Tiruvellore Thattai Krishnamachari
Krishnamachari in 2002 stamp of India
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha for Madras South
In office
Prime MinisterPandit Nehru
Preceded byNone
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha for Madras
In office
Prime MinisterPandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Preceded byNone
Succeeded byBifurcated into Madras North and Madras South constituencies
Personal details
Madras, British India
Died1974 (age 74-75)
Political partyIndian National Congress
ChildrenTT Rangasamy
TT Narasimman
ProfessionPolitician, Entrepreneur TTK group

Tiruvellore Thattai Krishnamachari (1899 – 1974) was an Indian politician who served as Finance Minister from 1956 to 1958 and from 1964 to 1966. He was also a founding member of the first governing body of the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) in New Delhi, India's first independent economic policy institute established in 1956.

Krishnamachari graduated from Madras Christian College (MCC) and was a visiting professor to the department of economics at MCC. He was popularly known as TTK.

He has the ignominy of being the first minister in free India to have resigned due to his involvement in a scam.[1] He was also a member of drafting committee, an entrepreneur and prominent leader within the Indian National Congress.He was also deputy viceroy from 1947-1950.

Early life

T. T. Krishnamachari was born in 1899 into a Tamil Brahmin family in the city of Madras (now Chennai). His father T. T. Rangachari was a judge in the High Court. He attended the Dharmamurthi Rao Bahadur Calavala Cunnan Chetty's Hindu Higher Secondary School, & later graduated from Madras Christian College.[2] He founded TTK group, an Indian business conglomerate famous for its Prestige brand, in the year 1928.

Political life

T.T. Krishnamachari was initially elected to the Madras Legislative Assembly as an independent member, and later joined the Congress. In 1946, he was made a member of the Constituent Assembly at the Centre. From 1952 to 1965, he served the country twice as a Central Minister. He was the first minister for Commerce and Industry and also served as finance minister for 2 times. He also remained in charge of the Steel Ministry for quite some time. He became a Minister again in 1962, first without portfolio, then the Minister for Economic and Defense Cooperation and finally the finance Minister again, in 1964 and finally retired in 1966.[3]

Later life

Krishnamachari was forced to resign from the post of Finance Minister on 18 February 1958 because of his involvement into the Haridas Mundhra scandal.[4] He was re-elected in 1962 and Jawaharlal Nehru had offered him any cabinet position except that of the Finance ministry[1] but was rehabilitated in 1962 as cabinet minister without a post and again as the finance minister a position that he held until 1966. He was associated with Madras Music Academy. The main music hall in the Madras Music Academy bears his name. He died in 1974 due to age related illness.

Mowbray's Road in Chennai was renamed as TTK Road after his death.


  1. ^ a b Subramanian, Samanth. (9 May 2012) Long View: India's Very First Corruption Scandal. The New York Times.
  2. ^ Herdeck, Margaret; Piramal, Gita (1985). India's Industrialists. Lynne Rienner Publishers. pp. 368–. ISBN 978-0-89410-415-2.
  3. ^ Biography of T. T. Krishnamachari. Winentrance.com (14 April 2011). Retrieved on 2018-11-15.
  4. ^ The Mundhra affair. Indian Express (12 December 2008). Retrieved on 2018-11-15.
Political offices Preceded byChintamanrao Deshmukh Finance Minister of India 1957–1958 Succeeded byJawaharlal Nehru Preceded byMorarji Desai Finance Minister of India 1964–1965 Succeeded bySachindra Chaudhuri