the night of 1 October led to the death of six activists, and some women were allegedly brutally raped and molested in the ensuing melee. Mulayam Singh Yadav was Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, when the incident occurred. Eight policemen, including three Inspectors were proven guilty and prosecuted in the resulting case.[4]

Dehradun firing case

The incident occurred on 3 October 1994 in Muzaffarnagar near Dehradun. The people were expected to be fierce. The situation following the funeral of Martyr Late Ravindra Rawat resulted in fierce battles between the police and protesters in entire Dehradun. The police who were already prepared to suppress the uprising in any eventuality, resorted to firing, which killed three people.

Late Rajesh Rawat's death was alleged to have been a result of firing from the house of then Samajwadi Party leader Suryakant Dhasmana.

Kotdwar case

3 October 1994 meeting was boiled in protest scandal Uttarakhand Muzaffarnagar police administration was ready to suppress any kind of them. This link is also movement in Kotdwar, containing two activists by the police beating of rifle killed Bton and poles.[1]

Nainital firing case

At the opposite extreme in Nainital, but in the hands of intellectuals led by the police could not do anything, but he took it out over the Pacific Pratap Singh, who works at the hotel. Soldiers drawn from the hotel to avoid when it ran on Meghdoot Hotel, then was shot dead in his neck.

Sriyantra Tapu (Srinagar) case

Srinagar town situated 2 km Sriyantra Tapu activists on 7 November 1994, against all repressive and isolated incidents Uttarakhand for the fast unto death started. 10 November 1994 the police climb to the island caused a havoc, many people have serious injuries, police said two men in order rifles from the dead butt and sticks-poles Alaknanda River was thrown in and the rain of stones, two of which died.

There bodies were not recovered by police till 15 days and Government bodies did not make any attempt to find the bodies, This information got spread and reached out to chairman of ex serviceman group (Virendra Prasad Kukshal), when he heard about the incident he sat for " Amaran Anshan" for 7 days, due to this Government bodies started the search and recovered the bodies. On 14 November 1994 deadbodies of the two martyrs were found floating in the Alaknanda river near Bagwan.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Rajiv Srivastava (17 November 2011). "Hill state was carved out after 70 yrs of struggle | Lucknow News". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  2. ^ https://www.himalmag.com/angry-hills-an-uttarakhand-state-of-mind/
  3. ^ https://www.hindustantimes.com/dehradun/parties-mum-on-raising-obc-quota-in-govt-jobs/story-sDiZoDRsDm8Xk7UZcRoLVK.html
  4. ^ "Rampur Tiraha firing case". english.samaylive.com. Retrieved 4 January 2021.